Diary June 25, 1942

British armoured cars under bomb attack by Stukas.

Picture from this day near Mersa Matruh: British armoured cars under bomb attack by Stukas.

WW2 War Diary for Thursday, June 25, 1942:

Africa

Western Desert: Auchinleck sacks Ritchie and takes personal command of 8th Army.

Air War

Germany: ‘THOUSAND-BOMBER’ RAID ON BREMEN. 1,006 aircraft despatched (49 lost) including 272 bomber/trainers and 102 Coastal Command machines. First successful test of ‘Gee’ ‘blind-bombing’ equipment against major target. Focke-Wulf works badly damaged and 27 acres of business district destroyed.

Home Fronts

USA: Major-General Eisenhower appointed Commander of US Forces in Europe.

Diary June 25, 1917

Austrian 10cm M10 mounatin howitzer

Austrian 10cm M10 mountain howitzer in action.

World War One Diary for Monday, June 25, 1917:

Southern Fronts

Trentino: At 0230 hours surprise Austrian attack by 7 battalions with 103 guns and mortars in close support recaptures all 3 Mt Ortigara heights and repulses 7 Alpini battalions in evening (and on June 26). Italian losses 5,633 men (including c.1,800 PoWs).

Western Front

Aisne: French capture ‘Dragons’s cave’ near Hurtebise.

Sea War

Black Sea: German cruiser Breslau destroys Russian radio station and lighthouse on Fidonisi Island.
Adriatic: Vice-Admiral Cerni becomes Italian Fleet C-in-C under Revel’s supervision.

Secret War

Britain: Admiralty forms Convoy Section to provide escorts and organize ‘evasive routeing’ based on Room 40 intelligence. Room 40 now sending 66 special telegrams per month based on German codes or signals, especially from radio­-happy U-boats via 40 British Isles intercept stations (11 later in Mediterranean) which often fix their bearings.

Diary June 24, 1942

Croatian volunteers

Croatian volunteers and German officers.

WW2 War Diary for Wednesday, June 24, 1942:

Occupied Territories

Yugoslavia: In Yugoslavia 2 major offensives by German, Italian and ‘puppet’ troops (January – June 1942) force Tito’s Partisans to retreat 241 km from Serbia into Croatia.

Air War

Britain: First of 4 attempted night raids on Birmingham during 1942 – only 2 (July 27-28 and 29-30) find the target.

Diary June 24, 1917

Heinrich Gontermann Fokker Dr I

Destroying the heavily-defended balloons called for a high degree of courage, some pilots specializing in the work. One such was Heinrich Gontermann, who accounted for 18 before being killed.

World War One Diary for Sunday, June 24, 1917:

Air War

Western Front: Germans shoot down 3 BEF Second Army balloons, 2 more subsequently. Independent Jagdgeschwader 1 of Jasta 4, 6, 10 and 11 formed under Richthofen (returned from 6 week leave on June 14) with c.50 fighters.

Western Front

Artois: BEF First Army advances astride river Souchez as Germans retreat before 46th Division’s attacks (night June 24-25).

Politics

Austria: Count Czernin ‘We could have a separate peace with England in 8 days. It would be a momentary
salvation, but … the certain ruin of the dynasty.’

Neutrals:

Greece: Prime Minister Zaimis resigns, will not recall Venizelist­-dominated Chamber of 13 June 1915.

Diary June 23, 1942

British specialists examine the Focke-Wulf FW 190 A-3

British specialists examine the Focke-Wulf FW 190 A-3 of Lieutnant-Colonel Faber, which was landed by mistake on the RAF airfield Pembrey in Wales. After an air combat with a Spitfire over Southern England he lost the orientation and confuse the Bristol channel with the English channel. The exploration of the FW 190 has significant influence on the British fighter development, which leaded to the Hawker Tempest and Hawker Fury.

WW2 War Diary for Tuesday, June 23, 1942:

Secret War

Britain: RAF captures Focke-Wulf Fw 190 A – latest German piston-engined fighter – which the pilot lands by mistake at Pembrey, South Wales.

Eastern Front

Siege of Sebastopol: Russian troops withdraw from northern shore of North Bay.

Air War

Western Desert: Heavy bombers of US 10th AAF ordered from India to Egypt to support British 8th Army.
Germany: 195 RAF bombers attacking Emden and dropping 392t of bombs.

Diary June 23, 1917

Seaplane carrier Empress

A seaplane nestles in Empress’s hangar.

World War One Diary for Saturday, June 23, 1917:

Air War

Palestine: Royal Navy Air Service (3 Shorts from carrier Empress) and Royal Flying Corps (7 aircraft) simultaneously bomb Tulkarm station and El Ramie airfield; 8 RFC aircraft (5 lost) hit Turk Mount of Olives HQ (June 26).
Germany: Amerikaprogramm submitted to OHL to double fighter units by 1 March 1918 and produce new high-performance fighter.

Sea War

North Sea: German torpedo boat escorts 4 steamers from Rotterdam (part of German coastal trade revival since
April). King George V goes to sea for 5th Battle Squadron practice firing (visits Rosyth and Invergordon on June 24).
Indian Ocean: P & O liner Mongolia (23 lives lost) sunk by Wolf mine off Bombay, but vessels based there sweep during June 51 of 68 mines laid off port.

Home Fronts

Austria: Dr Seidler new Prime Minister after Count Clam-Martinitz resigns (June 21) over budget impasse.