History

Prophetic cartoon from a US newspaper from 1920

Prophetic cartoon from a US newspaper from 1920 after the treaty of Versailles which ended WWI – the French P.M. Clemenceau (nicknamed the ‘Tiger’) leaving the conference, which had met to ensure peace, hears one of the children it had doomed to become a soldier in 1940 weeping at his fate.

Battles, Military Production and Personages of WW2.

WW2 History defines that war as beginning in 1939 in Europe with the battles for Poland.
Post-Versailles Poland was a country of some 24 million. Poland was only 75 percent Polish; the rest was Russian or Ukrainian in the east or German in the west. The Polish Corridor (including the port of Danzig) not only was heavily German but separated East Prussia from the Fatherland, a source of tension that Hitler eagerly exploited.

Poland had beaten the Red Army during the Russian civil wars after 1918 and remained impressive enough to motivate France to sign a mutual defense treaty in the 1920s. But if the Poles detested Germany, they detested Russia even more and so rejected French entreaties to permit Soviet troops into Poland if Germany attacked.
By mid-1939 Hitler, deprived of war in Czechoslovakia, was committed to one in Poland. Despite the Franco-Polish treaty and the growing alarm in London, he did not think the West would interfere, particularly after he signed a startling nonaggression and trade pact with Premier Joseph Stalin that included a secret protocol allowing the Soviets to occupy eastern Poland in case of war.
Even so, the Poles did not altogether despair. They believed that France and Britain would eventually respond and that the Polish army could withstand the Wehrmacht for many months, long enough for the West to mobilize and confront Hitler with what he feared most – a two-front war. This proved only partly accurate. When the Germans attacked on September 1, France and Britain, after issuing an ultimatum, did declare war. But they intended less to fight for Poland, which they considered indefensible without Russian involvement, than to signal to Hitler that they would fight him at some point.
The Poles moreover did not hold out, largely because the Germans fought a war that emphasized surprise and velocity as well as firepower. However, WW2 History has begun…


Operation Barbarossa

Operation Barabarossa

Could had Operation Barbarossa – Hitler’s attack on Soviet Russia – a different course and why was the invasion carried out in June 1941 ? Why Operation Barbarossa in June 1941 ? A great number of people have stated firmly … learn more

Airborne invasion of Crete

Ju 52 landed on Maleme airfield

Operation Merkur, the ‘Battle of Crete’. Operation Merkur The same time as on April 21, 1941 in Larissa the commander of the Greek forces, General Papagos, capitulated and the Balkans campaign so went almost to the end, a briefing took … learn more

Siege of Tobruk ends

Outbreak of British infantry from Tobruk

From August 1941 until the end of the Siege of Tobruk in December 1941 (Part III). Here to Part II Australians withdrawn from Tobruk Beginning in August 1941, Churchill started to re­ceive requests from the Australian govern­ment for the withdrawal … learn more

Rommels attack on Tobruk

German assault party Tobruk

The Siege of Tobruk, from April to December 1941 (Part II). here to part I Rommel’s attack on the defensive perimeter of Tobruk Opposed to the backcloth of coastal sea and air struggle, the battle on land muttered and grumbled … learn more

Siege of Tobruk

Tobruk harbour

The siege of Tobruk from April to December, 1941. Tobruk Tobruk is a tiny but significant harbour on the coastline of Cyrenaica. Before WW2 its inhabitants figures about 4,000 citizens, residing in several 100 white-colored homes standing out starkly about … learn more

Balkans Campaign

German tanks enter Salonikia

History and causes of the Balkan campaign 1940-41. End of October 1940, Hitler ended his Western Journey. The conversation with the Spanish leader Franco has been inconclusive, as well as a meeting with the new French leader Marshal Petain and … learn more

British arms production

assembly line at Avro's Woodford plant

British and Commonwealth arms production in WW2 from 1939-1945. Following are tables of the British and Commonwealth armaments and military equipment production (excluding ammunition) and a comparison of the necessary strategic raw materials. British arms production by weapon types The … learn more

Military production of Japan

Japanes aircraft factory

Military production and imports of Japan in World War II. The annual Japanese armaments and military equipment production (excluding ammunition) and a comparison of the necessary strategic raw materials. Since Japan was virtually dependent on full import of key raw … learn more

Operation Weser Crossing

Altmark

Operation Weser Crossing (Unternehmen Weserübung), the German invasion of Denmark and Norway in April 1940 The six-month hiatus known as the ‘Phony War’ lasted from September 1939 until April 1940, when Germany invaded Norway and Denmark. Early in 1940 Hitler … learn more

U.S. arms production

M3 Lee tanks under construction

U.S. arms production during WW2 from 1939-1945. Following are tables of the annual U.S. arms production (excluding ammunition) and a comparison of the necessary strategic raw materials. U.S. arms production by weapon types Annual U.S. production figures of the main … learn more

Military Expenditures, Strategic Raw Materials, Oil Production

Production of Russian KV-1

Comparison of military expenditures, distribution of vital strategic raw materials, oil and fuel production in World War II. Comparison of Military Expenditures Overview about the relative comparison of the military production and wartime expenditures of the Axis and Allies in … learn more

Russian arms production

Production of ZIS3 field guns

Russian (Soviet) armaments production in the Second World War. Following are tables of the annual Russian (Soviet) armaments production (excluding ammunition) and a comparison of the necessary strategic raw materials. Russian (Soviet) armaments production by weapon types Annual Soviet production … learn more