Diary May 31, 1915

Diary for Monday, May 31, 1915: Politics USA: Government dissatisfied with German Lusitania reply. British Ambassa­dor says Lusitania never carried guns (untrue). Germany: Baron Wangenheim cables Berlin on need to ‘mitigate’, but not hinder measures against Armenians. Western Front Despite… learn more

Diary May 30, 1915

Diary for Sunday, May 30, 1915: Eastern Front Galicia: Austro-Germans shell Przemysl forts; American cameraman John A Everets films it. Western Front Flanders: German attack at Hooge. Artois: French gains near Souchez. African Fronts Southeast Cameroons: 400 France-Belgians take river… learn more

Diary May 29, 1915

Diary for Saturday, May 29, 1915: Sea War Channel: First UC-type minelaying boat patrol from Zeebrugge UC11 (Schmidt) lays 12 mines off South Foreland, Downs, first of 420 mines in 46 fields (until September), 648 mines (150 in Dover area,… learn more

Diary May 28, 1915

Diary for Friday, May 28, 1915: Politics Germany: Bethmann denounces Italy in Reichstag. German reply puts all Lusitania responsibility on Britain. Home Fronts Germany: First Reichstag annexation debate. Ceylon: Riots (until June 5). Western Front Artois: French 53rd Division advance… learn more

Diary May 27, 1915

Diary for Thursday, May 27, 1915: Southern Fronts Italian Front: General Boroevic (from Third Army outside Przemysl, Eastern Front) takes over new Austrian Fifth Army, orders that ‘the troops should construct positions, place obstacles in front of them and remain… learn more

Diary May 26, 1915

Diary for Wednesday, May 26, 1915: Western Front Flanders: ‘Two Years’ position warfare (ie completely stalemated, trench warfare) on Yser begun. Death of Captain Grenfell, British war poet (poem ‘Into Battle’ from April), aged 27, at Boulogne from wounds on… learn more

Diary May 25, 1915

Diary for Tuesday, May 25, 1915: Sea War Dardanelles: U21 (Hersing) sinks British battleships Triumph (73 lost) off Gaba Tepe and Majestic (on May 27, 43 lost), capsizes in 7 minutes off Western Beach. U21 proceeds on to Constantinople after… learn more

Diary May 24, 1915

Diary for Monday, May 24, 1915: Western Front Ypres – Battle of Bellewaarde Ridge (until May 25): 4 German divisions attack, capture Mouse-trap Farm, but lose other gains despite a 4 1/2-mile wide gas cloud at 0245 hours against British… learn more

Diary May 23, 1915

Diary for Sunday, May 23, 1915: Southern Fronts ITALY ENTERS WAR. Austrian guns in Carnic Alps fire first shots shortly before midnight. Politics ITALY DECLARES WAR ON AUSTRIA. See also: Italian Army. Allies warn Turkey on Armenian massacres. Western Front… learn more

Diary May 22, 1915

Diary for Saturday, May 22, 1915: Sea War Black Sea: Russian battleship Pantelimon torpedoed but not sunk. Western Front Flanders: British advance south of Quinque Rue. Southern Fronts Austro-Italian frontier: Austrian Archduke Eugene made C-in-C of new Southwest Front against… learn more

Diary May 21, 1915

Diary for Friday, May 21, 1915: Southern Fronts Austro-Italian border: German Alpenkorps formed for Tyrol. Conrad to Emperor’s Aide-decamp ‘… an Italian offensive will have for its chief objective the valley of the Isonzo. All defensive measures have been taken’.… learn more

Diary May 20, 1915

Diary for Thursday, May 20, 1915: Air War Western Front: First 2 German MG-armed Fokker Els with interrupter gear arrive. First FE2b flown to France; RFC No 6 Squadron has 4 by September, 32 in service by December. Eastern Front:… learn more

Diary May 19, 1915

Diary for Wednesday, May 19, 1945: Middle East Gallipoli: 17,356 Anzac troops repel 40,000 Turks. Armenia: Nikolayev enters Van, relieving Armenians who received Tsar’s thanks. Western Front Flanders: Virtual stalemate at Festubert as 1st Canadian Division re­enters line to replace… learn more

Diary May 18, 1915

Diary for Tuesday, May 18, 1915: Middle East Gallipoli: Hamilton gets pessimistic Kitchener telegram, interprets as instruction not to encourage evacuation. Eastern Front Galicia: Austrians re-occupy Galician oilfields northeast of Uzsok. Sea War North Sea: German torpedo boats capture 3… learn more

Diary May 17, 1915

Diary for Monday, May 17, 1915: Western Front Ypern – Festubert: 450 Germans surrender during BEF shelling after which ‘Quadrilateral’ strongpoint captured, but rain and mist hamper exploitation. German reserves from north block British penetration. Artois: ­Fayolle on Petain ‘…… learn more

Diary May 16, 1915

Diary for Sunday, May 16, 1915: Eastern Front Battle of the San (until May 23): Austro­-Germans cross river by 15 bridges, take Sieniawa on May 18. Western Front Ypern – Battle of Festubert: British advance to La Quinque Rue-Bethune road… learn more

Diary May 15, 1915

Diary for Saturday, May 15, 1915: Western Front Ypres – Battle of Festubert (until May 25) begins at 2330 hours: first British major night attack with 3 divisors takes 3 miles of trenches to 1/2 mile depth. CSM Barter wins… learn more

Diary May 14, 1915

Diary for Friday, May 14, 1915: Eastern Front Galicia: German Guard Corps capture Jaroslav (93 miles from Gorlice). English novelist Hugh Walpole becomes Russian officer in Otriad (Red Cross mobile hospital), reaches Lemberg on May 24. Western Front Ypres: Franco-Belgian… learn more

Diary May 13, 1915

Diary for Thursday, May 13, 1915: Western Front Ypres: Battle of Frezenberg Ridge ends. Heavy German bombardment. BEF MG crews get first primitive flannel-bag gas masks. French complete capture of Bois le Pretre. Eastern Front Russian SW Front shell reserve… learn more

Diary May 12, 1915

Diary for Wednesday, May 12, 1915: Eastern Front Poland: Woyrsch occupies Kielce in general Austro­-German advance. Western Front Artois: French 70th Division takes Carency with 1,000 PoWs. Ypres: British 1st and 3rd Cavalry Divisions relieve 28th Division (15,533 casualties in… learn more