August 13, 1914 (Thursday)

Austro-Hungarian 12in Skoda Howitzer

In the bombardment of the Belgian forts were also involved 12in Skoda howitzers, which were borrowed from the Austria-Hungarian army.

WESTERN FRONT
Belgium: 3 Liege forts surrender to Germans (one blows up) as Austrian 12inch Skoda howitzers join in.
Alsace: French Belfort garrison (57th Division) stops ‘Landwehr’ pursuit at border.

SOUTHERN FRONTS
Serbia: Austrian slowness allows Serb C-in-C Putnik to switch 3rd and 2nd Armies by forced
marching closer to the strategic river Jadar, Cavalry Division to Sabac and 1st Army to take over north sector west of Belgrade.

AFRICAN FRONTS
Lake Nyasa: British steamer ‘Gwendolen’ (3 guns) secures lake by disabling gunboat ‘Hermann von Wissmann’ on stocks at Spinxhaven (5 crew members captured).

SEA WAR
East Africa: British cruisers ‘Astraea’ and ‘Pegasus’ shell Dar-es-Salaam.
Pacific: Admiral Spee detaches ‘Emden’ and coiler to raid Indian Ocean.

AIR WAR
France: Nos 2, 3, 4, and 5 Squadrons of Royal Flying Corps (Brigade-General Sir D. Henderson) begin crossing Channel (until August 15). First plane of 44 Bleriots, Farmans, Avros and BE2s to land is Lt Harvey-Kelly’s BE2a of No 2 Sqn RCF moves from Amiens to Maubeuge by August 17.

HOME FRONTS
Britain: Anglo-French Commission created in London for buying munitions. Churchill arranges for 200 Austrians to leave with their Ambassador who is told by King George V: ‘I don’t believe William wanted war . . . his son and his party made the war.’

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