Diary January 31, 1915

Diary for Sunday, January 31, 1915: Eastern Front Poland: First use of poison gas (18,000 shells from 600 guns) by German Ninth Army at Bolimow in diversionary attack (until February 6). Gas nullified by intense cold and east East wind,… learn more

Diary January 30, 1915

Diary for Saturday, January 30, 1915: Sea War British Admiralty advise British merchant ships to fly neutral ensign (or none) in home waters. Lusitania arrives at Liverpool on February 6 with flying US flag. Channel – first merchant ships torpedoed… learn more

War Diary January 29, 1915

War Diary World War One for Friday, January 29, 1915: Western Front Flanders: British repulse attack at Culnchy near La Bassee. BEF CoS Sir A Murray goes home, replaced by able QMG Robertson rather than French choice Wilson. Aisne: German… learn more

War Diary January 28, 1915

War Diary World War One for Thursday, January 28, 1915: Western Front Flanders: Allies take Great Dune. Artois: German attack at Bellacourt. Argonne: ­French 58mm trench mortar first fired in action. Middle East Wassmuss, ‘German Lawrence of Arabia’, leaves Baghdad… learn more

War Diary January 27, 1915

War Diary World War One for Wednesday, January 27, 1915: Western Front Argonne: French repulse attacks. Meuse: French artillery destroy German bridge at St Mihiel. Vosges: French advance near Senones. Alsace: Half French Vosges Army makes some progress but snow… learn more

War Diary January 26, 1915

War Diary World War One for Tuesday, January 26, 1915: Middle East Egypt: Turk feint attacks at Kantara and also at Kubri (7 miles north of Suez) until January 27. Persia: Chernozubov’s 7,000 men with 16 guns defeats c. 5,000… learn more

War Diary January 25, 1915

War Diary World War One for Monday, January 25, 1915: Air War Baltic: German Navy Parseval airship PL 19 shot down by Russian anti-aircraft fire during bombing raid on Libau. Western Front Flanders – First Action of Givenchy: British 1st… learn more

War Diary January 24, 1915

War Diary World War One for Sunday, January 24, 1915: Sea War North Sea – FIRST DREAD­NOUGHT ACTION: BATTLE OF THE DOGGER BANK. Thanks to signals intelligence 5 bat­tlecruisers from Rosyth intercept and pursue Hipper’s 3 battlecruiser and armoured cruiser… learn more

War Diary January 23, 1915

War Diary World War One for Saturday, January 23, 1915: Home Fronts Britain: Mills submits grenade proposal, in production from June and perfects by Mk II by August. Western Front Flanders: Slight Allied advance near Nieuport. Aisne: ­Germans bombard Berry-au­-Bac.… learn more

War Diary January 22, 1915

War Diary World War One for Friday, January 22, 1915: Air War Occupied Belgium: RNAS drops 27 bombs on Zeebrugge U-boat base. France: 12 German BAG aircraft bomb Dunkirk, but RFC 4 Squadron shoot down 1 Albatros B-type with rifle… learn more

War Diary January 21, 1915

War Diary World War One for Thursday, January 21, 1915: Home Fronts Germany: Lt-Gen Hohen­born replaces Falkenhayn as War Minister. Admirals Müller’s diary: ‘Kaiser obviously terrified by the thought of a long war’. Britain: Interned vessels to be used in… learn more

War Diary January 20, 1915

War Diary World War One for Wednesday, January 20, 1915: Air War Western Front: Captain Happe and Sergeant Labouchere in Voisin plane destroy a German kite balloon at Neider Morschweiler with air-to-air bomb and 250 aerodarts. Home Fronts Turkey: Talaat… learn more

War Diary January 19, 1915

War Diary World War One for Tuesday, January 19, 1915: Sea War Germany: First UB-class coastal U-boat UB-1 launched at Kiel, completed in 75 days. Class of 17 U-boats launched by April 23. North Sea: German aircraft sights Beatty’s force… learn more

War Diary January 18, 1915

War Diary World War One for Monday, January 18, 1915: Eastern Front Poland: German plane bombs Russian Fifth Army Headquarter at Mogilnitsa (casualties: 4 men, 2 horses). Russians take Skempe. Western Front Champagne: French seize positions near Bois-le-Pretre, only to… learn more

War Diary January 17, 1915

War Diary World War One for Sunday, January 17, 1915: Western Front Somme: Limited French advance at La Boisselle, north of the river. Aisne: Unsuccess­ful German attacks near Autreches, northwest of Soissons. Lorraine: French occupy Bois-le-Pretre (Pont-a-Mousson) and advance further… learn more

War Diary January 16, 1915

War Diary World War One for Saturday, January 16, 1915: Western Front Flanders: Germans retire from coast dunes near Nieuport under French gunfire. BEF officer casualties until January 23 are 29 men, lowest number of wounded and killed of war.… learn more

War Diary January 15, 1915

War Diary WW2 for Friday, January 15, 1915: Western Front Artois: Germans recover some trenches on Notre Dame de Lorette ridge and at Carency, held for a month by the French. Foch writes to Joffre: ‘My formula is: work for… learn more

War Diary January 14, 1915

War Diary World War One for Thursday, January 14, 1915: Middle East Egypt: 25,000 Turks (25th Division plus other elements) with 10,000 camels and 56 guns begin with 8 night marches from Beersheba towards Suez Canal. Western Front Aisne –… learn more

War Diary January 13, 1915

War Diary World War One for Wednesday, January 13, 1915: Eastern Front Poland: Russians advance on Lower Vistula until January 16, occupy Serpets north of Plotsk. Western Front Aisne: Germans storm Hills 132 and 159 with Vregny heights; French retreating… learn more

War Diary January 12, 1915

War Diary World War One for Tuesday, January 12, 1915: Western Front Aisne: French Sixth Army withdrawing under pressure from Hills 130 and 159. Venizel bridge retained; all others lost. Eastern Front East Prussia: Russians take several villages near Rosog.… learn more