Diary July 21, 1942

briefing of Japanese aircraft crews

WW2 War Diary for Tuesday, July 21, 1942: Pazifik New Guinea: Japanese division lands at Buna, north of Port Moresby, which they plan to capture by advancing over Owen Stanley Mountains. learn more

Diary July 20, 1942

British 4.5in howitzer is firing

WW2 War Diary for Monday, July 20, 1942: Air War Arctic: Russian planes bomb airfields in North Norway. Western Europa: 200 Spitfire V fighters strafe ‘targets of opportunity’ over Northern France (1 aircraft collides with a tree). learn more

Diary July 19, 1942

Lunch break at a Russian fighter squadron

WW2 War Diary for Sunday, July 19, 1942: Air War Eastern Front: Captain Antonio Lavat, commander of Esquadra Azul (‘Blue Squadron’) – Spanish volunteer fighter unit in Russia – killed in action. learn more

Diary July 18, 1942

Me 262 V3 lands after its first flight

WW2 War Diary for Saturday, July 18, 1942: Home Fronts Germany: First flight of Me 262 V3, prototype jet fighter, at Leipheim, near Ulm. Air War Germany: Lancaster bombers fly daylight mission to the Ruhr and bomb Duisburg. learn more

Diary July 17, 1942

German pontoon bridge across the river Donets

WW2 War Diary for Friday, July 17, 1942: Eastern Front Ukraine: Germans capture Voroshilovgrad, chief town of Donets coalfield. learn more

Diary July 16, 1942

APC SdKfz 251 is loaded

WW2 War Diary for Thursday, July 16, 1942: Sea War Mediterranean: Turkish tanker Antares torpedoed by Italian submarine Alagi and beached on Lebanon coast. learn more

Diary July 15, 1942

Formation of Spitfire Vb's

WW2 War Diary for Wednesday, July 15, 1942: Air War Western Europa: 200 Spitfire Mk Vs carry out offensive sweep over Northern France. Wing Commander ‘Paddy’ Finucane – 21-year-old ‘ace’ (32 victories) – shot down and killed by machine gun… learn more

Diary July 14, 1942

commander of the 7th Bersaglieri Regiment of the Italian XXI Corps goes into captivity

WW2 War Diary for Tuesday, July 14, 1942: Occupied Territories France: Free French movement is renamed La France Combattante. Home Fronts India: Congress Party Working Committee calls for ending of British rule and campaign of ‘civil disobedience’. learn more

Diary July 13, 1942

Japanese submarine

WW2 War Diary for Monday, July 13, 1942: Sea War Pacific: 3 Japanese submarines operate off Sydney (5 ships sunk in July to August). Secret War USA: Roosevelt creates Office of Strategic Services (OSS) to replace COI; names Donovan as… learn more

Diary July 12, 1942

Advance of German infantry through the southern Russian steppes

WW2 War Diary for Sunday, July 12, 1942: Eastern Front Stalingrad: ‘Stalingrad Front’ army group established to defend city. Home Fronts USA: Stern Park Gardens, near Joliet (Illinois), renamed ‘Lidice’ in honour of the martyred Czech village. learn more

Diary July 11, 1942

Knocked out Italian M14/41 tank

WW2 War Diary for Saturday, July 11, 1942: Air War Europe: Lancaster bombers raid Schichau U-boat yards at Danzig in thunderstorm (longest daylight raid to date); several aircraft stray over west Sweden and Swedish fighters are scrambled. Sea War Mediterranean:… learn more

Diary July 10, 1942

submarines are supplied by a U-tanker

WW2 War Diary for Friday, July 10, 1942: Sea War Atlantic: German U-boats U-160 and U-66 commence successful operations around Trinidad (15 ships sunk in 2 months). learn more

Diary July 9, 1942

Anne Frank in October 1942

WW2 War Diary for Thursday, July 9, 1942: Occupied Territories Holland: Anne Frank and family (Dutch Jews) go into hiding in the Prinsengacacht, a large building in centre of Amsterdam. Here they remain for next 2 years until betrayed to… learn more

Diary July 8, 1942

British Artillery Forward Observation Officer correcting fire

WW2 War Diary for Wednesday, July 8, 1942: Occupied Territories France: Death of Marshal Franchet d’Esperey, hero of the Salonika Campaign, where he crushed the German-Bulgarian forces in 10 days (September 1918). Aged 86. learn more

Diary July 7, 1942

German tank regiment advancing

WW2 War Diary for Tuesday, July 7, 1942: Eastern Front Ukraine: German troops capture Voronezh on river Don, 300 miles northwest of Stalingrad. Sea War Baltic: Russian marines attempt to seize Someri Island in Gulf of Finland, but are routed… learn more

Diary July 7, 1917

bombs on a Gotha bomber.

World War One Diary for Saturday, July 7, 1917: Air War Britain: 22 Gotha bombers (2 lost including 1 shot down, 3 written off in crash landings on return) attack London with 4.3t bombs on City and East End (roof… learn more

Diary July 6, 1942

merchant ship is sunk

WW2 War Diary for Monday, July 6, 1942: Sea War Atlantic: U-boat U-132 attacks convoy in Gulf of St Lawrence and sinks 3 ships. Air War Britain: Incendiary raid on Middlesbrough (night July 6-7). learn more

Diary July 5, 1942

First Battle of El Alamein': a Stuart 'Honey' tank

WW2 War Diary for Sunday, July 5, 1942: Eastern Front Ukraine: Germans reach river Don, near Voronezh. Sea War Pacific: 4 Japanese destroyers torpedoed by US submarines off Aleutian Islands. Arare and Nenohi sunk; Kasumi and Shiranuhi damaged. learn more

Diary July 4, 1942

estroyer and a merchant ship under the attack of German aircraft

WW2 War Diary for Saturday, July 4, 1942: Sea War Arctic: DESTRUCTION OF ARCTIC CONVOY PQ.17. Following damaging attacks by German torpedo planes and U-boats and threatening movements by battleship Tirpitz with heavy cruisers Admiral Scheer and Lützow, convoy is… learn more

Diary July 3, 1942

destroyed gun turrets of the Fort Maxim Gorky

WW2 War Diary for Friday, July 3, 1942: Eastern Front Crimea: SIEGE SEBASTOPOL ENDS. Politics Egypt: Axis Powers promise the country complete independence and national sovereignty. Air War Germany: 263 RAF bombers attacking Bremen and dropping 511t of bombs. learn more