Diary July 21, 1942

briefing of Japanese aircraft crews

WW2 War Diary for Tuesday, July 21, 1942: Pazifik New Guinea: Japanese division lands at Buna, north of Port Moresby, which they plan to capture by advancing over Owen Stanley Mountains. learn more

Diary July 21, 1917

Kerensky

World War One Diary for Saturday, July 21, 1917: Home Fronts Russia: Kerensky orders arrest of only 6 Bolsheviks (excluding Trotsky) and allows only voluntary disarming. Britain: Lloyd George says 1917-18 food supplies already secured. Churchill speech at Dundee ‘We… learn more

Diary July 20, 1942

British 4.5in howitzer is firing

WW2 War Diary for Monday, July 20, 1942: Air War Arctic: Russian planes bomb airfields in North Norway. Western Europa: 200 Spitfire V fighters strafe ‘targets of opportunity’ over Northern France (1 aircraft collides with a tree). learn more

Diary July 20, 1917

Turkish troops in Palestine

World War One Diary for Friday, July 20, 1917: Middle East Turkey: Army Group Kommando F formed to control German troops. Palestine: British 54th Division (over 100 casualties) trench raids southwest of Umbrella Hill causing over 118 casualties and MG… learn more

Diary July 19, 1942

Lunch break at a Russian fighter squadron

WW2 War Diary for Sunday, July 19, 1942: Air War Eastern Front: Captain Antonio Lavat, commander of Esquadra Azul (‘Blue Squadron’) – Spanish volunteer fighter unit in Russia – killed in action. learn more

Diary July 19, 1917

Kerensky

World War One Diary for Thursday, July 19, 1917: Home Fronts Russia: Kerensky succeeds Prince Lvov as Prime Minister after news of German breakthrough. In Petrograd last 500 rebels surrender to General Polovtsev. Finnish Scim proclaims Finland’s autonomy. Germany: Crown… learn more

Diary July 18, 1942

Me 262 V3 lands after its first flight

WW2 War Diary for Saturday, July 18, 1942: Home Fronts Germany: First flight of Me 262 V3, prototype jet fighter, at Leipheim, near Ulm. Air War Germany: Lancaster bombers fly daylight mission to the Ruhr and bomb Duisburg. learn more

Diary July 18, 1917

Russian PoWs move with their machine guns

World War One Diary for Wednesday, July 18, 1917: Eastern Front Western Russia – Battle of Dvinsk (until July 25): German Armeeabteilung D (Kirchbach) repels Denikin’s West Front. Sea War Mediterranean: French tell Greek Minister of Marine, Fleet to be… learn more

Diary July 17, 1942

German pontoon bridge across the river Donets

WW2 War Diary for Friday, July 17, 1942: Eastern Front Ukraine: Germans capture Voroshilovgrad, chief town of Donets coalfield. learn more

Diary July 17, 1917

Bolshevik rising attempt

World War One Diary for Tuesday, July 17, 1917: Home Fronts Russia: Justice Ministry documents allege Lenin a German agent (until July 18) as do other sources. 6,000 Kronstadt sailors join Red rising but Cossacks begin charges as troops arrive… learn more

Diary July 16, 1942

APC SdKfz 251 is loaded

WW2 War Diary for Thursday, July 16, 1942: Sea War Mediterranean: Turkish tanker Antares torpedoed by Italian submarine Alagi and beached on Lebanon coast. learn more

Diary July 16, 1917

July demonstartion in Petrrograd

World War One Diary for Monday, July 16, 1917: Home Fronts Russian ‘July Days’ Rising (­until July 19): abortive part-Trotsky inspired revolt in Petrograd, Lenin returns on July 17 and calls it off. Southern Fronts Salonika: Mutinies in French 57th… learn more

Diary July 15, 1942

Formation of Spitfire Vb's

WW2 War Diary for Wednesday, July 15, 1942: Air War Western Europa: 200 Spitfire Mk Vs carry out offensive sweep over Northern France. Wing Commander ‘Paddy’ Finucane – 21-year-old ‘ace’ (32 victories) – shot down and killed by machine gun… learn more

Diary July 15, 1917

Short seaplanes

World War One Diary for Sunday, July 15, 1917: Air War Southern Turkey: 4 Royal Navy Air Service Short seaplanes from HMS Empress report hits on cotton factories near Adana. Empress aircraft later starts fires in Beirut quay warehouses in… learn more

Diary July 14, 1942

commander of the 7th Bersaglieri Regiment of the Italian XXI Corps goes into captivity

WW2 War Diary for Tuesday, July 14, 1942: Occupied Territories France: Free French movement is renamed La France Combattante. Home Fronts India: Congress Party Working Committee calls for ending of British rule and campaign of ‘civil disobedience’. learn more

Diary July 14, 1917

Gas victims

World War One Diary for Saturday, July 14, 1917: Western Front Flanders: Between July 14 and August 4 German artillery fire 1 million rounds (2,500t) of mustard gas shell at British between Nieuport and Armentieres; 14,726 gassed (500 deaths). Champagne:… learn more

Diary July 13, 1942

Japanese submarine

WW2 War Diary for Monday, July 13, 1942: Sea War Pacific: 3 Japanese submarines operate off Sydney (5 ships sunk in July to August). Secret War USA: Roosevelt creates Office of Strategic Services (OSS) to replace COI; names Donovan as… learn more

Diary July 13, 1917

Dr Michaelis

World War One Diary for Friday, July 13, 1917: Politics Germany: Bethmann resigns as Imperial German Chancellor, Dr Michaelis (unknown to Kaiser) succeeds on July 14. Foreign minister Zimmermann resigns on July 15. Home Fronts France: General Petroleum Committee formed.… learn more

Diary July 12, 1942

Advance of German infantry through the southern Russian steppes

WW2 War Diary for Sunday, July 12, 1942: Eastern Front Stalingrad: ‘Stalingrad Front’ army group established to defend city. Home Fronts USA: Stern Park Gardens, near Joliet (Illinois), renamed ‘Lidice’ in honour of the martyred Czech village. learn more

Diary July 12, 1917

Gassed

World War One Diary for Thursday, July 12, 1917: Western Front Flanders – FIRST USE OF MUSTARD GAS: Germans fire 50,000 rounds (125t) at British near Ypres (Allies dub it Yperite), 2,490 gassed (87 deaths), mainly in 15th Division. Sea… learn more