Diary August 31, 1940

Hurricane as night fighter

Diary for Saturday, August 31, 1940: Air War German raids on Biggin Hill, Debden, Hornchurch and Eastchurch airfields and Croydon Airport. Losses: German, 38; British, 34. 140 bombers raid Liverpool and Merseyside (night August 30-September 1): Battleship Prince of Wales… learn more

Diary August 30, 1940

Hungarian military parade

Diary for Friday, August 30, 1940: Politics The Vienna Award: Hitler imposes settlement of territorial dispute between Hungary and Rumania, under which the former is to receive northern Transylvania. Air War Battle of Britain (Day 52): devastating attacks on Biggin… learn more

Diary August 29, 1940

Headquarters of RAF Fighter Command

Diary for Thursday, August 29, 1940: Air War Battle of Britain (Day 51): 720 Messerschmitt Bf 109Es carry out sweeps over Kent but fail to provoke large-scale fighter-v-fighter combats (RAF fighters are being conserved for attacks on bomber formations). learn more

Diary August 28, 1940

Me 109 Es of IIIrd Group of Jagdgeschwader 26

Diary for Wednesday, August 28, 1940: Air War Battle of Britain (Day 50): German bombers raid Eastchurch and Rochford airfields and Me 109Es carry out sweeps over southeast England. A second Defiant squadron (see July 19, 1940) is virtually destroyed… learn more

Diary August 27, 1940

German landing exercise

Diary for Tuesday, August 27, 1940: Sea War Hitler modifies Operation Sea Lion invasion Plan: landings to be made on narrow front’, Eastbourne-Folkestone, in preference to earlier ‘broad front’ proposal. RAF Coastal Command begins anti-U-boat patrols from Iceland, using Fairey… learn more

Diary August 26, 1940

Downed Do 17 bomber

Diary for Monday, August 26, 1940: Air War Battle of Britain (Day 48): Attempted raids on airfields round London, including Debden (heavy damage), and Portsmouth area. Losses: German, 31; British, 27. Night raids on Birmingham, Coventry and Plymouth. Sea War… learn more

Diary August 25, 1940

Picture taken from one of the bombers of the first RAF night rain on Berlin

Diary for Sunday, August 25, 1940: Air War FIRST RAF NIGHT RAID ON BERLIN: 81 bombers despatched, but many fail to find target; slight damage in city centre and suburbs. Raids on other targets inc. Cologne, Hamm and Boulogne. Total… learn more

Diary August 24, 1940

One of the first bombs on London

Diary for Saturday, August 24, 1940: Air War Heavy raids on airfields in southeastern England: Manston evacuated; North Weald and Hornchurch also hard hit. Residential areas of Portsmouth and Ramsgate bombed. Losses: German, 30; British, 23. German bomber crews, ordered… learn more

Diary August 23, 1940

He 115 loading torpedo

Diary for Friday, August 23, 1940: Sea War Heinkel He 115 seaplanes torpedo two cargo ships and damage third in Moray Firth. learn more

Diary August 22, 1940

coastal convoy under fire from German cross-Channel guns

Diary for Thursday, August 22, 1940: Sea War German super-heavy artillery bombards convoy for 80 minutes (no hits). Fire switched to Dover town in evening; British 14-inch gun replies (first of many cross-Channel ‘duels’). learn more

Diary August 21, 1940

Trotsky leaving Russia

Diary for Wednesday, August 21, 1940: Secret War Leon Trotsky, exiled Russian Revolutionary leader and founder of Red Army, assassinated by NKVD agent in Mexico City; aged 61. learn more

Diary August 20, 1940

Churchill's slogan: 'let us go forward together !'

Diary for Tuesday, August 20, 1940: Home Fronts Britain: Churchill praises RAF Fighter Command (the ‘Few’). Sea War Mediterranean: Italian Navy to carry out ‘total blockade’ of Gibraltar, Malta, Suez and other British possessions. Pacific: German disguised raider Orion sinks… learn more