Diary May 31, 1945

US Marines in battle

Diary for Thursday, May 31, 1945: Okinawa 6th Marine Division runs into strong Japanese rearguard near Hill 46. Sea War Merchant shipping losses in May 1945: 3 Allied ships with 10,022 tons in Atlantic, 3 Allied ship with 7,176 tons… learn more

Diary May 30, 1945

Zhukov

Diary for Wednesday, May 30, 1945: Occupied countries Germany: Zhukov appointed Russian representative on Allied Control Commission. Iran: Foreign Minister demands withdrawal of all British, US and Russian forces. Home Fronts France: 100,000 German PoWs to be used to clear… learn more

Diary May 29, 1940

Boulton Paul P.82 Defiant

Diary for Wednesday, May 29, 1940: Air War Two elite units of Junkers Ju 88 bombers join assault on Dunkirk. Squadron of RAF Defiant two-seat fighters claim 37 ‘kills’ over Dunkirk (actual total: 14). Sea War 47,300 troops evacuated from… learn more

Diary May 29, 1945

US Marines at Shuri Castle

Diary for Tuesday, May 29, 1945: Okinawa Marines capture Shuri Castle, former Japanese HQ, and Shuri town (both are in total ruins). Syria Fighting between French forces and Syrian Nationalists in Damascus. British arrange cease-fire, May 31. Air War Pacific:… learn more

Diary May 28, 1945

US Marines before Naha, Okinawa

Diary for Monday, May 28, 1945: Okinawa US Marines advance to Naha Harbour and Kokuba Estuary. Occupied countries Germany: ‘Lord Haw-Haw‘ ‘William Joyce) captured by British troops. Sea War Atlantic: British Admiralty ends Atlantic convoy system. Pacific: US TF 58… learn more

Diary May 26, 1945

Corsairs over Okinawa

Diary for Saturday, May 26, 1945: Okinawa US guns and bombers pound Japanese troops withdrawing from Shuri Line. Occupied countries Germany: SHAEF HQ trans­ferred from Rheims to Frankfurt-am-Main. learn more

Diary May 25, 1945

Refugees heading westward in Germany

Diary for Friday, May 25, 1945: Secret War Allied European Commands asked not to reveal Ultra Secret. Home Fronts USA: Over 60 casualties in Wast at Edgewood Arsenal, Maryland. learn more

Diary May 24, 1945

Japanese suicide squad

Diary for Thursday, May 24, 1945: Okinawa 9 Japanese bomber-transports approach the island (8 lost); survivor crash­lands 12-man suicide squad on Yontan airfield, which destroys 8 planes, petrol and ammunition dumps before being over­whelmed. Japanese counter-attack on Oboe Hill. New… learn more

Diary May 23, 1945

Diary for Wednesday, May 23, 1945: Occupied countries Germany: Members of Dönitz Government, German High Command and General Staff, taken into custody and interned aboard liner Patria in Flensburg harbour. Admiral von Friedeburg commits suicide. Himmler commits suicide; buried on… learn more

Diary May 22, 1940

RAF Fairey Battle bombers escorted by French Curtiss Hawk fighters

Diary for Wednesday, May 22, 1940: Air War RAF bomb German communications and dumps on river Meuse near Namur and north of river Aisne. Attempted raid on Leipzig power station (night May 22-23). Western Front Guderian‘s Panzer Corps strikes north… learn more

Diary May 22, 1945

mud-filled pit

Diary for Tuesday, May 22, 1945: Okinawa Persistent heavy rain until early June seriously reduces mobility of US armor and gives Japanese respite, during which they evacuate wounded and equipment from Shuri Line. Marines cross river Asato. Occupied countries Germany:… learn more

Diary May 21, 1945

Japanese boy volunteer

Diary for Monday, May 21, 1945: Home Fronts Japan: 2 million students mobilized in ‘Student Defence Corps’. USA: Humphrey Bogart marries Lauren Bacall. Okinawa Americans capture Sugar Hill – exposing right flank of Shuri Line. Japanese decide to withdraw farther… learn more

Diary May 20, 1945

tunnel Okinawa

Diary for Sunday, May 20, 1945: Okinawa Chocolate Drop Hill secured by US infantry after savage fighting around maze of interconnected tunnels. Japanese counter-attack on ‘The Horseshoe’ (200 killed). learn more

Diary May 19, 1945

submarine Terrapin

Diary for Saturday, May 19, 1945: Sea War Pacific: British submarine Terrapin depth-charged. learn more

Diary May 18, 1940

General Guderian commanding from his half-truck

Diary for Saturday, May 18, 1940: Western Front Guderian‘s tanks reach Peronne, on river Somme. Hoth’s tanks reach Cambrai (scene of first British tank attack in 1917). Germans capture Antwerp. Sea War Heavy bomb penetrates battleship Resolution during Ju 88… learn more

Diary May 18, 1945

rifle platoon of US infantry atop the crest

Diary for Friday, May 18, 1945: Okinawa Sugar Loaf Hill captured by US Marines. Home Fronts Britain: Avro Lancaster ‘Aries’ flies over North Magnetic Pole for first time in history during series of trans­-Polar proving flights. learn more

Diary May 17, 1940

badly shaken Do 17

Diary for Friday, May 17, 1940: Western Front Germans enter Brussels. Colonel de Gaulle‘s 4th Armoured Division counter-attacks Guderian‘s XIX Panzer Corps at Montcornet, but is repulsed. General von Kleist reprimands Guderian for the ‘excessive’ speed and extent of his… learn more

Diary May 17, 1945

General Buckner

Diary for Thursday, May 17, 1945: Okinawa Lieutenant-General Simon Bolivar Buckner, Jr., commanding general of US 10th Army, takes personal command of operations. Marines reach crest of Sugar Loaf Hill, but run short of ammunition and have to withdraw. learn more

Diary May 16, 1945

Playing boys on Chanal Islands

Diary for Wednesday, May 16, 1945: Occupied countries Channel Islands: British forces liberate Alderney. Okinawa US 6th Marine Division suffers heavy casualties. learn more

Diary May 15, 1945

Cruiser Haguro

Diary for Tuesday, May 15, 1945: Sea War Japanese cruiser Haguro trapped and torpedoed by 5 British destroyers in Malacca Strait (night May 15-16). Occupied countries Yugoslavia: Surrender of last pocket of German resistance. learn more