Waffen-SS divisions 7-12

7.5cm AT gun of 12 SS 'Hitlerjugend' in Normandy

Order of Battle Waffen-SS divisions 7 (Prinz Eugen) – 12 (Hitlerjugend) The Waffen-SS divisions from this and the previous page were Germany’s most effective troops of WW2. 7 SS-Freiwilligen-Gebirgs-Division Prinz Eugen Raised (as division) March 1942 (operational October 1942). The… learn more

Wehrmacht vs US Army

Wehrmacht soldiers in training

Fighting power of the Wehrmacht, Part II back to Fighting power Wehrmacht Part I Training of soldiers The duration of basic training in the Wehrmacht was different. In 1938 it took’s 16 weeks for infantrymen, 1940 only eight weeks, 16… learn more

Finnish Armed Forces in the Winter War 1939-40

Finnish instructor for Suomi sub-machine gun

Finnish Army The Finnish army was one of the smallest in Europe and the Red Army expected little opposition. But the Soviet invasion found the Finns well prepared; and they turned to their advantage the sub-zero temperatures and deep snow… learn more

Japanese Navy 1939-40

Japanese battlecruiser Kirishima

Strength and organisation of the Imperial Japanese Navy The Prime Minister presided over Imperial General Headquarters (GHQ) which was split in two sections – Army and Navy. Holding positions at Imperial GHQ were the Navy Minister and the Chief of… learn more

Japanese Army 1939-40

Japanese soldiers crossing a pontoon bridge in China

Strength and organization of the Imperial Army and Air Force The Japanese Army was a mirror of Japanese society before 1945. It contained a peculiar amalgam of medieval attitudes and modern material, for the Army still followed the code of… learn more

Luftwaffe Orders of Battle September 2, 1939

Ju 87B dive-bomber

Strength and aircrafts of the Luftflotten on the day after Germany invaded Poland The Luftwaffe Orders of Battle gives the strength of the German air force operational units on the day after Germany invaded Poland, and the day before Great… learn more

German Orders of Battle for September 1, 1939

German Panzer Division after the first border fights in Poland

Orders of Battle, strength of the Army divisions and tank inventory of the Wehrmacht at time of campaign in Poland The German Orders of Battle at the time of the campaign in Poland and the resulting outbreak of World War… learn more

Bulgarian Armed Forces

Tsar Boris III from Bulgaria

Bulgarian Army Throughout World War II Tsarist Bulgaria was only officially at war with England and America. Her alliance with Germany was due in part to their common experiences during World War I, the hope of territorial gains, and her… learn more

Baltic volunteers with the German Army

Decoration of Baltic soldiers and auxiliaries in German service.

On 22 June 1941 the Red Army’s 29th Corps (Baltic Special Military District) disintegrated. The two divisions (the 179th and 184th ?) were ex-Lithuanian Army Divisions. The mutinied, killed most of their officers and commissars, then declared themselves a new… learn more

Russian Troops with the German Army

Russian Cossacks in German service.

Strength and Organization of the Wehrmacht volunteers from Russia. Russian volunteers with the German Army The continuous drain of German military personnel brought about by the bitter fighting on the Eastern Front, together with increasing partisan activity in the German… learn more

Axis Eastern Front allies

Spanish soldiers of the Blue Division on the Eastern Front.

Spanish Volunteer Units In return for German help in the Spanish Civil War, Franco agreed to the formation of a Spanish Volunteer Division of 18,000 men, most of whom were regular soldiers, to participate in the ‘crusade’ against Bolshevism on… learn more

Slovak Armed Forces

Soldiers of the Slovak Mobile Division on the Eastern Front

Slovak Army In March 1939 Hitler summoned the leaders of the Slovak populist party to Berlin and told them that unless they broke away from Czechoslovakia, he would allow the Hungarians to invade their country. Slovakia declared itself independent on… learn more

German uniforms of WW2

group of German infantrymen

Army uniforms of the Wehrmacht in the Second World War. The field-gray uniform of the Wehrmacht was a further development of the German uniform used during World War One. The final form of this uniform was introduced in several steps… learn more

Deployment German Forces 1942

fine color aerial pictures from the beginning of Operation Blue

Deployment of German armed forces by theaters of war in the summer of 1942. Deployment German ground forces The German distribution of ground forces by theaters of war in the summer (June-July) 1942 after TOE (tables of organisation and equipment).… learn more

Fighting Power of the Wehrmacht

The last cigarette for Wehrmacht soldiers

Fighting power of the German Wehrmacht (Part I) What is fighting power? In the military history there were always outstanding armed forces. The Greeks under Alexander the Great, the Romans under Caesar, the Mongols of the Genghis Khan, the French… learn more

Military performance

German paratroopers with a 7.5-cm PaK 40

The German military performance during World War Two. Part III of the assessment of the fighting power of the Wehrmacht in WW2. back to Part II: Wehrmacht vs US Army German Performance against the Western Allies With the development and… learn more

Performance on the Western Front

Infantry of the US XX Corps move forward

German military performance against the Western Allies in France and on the German frontier in 1944. back to Part III: Military performance in Italy 1943-44 As Rommel had forecast, the ensuing three months after the Allied invasion in Normandy on… learn more


Conscripts of the Wehrmacht during basic training

Wehrmacht – the German Armed Forces of the Third Reich. In the plebiscite on the Saar on January 13, 1935, more than 90% of the electorate voted to return to Germany. On March 1, 1935, Saarland returned to the German… learn more

Organization of the Wehrmacht

Keitel and Jodl

Organization of the Wehrmacht, Third Reich and Nazi Party with Power balance of Germany during WW2. back to PART I about the Wehrmacht Organization of the Wehrmacht In March 1939 the operational control of the Armed Forces was unified under… learn more

1st SS Panzer Division Leibstandarte-SS-Adolf Hitler

Junior officer followed by soldiers of LAH

Creation, organization, commanders, actions, particularities and the end of the 1st SS Panzer Division Leibstandarte-SS-Adolf Hitler. Designations SS-Stabswache Berlin (March 17, 1933) SS-Sonderkommando Berlin (May 8, 1933) SS-Sonderkommando Zossen (May 10, 1933) SS-Sonderkommando Jüterborg (July 8, 1933) Adolf Hitler Standarte… learn more