Diary July 31, 1941

'Final Solution'

Diary for Thursday, July 31, 1941: Home Fronts Germany: THE ‘FINAL SOLUTION’ ORDER. Goering, on Hitler‘s instructions, orders Heydrich to make ‘all necessary preparations … for bringing about the complete solution of the Jewish question’. Neutrals USA: Roosevelt establishes Economic… learn more

Diary July 30, 1941

carrier HMS 'Furious'.

Diary for Wednesday, July 30, 1941: Sea War Polar Sea: British carriers Victorious and Furious raid Petsamo (Finland) and Kirkenes (Norway). 13 of 29 aircraft from Victorious are shot down over Kirkenes. Secret War Pacific: 17 Japanese ‘fishing boats’, each… learn more

Diary July 29, 1941

Propaganda poster of 'Reichsluftschutzbund'

Diary for Tuesday, July 29, 1941: Home Fronts Germany: General Ludwig von Schroeder, former head of civil defence and president of 13,000,000-strong ‘Air Raid Protection League’, dies of injuries received in air crash near Belgrade. Politics Vichy-Japanese Agreement on surrender… learn more

Diary July 28, 1941

tactical base of the Regia Aeronautica

Diary for Monday, July 28, 1941: Air War Mediterranean: RAF destroy 36 aircraft during raids on airfields in Sicily. General Federigi, CO Italian Regia Aeronautica in Central Mediterranean, reported killed in action over Malta. Politics Oil exports from Netherlands East… learn more

Diary July 27, 1941

Air raid helper rescue a buried man

Diary for Sunday, July 27, 1941: Air War Britain: Night raid on London by 50 aircraft (4 lost). learn more

Diary July 26, 1941

cockpit of a Japanese long-range reconnaissance plane Mitsubishi G3M2

Diary for Saturday, July 26, 1941: Occupied Countries France: Marx Dormoy, former Minister of Interior and outspoken critic of Vichy Government, killed by terrorist bomb; aged 51. Politics Japan: All Japanese assets in USA and UK frozen. learn more

Diary July 25, 1941

Italian 'human torpedoes' Maiale (pig)

Diary for Friday, July 25, 1941: Sea War Mediterranean: Attempted night raid on shipping in Grand Harbour, Malta, by Italian explosive boats and ‘human torpedoes’. learn more

Diary July 24, 1941

Heavy cruiser Prinz Eugen in Brest

Diary for Thursday, July 24, 1941: Air War France: 149 RAF bombers attack Brest, Cherbourg and La Pallice where battlecruiser Scharnhorst is damaged. learn more

Diary July 23, 1941

biplanes Hs 123

Diary for Wednesday, July 23, 1941: Far East Indo-China: Vichy French permit Japanese to establish naval and air bases in south Indo-China. learn more

Diary July 22, 1941

Russian heavy KV-2 tank

Diary for Tuesday, July 22, 1941: Eastern Front Operation Barbarossa: German spearheads halt for rest and recuperation near lake Ilmen, south of Leningrad. Sea War Atlantic: German battlecruiser Scharnhorst transferred from Brest to La Pallice (bombed there, July 23). Home… learn more

Diary July 21, 1941

Russian civilians watching destructions in Moscow

Diary for Monday, July 21, 1941: Air War Operation Barbarossa: MOSCOW ‘BLITZ’ commences with raid by 127 aircraft (night July 21-22), led by He 111 pathfinders of KGr.100 and KGr.26. 110 tons of bombs dropped, but strong anti-aircraft defences prevent… learn more

Diary July 20, 1941

ruins of Minsk

Diary for Sunday, July 20, 1941: Home Fronts Russia: Stalin becomes People’s Commissar for Defence. learn more