War Diary October 31, 1944

Shermans fire on Gothic line

War Diary for Tuesday, October 31, 1944: Russian Front German Army Group North trapped in Courland Peninsular (Lithuania) where it remains until May 1945. Air War Germany: RAF daylight raid on Bottrop oil plant (Ruhr). Sea War Merchant shipping losses… learn more

War Diary October 30, 1944

Belleau Wood burns after a kamikaze hit

War Diary for Monday, October 30, 1944: Occupied Countries Greece: Government-in-Exile bans ELAS National Militia. Air War Germany: 761 RAF bombers attacking Cologne and dropping 3,937 t of bombs. learn more

War Diary October 29, 1944

Battleship Tirpitz in Norway

War Diary for Sunday, October 29, 1944: Western Front Polish Division captures Breda in Holland. Air War Europe: Lancaster bombers attempt to bomb battleship Tirpitz at Tromsö. learn more

War Diary October 28, 1944

Bruno bunker Bergen

War Diary for Saturday, October 28, 1944: Air War Europe: 700 RAF bombers raid Cologne. Lancaster bombers attack U-boat pens at Bergen (Norway). Politics ALLIED-BULGARIAN ARMISTICE signed in Moscow: Bulgaria to relinquish occupied areas of Greece and Yugoslavia; pay reparations… learn more

War Diary October 27, 1944

US soldiers on Leyte

War Diary for Friday, October 27, 1944: Air War Pacific: Tacloban airstrip (Leyte) operational: 9th USAAF Fighter Squadron flies first mission by Philippines-based US fighters since 1942. Europe: Field Marshal von Richthofen, ex-commander of elite close-support force, Flieger­korps VIII in… learn more

War Diary October 26, 1944

Pennsylvania bombards land targets on Leyte.

War Diary for Thursday, October 26, 1944: Western Front British cross the Scheldt and land on South Beveland (secured by October 30). Home Fronts Britain: Death of Princess Beatrice, favourite daughter of Queen Victoria; aged 87. Death of influential and… learn more

War Diary October 25, 1944

Russian anti-submarine ship

War Diary for Wednesday, October 25, 1944: Air War Germany: RAF daylight raids on Essen and Homburg oil refinery, near Duisburg. Further massive 8th USAAF attack on Hamm. Sea War Russians land near Petsamo (Finland) and Kirkenes (Norway); operations suspended… learn more

War Diary October 24, 1944

US escort carrier St Lo explodes

War Diary for Tuesday, October 24, 1944: Sea War Pacific: BATTLE OF LEYTE GULF (October 24-26): 2 Japanese fleets converge on Leyte in desperate bid to destroy US invasion fleet by surface bombardment; 4 carriers are to be sacri­ficed as… learn more

War Diary October 23, 1944

victims in goldap

War Diary for Monday, October 23, 1944: Russian Front Russians now hold 137-km front in East Prussia. Italy 5th US Army troops capture Monte Salvaro. Air War Germany: 955 RAF planes drop 4,538 t. bombs in night October 23-24 on… learn more

War Diary October 22, 1944

Montgomery with Crerar

War Diary for Sunday, October 22, 1944: Western Front 1st Canadian Army captures Breskens on Scheld Estuary. Italy British 8th Army crosses river Savio, south of Ravenna. Air War Germany: Allied Air Forces bomb Hamm, Neuss, Hamburg and numerous targets… learn more

War Diary October 21, 1944

Hachimaki - symbol of honor Kamikaze pilots

War Diary for Saturday, October 21, 1944: Western Front Americans secure Aachen. Sea War Pacific: Cruisers Honolulu and Australia (first Kamikaze attack) seriously damaged in Japanese air attack at Leyte. learn more

War Diary October 20, 1944

LSM approaching beach of Leyte

War Diary for Friday, October 20, 1944: Sea War Pacific – US 6th ARMY LANDS IN LEYTE GULF (Philippines): MacArthur wades ashore and declares: ‘I have returned’. He calls upon Filipinos to rise and strike blow after blow against Japanese.… learn more

War Diary October 19, 1944

British and Gurkha troops

War Diary for Thursday, October 19, 1944: Burma British capture Tiddim. Air War Germany: 135 USAAF bombers attacking Mainz. USAAF bombers attacking Mannheim and dropping 2,025 t of bombs. learn more

War Diary October 18, 1944

Sundays military shooting of Volkssturm men

War Diary for Wednesday, October 18, 1944: Home Fronts Germany: Deutscher Volkssturm established (equivalent to British Home Guard). Himmler speaks at first parade and calls on every German to resist impending invasion by guerilla tactics. They must fight ‘like werewolves… learn more

War Diary October 17, 1944

US Admiral King with First Sea Lord Sir Dudley Pound

War Diary for Tuesday, October 17, 1944: Air War Europa: RAF makes 3,000 t. raids on German garrisons trapped at Boulogne and Calais (October 17 and 20). Sea War Pacific: Admiral Toyoda activates Plan Sho (‘Victory’) in response to US… learn more

War Diary October 16, 1944

rationed consumer goods germany

War Diary for Monday, October 16, 1944: Western Front US forces close the ring around Aachen. Occupied Countries Hungary: Ferenc Szalasi, leader of fascist ‘Arrow Cross’ Party appointed acting-Regent and ‘Royal Hungarian Premier’; his followers launch reign of terror against… learn more

War Diary October 15, 1944

Admiral Nikolaus Horthy

War Diary for Sunday, October 15, 1944: Air War Germany: Daylight raid on Sorpe Dam: Lancaster bombers obtain direct hits on vast earthwork-concrete structure with 12,000-lb DA bombs. Occupied Countries Hungary: Skorzeny and SS men kidnap son of Regent Horthy;… learn more

War Diary October 14, 1944

destroyed Cologne

WW2 War Diary for Saturday, October 14, 1944: Air War Europe: 2,000 RAF BOMBERS RAID DUISBURG. 1,063 bombers (14 lost), escorted by 300 fighters, drop 5,000 t. bombs by day; 1,005 (6 lost) drop 4,500 t. in 2 night attacks;… learn more

War Diary October 13, 1944

M2 105mm howitzer firing

WW2 War Diary for Friday, October 13, 1944: Russian Front Fall of Riga. Western Front US artillery and planes decimate panzer counter-attacking near Aachen. V-weapon bombardment of Antwerp begins. learn more

War Diary October 12, 1939

Light tanks MK VIC

WW2 War Diary for Thursday, October 12, 1939: Western Front BEF now fully deployed along Franco-Belgian border, between Maulde and Halluin. learn more