Strength and Organization of the Russian Armed Forces On 5 December 1941, in temperatures of minus 30 degrees centigrade, the Red Army launched its counter-offensive with 720,000 men, 670 tanks (205 of which were heavy KV-1 and medium T-34 models), 5900 guns and mortars and 415 Katyusha rocket launchers. The offensive was the first success of the Red Army and was a tremendous boost to morale. During the first months of the 1942 campaign, Stalin decreed an all-out offensive, but the operation ended in disaster as the Soviet armies were encircled and destroyed by the German Army Group South’s own … learn more
War Diary for Tuesday, October 31, 1939: Politics Molotov, Russian Prime Minister and Foreign Minister, elucidates Soviet foreign policy: friendship with Germany, support for German ‘peace’ efforts and economic collaboration. Sea War Merchant shipping losses in October 1939: 46 Allied ships with 193,355 tons in Atlantic. 5 U-boats sunk in the Atlantic, Arctic or Baltic.
War Diary for Tuesday, October 31, 1944: Russian Front German Army Group North trapped in Courland Peninsular (Lithuania) where it remains until May 1945. Air War Germany: RAF daylight raid on Bottrop oil plant (Ruhr). Sea War Merchant shipping losses in October 1944: 2 Allied ships with 1,722 tons in Atlantic, 2 Allied ships with 9,946 tons elsewhere. 130 Japanese ships with 512,378 tons in Pacific. 11 U-boats sunk in the Atlantic, Arctic or Baltic (worldwide total of 12 losses), 16 new U-boats operational, 433 U-boats of all types total in service.
War Diary for Monday, October 30, 1939: Sea War Atlantic: The German U-boat U-56 hits battleship HMS Nelson west of Orkneys but torpedoes fail to explode.
War Diary for Monday, October 30, 1944: Occupied Countries Greece: Government-in-Exile bans ELAS National Militia. Air War Germany: 761 RAF bombers attacking Cologne and dropping 3,937 t of bombs.