Diary June 24, 1942

Croatian volunteers

Croatian volunteers and German officers.

WW2 War Diary for Wednesday, June 24, 1942:

Occupied Territories

Yugoslavia: In Yugoslavia 2 major offensives by German, Italian and ‘puppet’ troops (January – June 1942) force Tito’s Partisans to retreat 241 km from Serbia into Croatia.

Air War

Britain: First of 4 attempted night raids on Birmingham during 1942 – only 2 (July 27-28 and 29-30) find the target.

Diary June 24, 1917

Heinrich Gontermann Fokker Dr I

Destroying the heavily-defended balloons called for a high degree of courage, some pilots specializing in the work. One such was Heinrich Gontermann, who accounted for 18 before being killed.

World War One Diary for Sunday, June 24, 1917:

Air War

Western Front: Germans shoot down 3 BEF Second Army balloons, 2 more subsequently. Independent Jagdgeschwader 1 of Jasta 4, 6, 10 and 11 formed under Richthofen (returned from 6 week leave on June 14) with c.50 fighters.

Western Front

Artois: BEF First Army advances astride river Souchez as Germans retreat before 46th Division’s attacks (night June 24-25).

Politics

Austria: Count Czernin ‘We could have a separate peace with England in 8 days. It would be a momentary
salvation, but … the certain ruin of the dynasty.’

Neutrals:

Greece: Prime Minister Zaimis resigns, will not recall Venizelist­-dominated Chamber of 13 June 1915.

Diary June 23, 1942

British specialists examine the Focke-Wulf FW 190 A-3

British specialists examine the Focke-Wulf FW 190 A-3 of Lieutnant-Colonel Faber, which was landed by mistake on the RAF airfield Pembrey in Wales. After an air combat with a Spitfire over Southern England he lost the orientation and confuse the Bristol channel with the English channel. The exploration of the FW 190 has significant influence on the British fighter development, which leaded to the Hawker Tempest and Hawker Fury.

WW2 War Diary for Tuesday, June 23, 1942:

Secret War

Britain: RAF captures Focke-Wulf Fw 190 A – latest German piston-engined fighter – which the pilot lands by mistake at Pembrey, South Wales.

Eastern Front

Siege of Sebastopol: Russian troops withdraw from northern shore of North Bay.

Air War

Western Desert: Heavy bombers of US 10th AAF ordered from India to Egypt to support British 8th Army.
Germany: 195 RAF bombers attacking Emden and dropping 392t of bombs.

Diary June 23, 1917

Seaplane carrier Empress

A seaplane nestles in Empress’s hangar.

World War One Diary for Saturday, June 23, 1917:

Air War

Palestine: Royal Navy Air Service (3 Shorts from carrier Empress) and Royal Flying Corps (7 aircraft) simultaneously bomb Tulkarm station and El Ramie airfield; 8 RFC aircraft (5 lost) hit Turk Mount of Olives HQ (June 26).
Germany: Amerikaprogramm submitted to OHL to double fighter units by 1 March 1918 and produce new high-performance fighter.

Sea War

North Sea: German torpedo boat escorts 4 steamers from Rotterdam (part of German coastal trade revival since
April). King George V goes to sea for 5th Battle Squadron practice firing (visits Rosyth and Invergordon on June 24).
Indian Ocean: P & O liner Mongolia (23 lives lost) sunk by Wolf mine off Bombay, but vessels based there sweep during June 51 of 68 mines laid off port.

Home Fronts

Austria: Dr Seidler new Prime Minister after Count Clam-Martinitz resigns (June 21) over budget impasse.

Diary June 22, 1942

Romanian infantry in the battle of Sevastopol

Romanian infantry in the battle of Sevastopol, June 1942.

WW2 War Diary for Monday, June 22, 1942:

Eastern Front

Rumanian casualties in 12 months: 157,572.

Politics

USA: Litvinov, Russian Ambassador to USA, demands immediate launching of a ‘Second Front’, during speech in New York.

Diary June 22, 1917

Pershing in France

Reception for US Supreme Commander Pershing in France.

World War One Diary for Friday, June 22, 1917:

Western Front

France: Petain tells Pershing French morale very low.

Southern Fronts

Salonika: British 7th Mounted Brigade (c.2,100 men) begins to embark for Egypt (8th Mounted Brigade embarked from May 31).

Sea War

Atlantic: U-boats unsuccess­fully attack US troop transports.
North Sea: Admiral Krosigk of Wilhelmshaven naval base orders careful watch kept on Independent Socialists (‘dangerous agitators’).