Chinese Nationalist Army

Chiang Kai-sheks's German-trained and equipped Chinese soldiers.

The seizure of Mukden on 19 September 1931 marked the beginning of overt Japanese aggression against China, and from 1937 there was open war. The disorganised Chinese forces were no match on the battlefield for the Japanese armies, but determined… learn more

Bulgarian Armed Forces

Tsar Boris III from Bulgaria

Bulgarian Army Throughout World War II Tsarist Bulgaria was only officially at war with England and America. Her alliance with Germany was due in part to their common experiences during World War I, the hope of territorial gains, and her… learn more

Belgian Armed Forces

Belgian soldiers take a rest by the roadside

Belgian Army In 1914 neutral Belgium had been suddenly attacked by the German Army and had experienced four years of trench warfare. After the German occupation of the Rhineland in 1936 the country was again jolted into awareness of impending… learn more

Baltic volunteers with the German Army

Decoration of Baltic soldiers and auxiliaries in German service.

On 22 June 1941 the Red Army’s 29th Corps (Baltic Special Military District) disintegrated. The two divisions (the 179th and 184th ?) were ex-Lithuanian Army Divisions. The mutinied, killed most of their officers and commissars, then declared themselves a new… learn more

Russian Troops with the German Army

Russian Cossacks in German service.

Strength and Organization of the Wehrmacht volunteers from Russia. Russian volunteers with the German Army The continuous drain of German military personnel brought about by the bitter fighting on the Eastern Front, together with increasing partisan activity in the German… learn more

Axis Eastern Front allies

Spanish soldiers of the Blue Division on the Eastern Front.

Spanish Volunteer Units In return for German help in the Spanish Civil War, Franco agreed to the formation of a Spanish Volunteer Division of 18,000 men, most of whom were regular soldiers, to participate in the ‘crusade’ against Bolshevism on… learn more

Slovak Armed Forces

Soldiers of the Slovak Mobile Division on the Eastern Front

Slovak Army In March 1939 Hitler summoned the leaders of the Slovak populist party to Berlin and told them that unless they broke away from Czechoslovakia, he would allow the Hungarians to invade their country. Slovakia declared itself independent on… learn more

German uniforms of WW2

group of German infantrymen

Army uniforms of the Wehrmacht in the Second World War. The field-gray uniform of the Wehrmacht was a further development of the German uniform used during World War One. The final form of this uniform was introduced in several steps… learn more

Deployment German Forces 1942

fine color aerial pictures from the beginning of Operation Blue

Deployment of German armed forces by theaters of war in the summer of 1942. Deployment German ground forces The German distribution of ground forces by theaters of war in the summer (June-July) 1942 after TOE (tables of organisation and equipment).… learn more

Bombing accuracy

B-24 bombing Ploesti

Bombing accuracy of B-17 and B-24 groups in Europe. Bombing accuracy: With less than 50 per-cent cloud coverage an average B-17 Fortress Group could be expected to place 32.4% of its bombs within 1000 feet of the aiming point when… learn more

Hawker Sea Fury

Hawker Sea Fury

British Naval fighter-bomber Sea Fury. History, development, service, specifications, pictures and 3D model. Hawker Sea Fury Type: British carrier-based fighter-bomber. History The Hawker Sea Fury, the last British fighter aircraft with a piston engine, looks like a Hawker Tempest II.… learn more

Fighting Power of the Wehrmacht

The last cigarette for Wehrmacht soldiers

Fighting power of the German Wehrmacht (Part I) What is fighting power? In the military history there were always outstanding armed forces. The Greeks under Alexander the Great, the Romans under Caesar, the Mongols of the Genghis Khan, the French… learn more

Prisoner of War

Hanged German Major

The final battles, as PoW and documents. Pictures from the final battle as well as documents from the time as POW and Nazi era. In the last phase of war in Germany, the remaining soldiers of the 214th Infantry Division… learn more

Battle at the Vistula 1945

pain of an innocent creature, as well as the millions of humans, in a terrible war

Last Russian Winter Offensive On January 12, 1945 the 1st Byelorussian Front (Marshal Zhukov) and the 1st Ukrainian Front (Marshal Konev) attacked on a wide front line from Warsaw to Jaslo. At the same time, north of Warsaw, Rokossowskis 2nd… learn more

German arms production

assembly line of German Focke-Wulf Fw 190

German arms production in WW2 from 1939-1945 The annual German armaments and military equipment production (excluding ammunition) and a comparison of the necessary strategic raw materials. Additional, the origins of the strategic raw materials and effect of the Allied bombing… learn more

Military passport Wehrmacht

German military passport Wehrmacht

German military passport of the Wehrmacht from WW2. Extracts from the German army passport the uncle of the author. In a Wehrmacht Wehrpass there are some interesting information about the conscription, weapons training, operational use, units, wounds etc.   Previous… learn more

Springfield M1903

3d model of Springfield rifle.

US Rifle cal. 30, Springfield M1903 History, development, service, specifications, statistics, pictures, and 3D model. Springfield M1903, US rifle cal .30 Type: Infantry rifle. History: Although the M1 Garand was the standard rifle of the US Army during WW2 ,… learn more

Stuka

Snow camouflaged Junkers Ju 87 B dive bomber

Stuka, German diver-bomber Junkers Ju 87 History, development, service and dive-bombing tactics, specifications, pictures and 3D model (Part I). Junkers Ju 87 Stuka Type: Two-seat German dive-bomber. History of the Stuka Ever since the end of World War One, the… learn more

Ju 87

3d model of Junkers Ju 87 B Stuka (Trop)

Junkers Ju 87 dive-bomber Service performance, pictures, 3D model and video (Part II). back to Part I: History and specifications of the Stuka Animated 3D model of Ju 87B Stuka (Western Desert) Service performance of Ju 87 The Junkers Ju… learn more

Dive bombing tactics

Dive attack of a Stuka

Dive bombing tactics using the example of Stuka. back to Part I: German Ju 87 Junkers dive-bomber Following the tactics employed with the Junkers Ju 87 Stuka are described in detail; the dive-bombing methods used by the twin­-engined Junkers Ju… learn more