Diary March 31, 1945

Tunisian troops of the French First Army

Diary for Saturday, March 31, 1945: Western Front French start crossing the Rhine near Speyer. Russian Front Russians take Ratibor on Upper Oder. Sea War Merchant shipping losses in March 1945: 27 Allied ships with 111,204 tons in Atlantic, 0… learn more

Diary March 30, 1945

Russian tanks cross the Hungarian-Austrian border.

Diary for Friday, March 30, 1945: Russian Front Danzig stormed by Rokossovksy’s 2nd Beylorussian Front. Tolbukhin enters Austria. Air War Germany: 345 bombers of 8th USAAF attacking Wilhelmshaven, Hamburg and Bremen (2,849 t of bombs), sinking cruiser Köln, 14 U-boats… learn more

Diary March 29, 1945

B-25 Mitchells bomb a Japanese escort

Diary for Thursday, March 29, 1940: Western Front Tanks of 21st Army Group break out of Wesel bridgehead. US 7th Army captures Mannheim and Heidelberg. Air War Britain: 2,419th (and last) V-1 reaches Greater London. learn more

Diary March 28, 1945

Recovery of V-2 victims

Diary for Wednesday, March 28, 1945: Russian Front Poland: Rokossovsky captures Gdynia. Hungary: Malinovsky takes Gyor. Guderian replaced by Krebs as COS after row with Hitler. learn more

Diary March 27, 1945

M7 105mm HMC in Limburg

Diary for Tuesday, March 27, 1945: Western Front Americans reach Lim­burg. Russian Front Poland: Russians launch final attacks on Danzig and Gdynia. Sea War Baltic: 3 German E-boats attack 9 Russian ‘torpedo cutters’ (MTBs); 3 of latter sunk. Air War… learn more

Diary March 26, 1945

Rocket barrage on Japanese positions

Diary for Monday, March 26, 1945: Sea War Pacific: British Pacific Fleet (TF 57) launches first of many air strikes against airfields on Sakishima Gunto Islands between Okinawa and Formosa. Indian Ocean: British destroyers and B-24 Liberator bombers annihilate Japanese… learn more

Diary March 25, 1945

155mm M12 GMC near Hanau

Diary for Sunday, March 25, 1945: Western Front Montgomery’s 4 bridge­heads over the Rhine merge into 48­-km-wide salient. 3rd US Army captures Darmstadt and Hanau. Russian Front Hungary: Malinovsky breaks through west of Budapest, crossing river Hron and capturing Esztergom.… learn more

Diary March 24, 1945

Advancing Russian troops in Poland in March 1945

Diary for Saturday, March 24, 1945: Russian Front Poland: Russians capture Zoppot, between Danzig and Gdynia. Hungary: Tolbukhin’s forces sweep forward to Szekesfehervar (Stuhlweissenburg), 58 km southwest of Buda­pest. Western Front British Commandos occupy Wesel. Montgomery’s forces link up with… learn more

Diary March 23, 1945

US paratroopers Rhine crossing

Diary for Friday, March 23, 1945: Western Front MONTGOMERY’S 21st ARMY GROUP CROSSES THE RHINE AT WESEL (Operation Plunder): attack takes place in bright moonlight under cover of dense smoke screen and shattering artillery bombardment. Mont­gomery issues Order of the… learn more

Diary March 21, 1945

Me 262 A-1a of KG (Jagd) 54

Diary for Wednesday, March 21, 1945: Air War Europe: Mosquito bonbers destroy Gestapo HQ in Copenhagen; bombs acci­dentally dropped on nearby school kill 86 pupils and 17 teachers. 8th USAAF attacks Me 262 bases in Western Germany. Western Front Ludwigshafen… learn more

Diary March 20, 1945

infantry guarding a bridge

Diary for Tuesday, March 20, 1945: Russian Front Russians eliminate German bridgehead on lower Oder at Altdamm. Burma BRITISH CAPTURE MAN­DALAY. Home Fronts Britain: Death of Lord Alfred Douglas, poet and much-maligned friend of Oscar Wilde; aged 75. learn more

Diary March 19, 1945

USS Franklin

Diary for Monday, March 19, 1945: Air War Pacific: Carriers Wasp and Franklin severely damaged by Japanese bombers (825 killed). Sea War U-boats withdrawn from Eastern Baltic. Home Fronts Germany: Hitler orders total scorched earth policy. learn more