Diary April 30, 1915

Diary for Friday, April 30, 1915: Middle East Enver Pasha orders Liman to ‘drive the invaders into the sea’; 2 divisions from Asia Minor transferred to Gallipoli. Allied losses now total c.11,000. (War Office estimates for all operations just c.5,000).… learn more

Diary April 29, 1915

Diary for Thursday, April 29, 1915: Air War Britain: First raid by German Army Zeppelin: LZ38 (Linnarz) drops IBs at Ipswich and Bury St Edmunds, Suffolk (opportunity targets); some damage including 3 casualties (night April 29-30). Western Front Flanders: Foch… learn more

Diary April 28, 1915

Diary for Wednesday, April 28, 1915: Middle East Gallipoli – First Battle of Krithia: 14,000 Allies advance 2 miles (3,000 casualties). Anzac troops: 2 Royal Marines battalions to reinforce. Yemen­: British treaty with Chief Idrisi against Turks. Western Front Flanders:… learn more

Diary April 27, 1915

Diary for Tuesday, April 27, 1915: Western Front Ypres: Allies advance, French recapture Lizerne. Field Marshal French replaces Smith­-Dorrien by Plumer in command of British Second Army because of former’s ‘pessimism’. Eastern Front Galicia: Army Group Mackensen formed to include… learn more

Diary April 26, 1915

Diary for Monday, April 26, 1915: Middle East Gallipoli: Hill 141 stormed and V Beach secured. Turk attacks on Anzac and Y Beaches repulsed but latter abandoned in panic. Western Front Kitchener declares that ‘Germany has stooped to acts which… learn more

Diary April 25, 1915

Diary for Sunday, April 25, 1915: Middle East BRITISH LANDINGS ON GALLIPOLI PENINSULA: 33,000 Allies land round Cape Helles, at Anzac Cove (mistakenly) and Kum Kale in Asia (3,000 French in feint until next day). Losses: Allies c.4,178, Turk c.4,730.… learn more

Diary April 24, 1915

Diary for Saturday, April 24, 1915: Western Front Ypres – Battle of St Julien begins: with 0400 hours gas cloud aid Germans capture St Julien. Franco-Belgians hold west of Lizerne. Successful Canadian counter-attacks at Lizerne. British extend GHO line south… learn more

Diary April 23, 1915

Diary for Friday, April 23, 1915: Western Front Ypres – Second German gas attack: they take Langemarck, Steenstraate bridge and positions south of Lizerne as Allied counter­-attack collapses. First Canadian VC of the war: L/Cp F Fisher (13th Bn). Southern… learn more

Diary April 22, 1915

Diary for Thursday, April 22, 1915: Western Front SECOND BATTLE OF YPRES (until May 13): Battle of Graven­stafel (Ridge) (until April 23). Big Berthas shell Ypres. FIRST WESTERN FRONT POISON GAS ATTACK begun by German Fourth Army at 1700 hours… learn more

Diary April 21, 1915

Diary for Wednesday, April 21, 1915: Eastern Front 8 German divisions begin rail move (60 trains per day) to south of Cracow. Russians discover this from April 25. Austrians repulsed near Gorlice which sector new German Eleventh Army takes over… learn more

Diary April 20, 1915

Diary for Tuesday, April 20, 1915: Eastern Front Austrian High Command estimate 1,001,000 Austro­-Germans (11 armies) fighting 1,540,000 Russians on 720­-mile front. Western Front Flanders: Gas shells test­fired at Hill 60 by German Fourth Army. ‘Hate shoot’ on Ypres kills… learn more

Diary April 19, 1915

Diary for Monday, April 19, 1915: Air War Western Front: Morane ‘L’ fighter (Lt Roland Garros) , damaged by German rifleman Schlenst­edt in Courtrai rail station, makes forced landing behind German lines, near Ingelmunster. Attempts to burn plane fail to… learn more