Diary March 31, 1915

Diary for Wednesday, March 31, 1915: Western Front German Army ration strength 5,029,672 men. Sea War Germany: U-boats sink 29 ships (161 British lives lost) worth 89,517t in March, more than in whole war to date. Austria: Admiral Haus defends… learn more

Diary March 30, 1915

Diary for Tuesday, March 30, 1915: Western Front Flanders: Intelligence officers of XV Corps, French Tenth Army, learn from PoWs that extensive German preparations near Zillebeke east of Ypres to employ ‘asphyxiating gases’ (ie chlorine cylinders). Cham­pagne: Reims Cathedral under… learn more

Diary March 29, 1915

Diary for Monday, March 29, 1915: Middle East Egypt: General Hamilton inspects 20,000 Anzacs troops for the Dardanelles (2,480 NZ reinforcements arrived on March 26). Western Front First German Gas Regiment formed, 2 battalions of 3 coys each. Allied conference… learn more

Diary March 28, 1915

Diary for Sunday, March 28, 1915: Western Front Aisne: General Kluck severely wounded in leg by French shell, visiting trenches near Vailly, aged 68; Fabeck replaces him in command of German First Army. Eastern Front Carpathians: German Beskidenkorps formed to… learn more

Diary March 27, 1915

Diary for Saturday, Mach 27, 1915: Middle East Armenia­: Russians recapture Artvin on Upper Chorok. Turks evacuate Batumi on March 29. Mahmud Kamil Pasha replaces Hasan Izzet Pasha as C-in-C but keeps same German CoS, Major Guse (for duration). His… learn more

Diary March 26, 1915

Diary for Friday, March 26, 1915: Western Front Alsace: Despite German use of flamethrowers, French storm fortified summit of Hart­mannsweilerkopf and exploit 160 yards along 2 ridges to the east. Eastern Front General Alexeiev replaces Ruzki as C-in-C Northwest Front.… learn more

Diary March 25, 1915

Diary for Thursday, March 25, 1915: Western Front Artois: French re-control Notre Dame de Lorette Ridge and repulse counter-attack. Eastern Front Galicia: Only 1/3 of 4th Siberian Reserve Rifle Regiment de-train at Lemberg. Carpathians: ­Brusilov advances until April 4, retakes… learn more

Diary March 24, 1915

Diary for Thursday, March 24, 1915: Middle East Dardanelles: Liman von Sanders given command of Turk Fifth Army (he arrives on Gallipoli on March 26). African Fronts Tripolitania: 2 Italian coloumns restore Misurata’s links (cut on March 18) with its… learn more

Diary March 23, 1915

Diary for Tuesday, March 23, 1915: Middle East Sinai: 2,000 British soldiers inflict 50 casualties on Turk raiders 10 miles east of the Suez Canal. Western Front Flanders: Belgian landing on east bank of river Yser. Alsace: ­French 1 st… learn more

Diary March 22, 1915

Diary for Monday, March 22, 1915: Eastern Front Galicia – Przemysl surren­ders: 9 generals among 119,602 PoWs and 700 guns, 20% scurvy, 3 days rations left. Western Front Aisne: Germans bombard Soissons Cathedral until March 23. Middle East Dardanelles: Hamilton… learn more

Diary March 21, 1915

Diary for Sunday, March 21, 1915: Southern Fronts Serbia: German Chief of staff Falkenhayn suggests to Austrian Conrad quick strike against Serbia to open way for supplies to Turks, but Conrad says no forces due to impending Galician offensive; Falkenhayn… learn more

Diary March 20, 1915

Diary for Saturday, March 20, 1915: Secret War Churchill approves 18 ‘landship’ (tank) prototypes, orders all haste. Western Front Artois: Germans storm trenches near Notre Dame de Lorette, but French recover them next day. Foch sends Joffre a spring offensive… learn more