soviet flagTank driving with the Soviet BMP APC/AIFV.
Video of the tank drive, history, description, specifications and photos of the Soviet BMP armoured infantry fighting vehicles.


Tank driving with the Soviet BMP APC/AIFV.


For the first time, the Soviet Union began with the introduction of the BMP-1 as combat vehicles for mechanized infantry, which was put into service in 1967.
During the Second World War, the Soviet infantry had to ride on the tanks in the battle, resulting in high losses. Then armored personnel carriers were introduced to transport the mechanized infantry to the places where they got out to go into action.

Red Army maneuvers with BMP-1 i

Red Army maneuvers with BMP-1 infantry fighting vehicles.

The BMP armored infantry carrier advanced this tactic further, as the infantry could now fight out of the tracked vehicle, which additionally carries a large armament. This included a turret with a low-pressure recoilless 73-mm cannon capable of firing HEAT or HE-FRAG grenades (high-explosive fragment) and an AT-3 Saggerr ATGW anti-tank missile launcher above the main armament.

The vehicle has firing ports in the hull, through which the infantry group can fire their rifles and machine guns from inside and support an attack. This firepower makes it possible to exploit the momentum of the attack as it minimizes delays caused by frequent infantry dismounting.

The BMP also gives the infantry a complete all-round protection, since the vehicle is also armored in comparison to the usual infantry fighting vehicles used up to then. Previously, the crew and infantry group were vulnerable to attacks from above or higher positions, shrapnel, grenades or NBC (nuclear / biological / chemical) warfare.

Where the infantry must travel long distances, it is crucial that it can keep pace with the tanks as enemy defenses are breached. The increased offensive fighting power of an AIFV (Armored Infantry Fighting Vehicle) helps the infantry achieve this better than it did with the relatively light armored infantry carriers.
And once the inmates have disembarked, the BMP can effectively cover the attacking infantry.

The BMP-1 has amphibious capabilities and is equipped with an NBC protection system and night vision equipment for the crew. The BMP-1 has a crew of three men, consisting of a driver in front left, a commander behind the driver and a gunner in the turret.
The vehicle is capable of transporting eight infantrymen in the back room, with four sitting on each side. The entrance and exit takes place via two doors at the rear of the vehicle.




The BMP-1 was followed by the BMP-2, which was developed in the late 1970s and 1982 was first seen in public.
Because as the first of its kind, the draft of the BMP-1 proved to be faulty. As the commander sat behind the driver, his field of vision was limited.

The BMP-2, on the other hand, is a slightly wider vehicle, albeit shorter and lower, and the driver now sits in the front left, with an infantryman behind him. In addition, there is space for the commander and the gunner in the bigger and stronger powered turret.

However, the revised design led to the fact that there is only room for seven infantrymen in the BMP-2, since there are only two rows of three seats arranged outwards in the rear combat area.
There are four firing holes on the left side of the fuselage and three in the right and one in the left back door.

As with the BMP-1, the BMP-2 also has night vision devices and an NBC protection system. However, the BMP-1’s 73mm cannon has also proven to be inaccurate, so in the BMP-2 it was replaced by a 30mm rapid fire cannon with AP-T (Armor Piercing Tracer) or HE-T (High Explosive Tracer) shells. Additional there is a coaxial 7.62 mm machine gun.

The profile of the BMP-2 has an even more noticeable, pointed bow at the front and a longer deflector coffer at the back. These modifications were introduced to improve the amphibious ability of the vehicle. Other modifications include the installation of the AT-5 Spandrel ATGW or the shorter-range AT-4 Spigot, both second-generation missiles to replace the Sagger.

The BMP-2, like the BMP-1, can smoke out by injecting diesel fuel into the exhaust outlet on the fuselage.

There are other variants such as the BMD, the airborne version of the BMP with identical armament, a command post vehicle and the BMP-R reconnaissance vehicle.

The BMP-1 and BMP-2 were delivered to the Red Army and sold to Russian foreign customers. They are on duty with the Russian army today, and the BMP-1 has historically been assigned to the armed forces of Afghanistan, Algeria, Bulgaria, Cuba, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Egypt, Ethiopia, Finland, Hungary, India, Iran, Iraq, Libya, Mongolia, North Korea, (North) Yemen, Poland, Syria and Yugoslavia. It is also built in China as type WZ 501.

