RAF Squadrons in May 1940

A trio of Bristol Blenheim IV bombers.

Aircrafts and bases of the Royal Air Force on May 10, 1940

In January 1940 it was decided to unite the Air Component and the Advanced Air Striking Force under the command of the Air Officer Commanding-in-Chief British Air Forces in France, Air Marshal Barratt. As soon as possible after its arrival in France, the RAF took part in operations which brought it in contact with German aircraft. Although a number of German machines were shot down, RAF losses were heavy as many of their planes (the Fairey Battles and Blenheims … learn more

British and Empire Armies 1939

Troops of the 13/18th Royal Hussars

British Army in September 1939

On 2 September 1939, the day before England declared war on Germany, a small military advance party was flown to France, and soon after this the British Expeditionary Force (BEF) began crossing the Channel. By 27 September, 152,031 soldiers, 21,424 vehicles and all the necessary weapons and stores had arrived in France.
A general headquarters was established near Arras while the British I Corps (1st and 2nd Divisions) took their places in the line along the Franco-Belgian frontier east of Lille. As agreed between … learn more

British Army in the Mediterranean 1940

Exercise of light Vickers Mark IIA tanks

British and Empire Armies in the Mediterranean

The Mediterranean theatre was an area of prime importance to Britain. She had many interests there and the Suez canal was the most important artery of the Empire. In August 1939 the land forces in Egypt under Lieutenant-General Sir Henry Maitland Wilson consisted in the main of an armoured division (7th) still in the process of formation, three British infantry brigades, plus a small number of artillery and engineer units.

Additional forces scattered through the Middle East Theatre comprised the Headquarters of the 7th and 8th Infantry Divisions and three infantry brigades in … learn more

August 1, 1944 (Tuesday)

Soldiers of 'Armija Krajowa'

OCCUPIED POLAND
WARSAW RISING: Polish ‘Home Army‘ (Armija Krajawa) begins heroic 53-day struggle against German garrison.

RUSSIAN FRONT
3rd Beylorussian Front captures Kaunas (Lithuania).

WESTERN FRONT
US 12th Army Group formed, under Bradley: including 1st Army (Hodges) and 3rd Army (Patton); 2 TACs of 9th USAAF under attachment.

MARIANS
Americans secure Tinian.

HOME FRONT: USA
Death of Manuel … learn more

July 31, 1944 (Monday)

Digging tank trenches in front of Warsaw.

WESTERN FRONT
US 1st Army breaks through at Avranches.

RUSSIAN FRONT
Red Army 1st Beylorussian Front reaches outskirts of Warsaw. 3rd Beylorussian Front reaches Gulf of Riga, thereby cutting off German Army Group North. 2nd Beylorussian Front reaches East Prussian border.

BURMA
53,000 Japanese die during Imphal-Kohima battles and subsequent retreat to the Chindwin.

MARIANAS
Americans storm Japanese positions on Tinian.

SEA WAR: PACIFIC
Americans land at learn more