Zeitzler (right, OKH Chief of Staff from September 1942 to July 1944)

German Armed Forces of the Third Reich On 16 March 1935 Adolf Hitler re-introduced conscription and announced to the world the formation of the Luftwaffe (German air force). Needless to say this brought the restrictions imposed on the size and the strength of the German armed forces to an abrupt end. The next four years saw the rapid expansion of the German Army; a transformation from General Seeckt’s Reichswehr into Hitler’s Wehrmacht. In September 1939 the German Army went to war with forces which, although well-trained in the latest concepts of mechanised warfare, had gained little combat experience except in … learn more

War Diary October 31, 1944

Shermans fire on Gothic line

War Diary for Tuesday, October 31, 1944: Russian Front German Army Group North trapped in Courland Peninsular (Lithuania) where it remains until May 1945. Air War Germany: RAF daylight raid on Bottrop oil plant (Ruhr). Sea War Merchant shipping losses in October 1944: 2 Allied ships with 1,722 tons in Atlantic, 2 Allied ships with 9,946 tons elsewhere. 130 Japanese ships with 512,378 tons in Pacific. 11 U-boats sunk in the Atlantic, Arctic or Baltic (worldwide total of 12 losses), 16 new U-boats operational, 433 U-boats of all types total in service.