Although the BMP has been used with mixed success in a number of conflicts, including the Russians in Chechnya and Syria in the Middle East wars, many other forces – including those in the West – have followed its example and developed their own AIFV vehicles.

During the Gulf Wars, the effectiveness of the BMP and other AIFV vehicles was unequivocally demonstrated in the modern, high-tech, fast-moving, large-scale, modern battlefield.

Video about driving the BMP-2

Specifications BMP APC/AIFV

Specifications BMP APC/AIFV
Specification BMP-1 BMP-2
Crew 3+8 3+7
Main Armamenet 73 mm gun (40 rounds) 30 mm gun (500 rounds)
Coaxial armament 7.62 mm MG (2,000 rounds) 7.62 mm MG (2,000 rounds)
Anti-tank missile launcher AT-3 Sagger (5 missiles) AT-5 Spandrel (4 missiles) or AT-4 Spigo
Smoke projectors 6
Dimension length 6.74 m (22.15 ft) 6.71 m (22 ft)
Dimesion height 2.15 m ((7 ft) 2.06 m (6.76 ft)
Dimension width 2.94 m (9.65 ft) 3.09 m (10.14 ft)
Ground clearance 0.39 m (15 in) 0.42 m (16.5 in)
Weight empty 12,500 kg (27,594 lb) ?
Battle weight 13,500 kg (29,800 lb) 14,600 kg (32,230 lb)
Ground pressure 0.6 kg/cm² 0.64 kg/cm²
Engine Type 5D20 6-cylinder inline water-cooled diesel 6-cylinder supercharged diesel
Engine output 300 hp 400 hp
Range 500 km (310 miles) 600 km (370 miles)
Maximum road speed 65 km/hr (40 miles per hour) =
Amphibious speed 8 km/hr (5 miles per hour) ?
Vertical obstacle 1.10 m (43.3 inch) ?
Trench crossing 1.98 m (78 inch) ?
Climbing power 60% ?
Armour max. 33 mm steel max. 33 mm steel
Notes Night vision device and ABC protected =
Service delivery 1967 1982

Today’s War Diary and Report Feeds

Today 75 and 100 years ago and daily World War Report:

Diary March 19, 1943

 Ju 188E-2

The new Ju 188E-2 with two advanced torpedos and Hohentwiel radar will become one of the best anti-shipping aircraft of WW2.

WW2 War Diary for Friday, March 19, 1943:

Air War

Mediterranean: German aircraft employ ‘circling torpedoes’ against Allied shipping in Tripoli harbour.

Home Fronts

USA: Frank Nitti, notorious gangster and close associate of Al Capone, commits suicide.

Occupied Territories

France: Pro-Vichy Governor of French Guiana resigns.

Diary March 19, 1918

German gunners pull field guns

German gunners pull field guns for the upcoming offensive in their positions.

World War One Diary for Tuesday, March 19, 1918:

Western Front

German attacks in Champagne and on Meuse.
Somme: General Gough writes home predicting German offensive on Thursday, March 21. Germans issued with special gasmask filters, 20 anti-tank bullets, and grenades.
British pre-emptive gas bombardment near St Quentin: 5,649 projectors fire 85t phosgene; 1,100 gassed (250 deaths).

Sea War

North Sea: Harwich Force (Captain St John vice Tyrwhitt on leave) with 3 French destroyers from Dunkirk tows 6 barges with seaplanes to make dawn reconnaissance mission off Terschelling island, shooting down 1 German seaplane (repeated on March 21).

Home Fronts

Britain: House of Lords debates League of Nations principle.
USA: Daylight Saving Act for 31 May-27 October.

Portuguese Army

The Army of Portugal in World War One 1916-1918.
Uniforms, strength and organization of the Portuguese Army in Europe and Africa.

Portuguese Army on the Western Front

Portuguese Army on the Western Front 1917-1918 (from left to right): Infantry NCO, Staff officer, Artilleryman.

Portugal joined World War One on the Allied side in March 1916. Prior to being transported to France the Portuguese Expeditionary Force undergone exercising and outfitting in Sussex, UK.

