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LAST THREE DAYS 75 and 100 YEARS AGO:

Diary July 21, 1942

briefing of Japanese aircraft crews

A briefing of Japanese aircraft crews to support their troops between Buna and Port Moresby.

WW2 War Diary for Tuesday, July 21, 1942:

Pazifik

New Guinea: Japanese division lands at Buna, north of Port Moresby, which they plan to capture by advancing over Owen Stanley Mountains.

Diary July 21, 1917

Kerensky

The hesitation of Kerensky won him the mistrust of both the officers’ corps and the revolutionaries.

World War One Diary for Saturday, July 21, 1917:

Home Fronts

Russia: Kerensky orders arrest of only 6 Bolsheviks (excluding Trotsky) and allows only voluntary disarming.
Britain: Lloyd George says 1917-18 food supplies already secured. Churchill speech at Dundee ‘We are the heart, the centre of the League of Nations. If we fail, all fail.’

Eastern Front

Baltic Provinces – Russian North Front ‘offensive’ (until July 23): only 2 of 6 divisions allocated participate
(182nd Division at gunpoint).
Galicia: Germans near Tarnopol despite heroic Royal Navy Air Service armoured car action (5 cars lost).

Politics

Britain: Lloyd George says new German Chancellor’s speech means military have won, speech of July 23 says peace only achievable with German people.

Diary July 20, 1942

British 4.5in howitzer is firing

Picture from this day from North Africa: British 4.5in howitzer is firing during the ‘First battle of El Alamein’.

WW2 War Diary for Monday, July 20, 1942:

Air War

Arctic: Russian planes bomb airfields in North Norway.
Western Europa: 200 Spitfire V fighters strafe ‘targets of opportunity’ over Northern France (1 aircraft collides with a tree).

Diary July 20, 1917

Turkish troops in Palestine

Turkish troops in Palestine, inspected by Enver Pasha.

World War One Diary for Friday, July 20, 1917:

Middle East

Turkey: Army Group Kommando F formed to control German troops.
Palestine: British 54th Division (over 100 casualties) trench raids southwest of Umbrella Hill causing over 118 casualties and MG and mortar taken.

Western Front

Britain: Cabinet sanctions Haig’s Ypres offensive, provided it is called off if progress is unsatisfactory.

Politics

Serbia: Corfu Declaration, signed by Prime Minister Pasic, Dr Trumbic and Montenegro Committee for National Union, seeks union of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes.

Diary July 19, 1942

Lunch break at a Russian fighter squadron

Lunch break at a Russian fighter squadron on the Eastern Front.

WW2 War Diary for Sunday, July 19, 1942:

Air War

Eastern Front: Captain Antonio Lavat, commander of Esquadra Azul (‘Blue Squadron’) – Spanish volunteer fighter unit in Russia – killed in action.

Diary July 19, 1917

Kerensky

Kerensky (centre) at the funeral of cossacks killed in the Petrograd July riots.

World War One Diary for Thursday, July 19, 1917:

Home Fronts

Russia: Kerensky succeeds Prince Lvov as Prime Minister after news of German breakthrough. In Petrograd last 500 rebels surrender to General Polovtsev. Finnish Scim proclaims Finland’s autonomy.
Germany: Crown Prince Rupprecht letter to Interior Minister bemoans Bavaria’s plight against Berlin heavy industry.

Eastern Front

Western Russia – Battle of Smorgon-Krevo (until July 27): German Tenth Army repulses assault after 2-mile Russian penetration on July 22.
Galicia: Hoffmann’s counter-offensive with Eben’s 9 divisions (8 from Western Front) makes 12-mile wide breach east of Zloczow helped by Bruchmueller hurricane barrage. Russian Eleventh Army flees en masse, losing 6,000 PoWs and 70 guns by July 21.

Africa

East Africa – Battle of Narungombe: 1,700 British soldiers (363 casualties) with 20 MGs attack Captain Liebermann’s c.800 men, 2 guns and 48 MGs in waterhole hill positions. Narungombe occupied on July 20 as Germans retreat south to Mihambia, lost 1 MG.

Sea War

Britain: Carson, First Lord of the Admiralty, resigns, suc­ceeded by Sir E Geddes.

Politics

Germany: Reichstag Peace Resolution on war aims by 212-126 vote ‘strives for a peace by agreement and a permanent reconciliation’. New Chancellor Michaelis says Germany will not again offer peace.