Diary August 31, 1942

CA Saratoga

WW2 War Diary for Monday, August 31, 1942: Sea War Pacific: Carrier Saratoga torpedoed by Japanese submarine I-26 in Solomons. Merchant shipping losses in August 1942: 106 Allied ships with 543,920 tons in Atlantic, 17 Allied ships with 117,213 tons… learn more

Diary August 30, 1942

German 105mm leFH18 field gun is shelling British positions

World War One Diary for Sunday, August 30, 1942: Africa Alamein – BATTLE OF ALAM HALFA (August 30-September 4): Rommel attempts to outflank El Alamein ‘Line’, but his Panzers are starved of fuel and harassed repeatedly from the air. New… learn more

Diary August 29, 1942

Russian bomber crew member

WW2 War Diary for Saturday, August 29, 1942: Air War Germany: Russian night raids on Berlin and Koenigsberg. learn more

Diary August 28, 1942

Yokosuka E 14Y1

WW2 War Diary for Friday, August 28, 1942: Sea War Pacific: Seaplane, launched from Japanese submarine I-25, drops incendiaries over Oregon forest (night August 28-29; repeated September 9-10). Air War Britain: Single bomb dropped by high-altitude Ju 86P kills 48… learn more

Diary August 27, 1942

German propaganda in France

WW2 War Diary for Thursday, August 27, 1942: Occupied Territories France: Hitler orders release of 800 French PoWs as reward for ‘exemplary conduct’ of civil population during Allied raid on Dieppe. Air War Finland: Night raid on Helsinki by 60… learn more

Diary August 26, 1942

most advanced German position at the river Volga

WW2 War Diary for Wednesday, August 26, 1942: Pacific New Guinea: Japanese land at Milne Bay, southeast of Port Moresby. Air War Germany: Russian night raids on Berlin, August 26-27 and 28-29 (4-engined bombers used in latter operation). Home Fronts… learn more

Diary August 25, 1942

On the back of tanks German troops rushing

WW2 War Diary for Tuesday, August 25, 1942: Eastern Front Stalingrad: Communist Party Committee of city proclaims state of siege: ‘We shall never surrender the city of our birth; every house of every street is to be transformed into an… learn more

Diary August 24, 1942

Dauntless dive bombers on a US carrier

WW2 War Diary for Monday, August 24, 1942: Air War North Africa: Stripped-down Spitfire destroys Ju 86R high-altitude reconnaissance aircraft over Suez Canal. Sea War Pacific – BATTLE OF THE EASTERN SOLOMONS: Japanese make fruitless attempt to land reinforcements on… learn more

Diary August 23, 1942

Air raid on Stalingrad

WW2 War Diary for Sunday, August 23, 1942: Air War Eastern Front – STALINGRAD ‘TERROR’ RAID: 600 German bombers, Stukas and Ju 52 bomber/transports attack city throughout night August 23-24 (many crews make up to 3 sorties). Incendiaries start vast… learn more

Diary August 22, 1942

assault gun StuG Ausf.F with Panzergrenadiers

WW2 War Diary for Saturday, August 22, 1942: Eastern Front Stalingrad: Panzers make narrow breach in Russian line at Vertyachi, north of the city. Home Fronts USA: Death of Michael Fokine, Russian choreographer and ballet master, in New York; aged… learn more

Diary August 21, 1942

US Marines fighting patrol Guadalcanal

WW2 War Diary for Friday, August 21, 1942: Pacific Solomons – BATTLE OF TENARU RIVER: US Marines annihilate first contingent of Japanese reinforcements on Guadalcanal. Eastern Front Caucasus: Germans plant Swastika flag on Mt. Elbruz, highest mountain in the Caucasus.… learn more

Diary August 20, 1942

Dauntless dive-bomber of the 'Cactus Air Force'

WW2 War Diary for Thursday, August 20, 1942: Air War Pacific: US F4F Wildcat fighters and Dauntless dive-bombers flown into Henderson Field (Guadalcanal), called the ‘Cactus Air Force’. Eastern Front: Squadron-Leader Stephen Horthy, Vice-Regent of Hungary, killed in action over… learn more

Diary August 19, 1942

beach of Dieppe after the raid

WW2 War Diary for Wednesday, August 19, 1942: Western Front France – DIEPPE RAID (Operation Jubilee): 6,100 Canadian troops and British Commandos (including elements of an US Ranger bataillon) with 30 new Churchill tanks carry out trial invasion, but are… learn more

Diary August 18, 1942

General Montgomery at Alamein

WW2 War Diary for Tuesday, August 18, 1942: Africa Alamein: General Alexander appointed C-in-C Middle East, in place of Auchinleck; Lieutenant-general Montgomery replaces Ritchie as GOC 8th Army – special announcement. learn more

Diary August 17, 1942

B-17 for the first US bombing raid

WW2 War Diary for Monday, August 17, 1942: Air War Western Europe: FIRST ‘ALL-AMERICAN’ BOMBING RAID OVER EUROPE IN WW2. 12 B-17 Fortress bombers of 8th AAF, led by Brigade-General Eaker in ‘Yankee Doodle’, attack Rouen marshalling yards; 4 Spitfire… learn more

Diary August 16, 1942

cruiser 'Admiral Scheer'

WW2 War Diary for Sunday, August 16, 1942: Sea War Arctic – Operation Wunderland (August 16-30): Heavy cruiser Admiral Scheer penetrates into Kara Sea to attack Russian shipping. Secret War Pacific – The Makin Raid: US Marines (Carlson’s Raiders) land… learn more

Diary August 15, 1942

US tanker Ohio is towed into Grand Harbour

WW2 War Diary for Saturday, August 15, 1942: Air War Europe: Pathfinder Force established within RAF Bomber Command under Air Commander Bennett. (First operation against Flensburg shipyards, night August 18-19.) learn more

Diary August 14, 1942

SM79-Torpedobomber

WW2 War Diary for Friday, August 14, 1942: Sea War Mediterranean: 74 German and Italian aircraft, 2 submarines and an MTB make unsuccessful attacks on British cruiser-destroyer escort force returning Gibraltar from Operation Pedestal. learn more

Diary August 13, 1942

Italian cruisers

WW2 War Diary for Thursday, August 13, 1942: Sea War Mediterranean: Powerful force of Italian cruisers and destroyers departs Naples to strike battered Convoy Pedestal, but turns back when the promised close air cover fails to appear. Cruisers Bolzano and… learn more

Diary August 12, 1942

Panzers at the Caucasus

WW2 War Diary for Wednesday, August 12, 1942: Politics Russia – First Moscow Conference: Churchill informs Stalin that there can be no ‘Second Front’ in Europe until 1943 and reveals details of Operation Torch. learn more