The shade of the field uniform looked like the French horizon azure. It was made up of a single-breasted tunic with stand collar and fly-front. It had parallel pleated patch breast pockets along with pointed flap and button, however no side pockets. The shoulder straps were created of the identical components, and there had been a pair of buttons at the rear of each cuff. The tunic had been used with harmonizing pantaloons and puttees. The greatcoat was double-breasted having huge fall collar and half-belt fastening at the rear with a pair of buttons.
Officers dressed in a single-breasted greatcoat with half a dozen buttons at the front, pleated patch breast pockets, and dipping side pockets all with buttoned flap. It had a solitary button on the cuffs, which could be fixed around the wrist using a strap. Officers furthermore dressed in an extended grey cloak with dark-blue velvet collar, and pointed grey cloth collar patches on which were placed the badges of rank.
The peaked service cap had a harmonizing cloth-covered peak with strip of silver braid for officers and normal shaded leather (silver lace for officers) chin strap, and the arm-of-service banner was placed on the front. The fluted steel helmet had been considered to have been produced under agreement in Birmingham, Great britain.

Officers were known to use the identical fundamental uniform as their soldiers, however some did dress in open tunics with grey shirts and black ties, while some dressed in tunics with big ‘bellow’ side pockets. Harmonizing breeches were used with brown leather field footwear, or ankle boots with leather gaiters. Officers dressed in the ‘Sam Browne’, while other ranks gotten the Por­tuguese kind of the British 1908-pattern web equipment.
Rank was showed on the cuffs of the tunic and greatcoat, as well as on the cloak collar of officers, while other ranks used their rank badges on the shoulder straps.
Arm-of-service was shown by an oxidized (blackened) metal, or silver-embroidered badge which was placed on the front of the peaked cap as well as on the collar. Several badges and regimental numbers were stitched in dark blue and displayed on the upper sleeve on each arm.

Portuguese Forces on March 9, 1916:
Over 12,000 regular troops (4,300 including 2,800 African in Mozambique).

Portuguese strength on the Western Front on November 11, 1918:
35,000 soldiers (in 2 divisions) with 768 motor vehicles.

Portuguese Army in East Africa

A second Portuguese expeditionary force was still in Mocambique when war was declared in March 1916, and some of its members were involved in the initial fighting. It consisted of the 3rd Brigade of Regimento de Infantaria No.21; a machine gun grupo (No.7); a squadron from Regimento de Cavalaria No.3; a mountain artillery group; and engineer, medical and service units.

The third and larger expedition arrived in July 1916. This was made up of the third battalions of Regimentos de Infantaria Nos.23, 24 and 28 plus two reinforcing companies for No.21; three more machine gun groups (Nos 4, 5 & 8); five artillery groups (Nos. 1 and 2 plus three more from the Mountain Artillery Regiment); and engineer, medical and service units.

The Portuguese also took steps to expand their askari units. Those involved in the crossing of the Rovuma included the Guardia Republicana, a number of Companhias Indigenas Expeditionarias (notably Nos. 17 and 19 to 24), and the Nyassa Company‘s 1a Companhia.

The European battalions provided the main mass, but askaris accompanied them and they were screened by a ‘black column’ consisting of a European mounted infantry company and four African companies. Some Portuguese troopers from Cavalaria No.3 formed part of the advance towards Nevala, but little was heard of this arm thereafter.

The askaris suffered more battle casualties than the Europeans, but the latters’ losses from disease were ten times those of the Africans. Apart from Captain Curado’s 21a Companhia Indigena, which showed what the askaris could do with good leadership, the Portuguese demonstrated that they were no match for the Germans. Indeed, the German conclusion was that 500 German troops could safely take the offensive against 1,500 Portuguese.

Portuguese losses in East Africa 1916-18:
4,723 men (from 30,701 troops employed), 4 guns, 18 machine-guns.

PORTUGAL (March 9, 1916 – November 11, 1918)

  • Soldiers available on mobilization = 12,000+
  • Army strength during the war = 100,000
  • KIA Military = 8,145
  • Wounded Military = 14,784
  • Civilian losses = unknown, but low