Diary June 30, 1941

from British captivity escaped German fighter pilot von Werra

Diary for Monday, June 30, 1941: Air War Eastern Front: Elite German fighter wing JG 51 shoots down 100 Russian bombers attacking Guderian’s Panzers east of Minsk. The commander, Moelders, personally destroys 5 bombers. First air raid alert in Moscow… learn more

Diary June 29, 1941

Colonel General Eduard Dietl

Diary for Sunday, June 29, 1941: Eastern Front Operation Silberfuchs (‘Silver Fox): German ski troops (Gebirgskorps) led by ‘Dietl of Narvik’, begin advance from north Finland towards Murmansk. Three successive attacks fail due to considerable supply difficulties in the rough… learn more

Diary June 28, 1941

German troops in Minsk

Diary for Saturday, June 28, 1941: Eastern Front Operation Barbarossa: German troops capture Minsk. Air War Mediterranean: Junkers Ju 88 bombers drop 3,970 lb (1,800 kg) ‘block-buster’ bombs on besieged fortress of Brest-Litovsk (in former Russian-occupied Poland). Garrison surrenders on… learn more

Diary June 27, 1941

Tanks of Panzer Group 2 advance

Diary for Friday, June 27, 1941: Politics Hungary: Government declares war on Russia. Russia: British military mission arrives in Moscow. Sea War Atlantic: German blockade runner Regensburg reaches Bordeaux after hazardous voyage from Dairen (Port Arthur), Manchuria. Air War Mediterranean:… learn more

Diary June 26, 1941

important road bridge across the Dvina at Daugavplis

Diary for Thursday, June 26, 1941: Eastern Front Operation Barbarossa: German Panzers reach river Dvina and Daugavpils. Siege of Hango: Russian garrison holds out in naval base, west of Helsinki, until evacuated, December 1941. Italian expeditionary force to be sent… learn more

Diary June 25, 1941

Pe-2 is loaded with bombs

Diary for Wednesday, June 25, 1941: Air War Eastern Front: Russians bomb Helsinki and five other Finnish towns. Western Europe: Blenheim bombers, under heavy fighter escort, bomb Hazebrouck marshalling yards, Northern France – blowing up munitions train and bridge. Neutrals… learn more

Diary June 24, 1941

German infantry Lithuanian Road

Diary for Tuesday, June 24, 1941: Eastern Front Operation Barbarossa: German troops take Kaunas and Vilna in Lithuania. Politics Hungary: Government breaks off diplomatic relations with Russia. learn more

Diary June 23, 1941

Break of the advance party of a German Panzer division

Diary for Monday, June 23, 1941: Eastern Front Operation Barbarossa: Germans cross river Bug, Eastern Poland. Politics Slovakia declares war on USSR. see also: Slovak Armed Forces learn more

Diary June 22, 1941

Ribbentrop announces Russian war

Diary for Sunday, June 22, 1941: Politics GERMANY DECLARES WAR ON USSR. ITALY AND RUMANIA DECLARE WAR ON USSR. Churchill pledges British material and moral support for USSR. Eastern Front GERMAN INVASION OF RUSSIA (Operation Barbarossa) along 2,900 km front… learn more

Diary June 21, 1941

Wavell with O'Connor

Diary for Saturday, June 21, 1941: North Africa After the failing of Operation Battleaxe, Auchinleck succeeds Wavell as British CinC Middle East. Wavell appointed CinC India. Middle East Free French forces occupy Damascus. Occupied countries Yugoslavia: King Peter and Yugoslav… learn more

Diary June 20, 1941

Marshal Mannerheim.

Diary for Friday, June 20, 1941: Neutrals Finland: General mobilization. USA: Major-General H H ‘Hap’ Arnold appointed Chief of US Army Air Forces. Roosevelt describes torpedoing of SS Robin Moor on May 21 as an ‘act of piracy’. learn more

Diary June 19, 1941

Me 110 heavy fighters fly off the African coast

Diary for Thursday, June 19, 1941: Sea War Mediterranean – Tobruk Ferry: Australian and British destroyers and sloops (11 vessels) carry out frequent night supply and troop transport missions from Alexandria and Mersa Matruh to the besieged Tobruk (June 19-20… learn more

Diary June 18, 1941

Robert Watson-Watt

Diary for Wednesday, June 18, 1941: Secret War British radar development, under Watson-Watt, is revealed in the Press as ‘Detection of Enemy Aircraft by Ether Waves’. Politics German-Turkish non-aggression pact. Neutrals USA: Joe Louis defends World Heavyweight Boxing title, knocking… learn more

Diary June 17, 1941

old Jew is arrested by two members of the Jewish ghetto police

Diary for Tuesday, June 17, 1941: Middle East Fierce fighting at Kuneitra (Syria), which twice changes hands. learn more

Diary June 16, 1941

art market on the left bank of the Seine

Diary for Monday, June 16, 1941: Neutrals USA: Roosevelt orders closing of all German consulates by July 15. Sea War Mediterranean: Vichy destroyer Chevalier Paul, carrying ammunition to Syria, sunk by British torpedo-bombers. learn more

Diary June 15, 1941

RAF Catalina

Diary for Sunday, June 15, 1941: Air War Catalina flying-boat routs four German aircraft off Gibraltar (1 crashing in Portugal). Middle East Allied forces capture Sidon. learn more

Diary June 14, 1941

German 88-mm-gun Operation Battleaxe

Diary for Saturday, June 14, 1941: North Africa OPERATION BATTLEAXE begins: British attempt to raise siege of Tobruk achieves initial success (at cost of many tanks), but Rommel counter-attacks (June 17) and operation is abandoned. Air War First of month-long… learn more

Diary June 13, 1941

German seaplanes He 59

Diary for Friday, June 13, 1941: Sea War Ferry steamer St Patrick sunk by German aircraft in Irish Sea off Fishguard (23 killed). Air War Britain: Attempted night raid on Chatham naval base completely misfires: bombs scattered widely over South… learn more

Diary June 12, 1941

German air raid poster

Diary for Thursday, June 12, 1941: Home Front Germany: Berlin civil defence authority warns the population to take immediate shelter in air raids owing to danger posed by heavy HE bombs and mines, which have caused ‘a great number of… learn more

Diary June 11, 1941

Stirling bomber loaded with bombs

Diary for Wednesday, June 11, 1941: Air War Germany: RAF begins series of 20 consecutive night raids on the Ruhr, the Rhineland, Hamburg and Bremen. Britain: Widespread German night raids over England; leaflets dropped over rural areas in East Anglia… learn more