Diary July 21, 1917

Kerensky

World War One Diary for Saturday, July 21, 1917: Home Fronts Russia: Kerensky orders arrest of only 6 Bolsheviks (excluding Trotsky) and allows only voluntary disarming. Britain: Lloyd George says 1917-18 food supplies already secured. Churchill speech at Dundee ‘We… learn more

Diary July 20, 1917

Turkish troops in Palestine

World War One Diary for Friday, July 20, 1917: Middle East Turkey: Army Group Kommando F formed to control German troops. Palestine: British 54th Division (over 100 casualties) trench raids southwest of Umbrella Hill causing over 118 casualties and MG… learn more

Diary July 19, 1917

Kerensky

World War One Diary for Thursday, July 19, 1917: Home Fronts Russia: Kerensky succeeds Prince Lvov as Prime Minister after news of German breakthrough. In Petrograd last 500 rebels surrender to General Polovtsev. Finnish Scim proclaims Finland’s autonomy. Germany: Crown… learn more

Diary July 18, 1917

Russian PoWs move with their machine guns

World War One Diary for Wednesday, July 18, 1917: Eastern Front Western Russia – Battle of Dvinsk (until July 25): German Armeeabteilung D (Kirchbach) repels Denikin’s West Front. Sea War Mediterranean: French tell Greek Minister of Marine, Fleet to be… learn more

Diary July 17, 1917

Bolshevik rising attempt

World War One Diary for Tuesday, July 17, 1917: Home Fronts Russia: Justice Ministry documents allege Lenin a German agent (until July 18) as do other sources. 6,000 Kronstadt sailors join Red rising but Cossacks begin charges as troops arrive… learn more

Diary July 16, 1917

July demonstartion in Petrrograd

World War One Diary for Monday, July 16, 1917: Home Fronts Russian ‘July Days’ Rising (­until July 19): abortive part-Trotsky inspired revolt in Petrograd, Lenin returns on July 17 and calls it off. Southern Fronts Salonika: Mutinies in French 57th… learn more

Diary July 15, 1917

Short seaplanes

World War One Diary for Sunday, July 15, 1917: Air War Southern Turkey: 4 Royal Navy Air Service Short seaplanes from HMS Empress report hits on cotton factories near Adana. Empress aircraft later starts fires in Beirut quay warehouses in… learn more

Diary July 14, 1917

Gas victims

World War One Diary for Saturday, July 14, 1917: Western Front Flanders: Between July 14 and August 4 German artillery fire 1 million rounds (2,500t) of mustard gas shell at British between Nieuport and Armentieres; 14,726 gassed (500 deaths). Champagne:… learn more

Diary July 13, 1917

Dr Michaelis

World War One Diary for Friday, July 13, 1917: Politics Germany: Bethmann resigns as Imperial German Chancellor, Dr Michaelis (unknown to Kaiser) succeeds on July 14. Foreign minister Zimmermann resigns on July 15. Home Fronts France: General Petroleum Committee formed.… learn more

Diary July 12, 1917

Gassed

World War One Diary for Thursday, July 12, 1917: Western Front Flanders – FIRST USE OF MUSTARD GAS: Germans fire 50,000 rounds (125t) at British near Ypres (Allies dub it Yperite), 2,490 gassed (87 deaths), mainly in 15th Division. Sea… learn more

Diary July 11, 1917

Airco DH-4 bomber

World War One Diary for Wednesday, July 11, 1917: Air War Britain: Cabinet decides to set up committee including Smuts on air defence and organization. Western Front: After bad weather delay, Royal Flying Corps Flanders pre-Third Ypres offensive begins, including… learn more

Diary July 10, 1917

Gasmask for men and donkey

World War One Diary for Tuesday, July 10, 1917: Western Front Flanders – German dusk 15 battalion attack on Nieuport: Fierce artillery duels. German marines advance near Lombaertzyde on 1,400-yard front east of Yser mouth and take over 1,000 PoWs;… learn more

Diary July 9, 1917

Handley Page 100 biplane

World War One Diary for Monday, July 9, 1917: Air War Turkey: An RNAS Handley Page (flown out to Mudros in May) bombs (8 x 112lb) Constantino­ple (Golden Horn area) and Turco-German Fleet for 35 minutes after 7hr flight; destroyer… learn more

Diary July 8, 1917

Middlesex Regiment Territorial at Baghdad

World War One Diary for Sunday, July 8, 1917: Middle East Mesopotamia: British occupy Dhibban on Euphrates during hottest summer in memory (122°F in shade at Baghdad). learn more

Diary July 6, 1917

wounded Richthofen

World War One Diary for Friday, July 6, 1917: Air War Western Front: Guynemer scores first victory with his new 37-mm Puteaux cannon-armed Spad S12, DFW downed with a single shot (Fonck achieves 6 kills with this powerful but dangerous… learn more

Diary July 5, 1917

High Seas Fleet in Wilhelmshaven

World War One Diary for Thursday, July 5, 1917: Sea War Germany: Hunger and coaling strike by ratings beginning with High Seas Fleet flagship secures the establishment of food supervisory committees aboard most ships during July. Western Front Flanders: Slight… learn more

Diary July 4, 1917

'HMS Furious' with a Sea Scout Z anti-submarine balloon

World War One Diary for Wednesday, July 4, 1917: Sea War North Sea: Redesigned light battlecruiser HMS Furious joins Grand Fleet (rebuilt since March 19) as carrier with 10 aircraft. Baltic: Dreadnought Petropavlosk at Helsinki issues anti-government ultimatum threatening to… learn more

Diary July 3, 1917

German infantryman of an assault unit

World War One Diary for Tuesday, July 3, 1917: Western Front Aisne: Larger scale German attacks on 11-mile front north of the Aisne. Eastern Front Galicia: Russian Eleventh Army has taken 14,000 PoWs and over 30 guns so far, but… learn more

Diary July 2, 1917

Asia Corps

World War One Diary for Monday, July 2, 1917: Middle East Turkey: German c.6500-strong Asia Corps (3 battalions, 3 cavalry troops, 18 guns, 18 MGs, 12 mortars, 4 air squadrons) formed, as elite help under Colonel Frankenburg for Turks. Politics… learn more

Diary July 1, 1917

The Convoy.

World War One Diary for Sunday, July 1, 1917: Sea War Britain: 3,000 British merchant ships have guns; 2,180 guns mounted in 1917 only 190 under 12-pounder (3-inch) calibre. ASW depth charge issue doubled to 4,6 by August. 100-300 used… learn more