Diary June 30, 1915

Diary for Wednesday, June 30, 1915: Southern Fronts Isonzo: Main Italian infantry assault begins along 21-mile front but only gains, for fearful losses, a small bridgehead east of the river at Sagrado. Western Front Argonne – German attacks at Bagatelle:… learn more

Diary June 29, 1915

Diary for Tuesday, June 29, 1915: Eastern Front Poland: Mackensen advances between river Vistula and Bug, reaches Tomaszow next day. Western Front France – Petains memo to GOG : ‘The present war … of attrition … will belong … to… learn more

Diary June 28, 1915

Diary for Monday, June 28, 1915: Secret War Britain: Churchill and Lloyd George watch Killen­-Strait barbed-wire cutter tractor, Wormwood Scrubs, London. They also see Stokes mortar demo there (on June 30). Lloyd George agrees to urge production of 1,000 units,… learn more

Diary June 27, 1915

Diary for Sunday, June 27, 1915: Southern Fronts Isonzo: Italian Third Army has pushed Austrians up slopes south of Mt San Michele (900 ft) and gained bridgehead for assault on Carso Plateau. Serbia: Serbs capture Danube island of Michaiska. Middle… learn more

Diary June 26, 1915

Diary for Saturday, June 26, 1915: Eastern Front Galicia: Lechitski repulses German attacks on Bukaczowce-Halicz front in east but retreats to river Gnila Lipa while Südarmee occupies Halicz and Mackensen advances to river Bug until next day. Western Front Britain:… learn more

Diary June 25, 1915

Diary for Friday, June 25, 1915: Sea War Dardanelles: With balloon spotting, battleship Lord Nelson (55 shells) again sets Chanak alight. Air War Western Front: French aircraft bomb Douai rail station. Home Fronts Britain: Kitchener asks Lloyd George’s Parliament Secretary… learn more

Diary June 24, 1915

Diary for Thursday, June 24, 1915: Home Fronts Britain: War Munition Volunteer Scheme begins, 6­-month posting in any firm chosen by Ministry. Western Front Joffre and Field Marshal French agree at Chantilly on Western Front primacy, reject passive defence as… learn more

Diary June 23, 1915

Diary for Wednesday, June 23, 1915: Sea War North Sea – First Q-ship success: U40 torpedoed and sunk off Aberdeen by British submarine C26, towed in action by decoy trawler Q-ship Taranaki. Southern Fronts FIRST MAIN BATTLE OF THE ISONZO… learn more

Diary June 22, 1915

Diary for Tuesday, June 22, 1915: Eastern Front AUSTRIAN SECOND ARMY RETAKES LEMBERG: Mackensen made Field Marshal. Western Front Meuse: French recover recently lost positions on Meuse heights, repel German counter-attacks (June 24-27). Vosges: Hill 627 near Ban de Sapt… learn more

Diary June 21, 1915

Diary for Monday, June 21, 1915: Middle East Gallipoli – Helles bridgehead: Third French Battle of Kereves or Turk Battle of Hill 83. French (77 guns fire 31,400 shells) secure Haricot Redoubt for 2,500 casualties causing more than 6,000 Turk… learn more

Diary June 20, 1915

Diary for Sunday, June 20, 1915: Western Front Meuse-Argonne: German Crown Prince launches attack which leads to costly actions until July 14. French First Army casualties since May 1: 16,200 soldiers. Paris – Terrier to Lyautey from Morocco: ‘People are… learn more

Diary June 19, 1915

Diary for Saturday, June 19, 1915: Eastern Front Galicia: Mackensen attacks Brusilov’s Grodek line along 40 miles and forces retreat. Mackensen takes Zolkiew and Rawaruska (June 20). Western Front Artois: French gains near Souchez (and on June 28). Alsace­: French… learn more

Diary June 18, 1915

Diary for Friday, June 18, 1915: Western Front Artois: Second Battle of Artois ends at Foch‘s bidding, 25 square miles ‘liberated’ (official date but heavy clashes continue, French XXI Corps losses 18,000 men by June 20). African Fronts Eastern Tripolitania:… learn more

Diary June 17, 1915

Diary for Thursday, June 17, 1915: Eastern Front Russia: STAVKA Conference at Kholm, armies 500,000 under strength, sanctions fighting retreat. Russians announce 120,000 enemy losses on Dniester in last month, claim 40,000 PoWs. Western Front Artois: Fond De Suval (north… learn more

Diary June 16, 1915

Diary for Wenesday, June 16, 1915: Western Front Artois: Major French 20-division attack against reinforced defenders (307 heavy guns); only Moroccan Division reaches Vimy Ridge crest for second time (2nd Regiment of 1st Legion has 645 casualties), but cannot be… learn more

Diary June 15, 1915

Diary for Tuesday, June 15, 1915: Western Front Flanders – Second Action of Givenchy until next day: British 7th new arrived 51st Highland Division attack at 0558 hours northeast of Festubert without surprise element after two days of shelling and… learn more

Diary June 14, 1915

Diary for Monday, June 14, 1915: African Fronts Southwest Africa: Botha’s final advance to the north begins, occupies Omaruru on June 20 and detaches 2 mounted brigades to cut off the Germans by June 27. Western Front Artois: French novelist… learn more

Diary June 13, 1915

Diary for Sunday, June 13, 1915: Western Front Flanders­: Canadians discard unreliable Ross rifle for standard SM Lee-Enfield, enter Messines sector on June 28. Artois: French checked at Souchez. Petain and Fayolle vainly oppose mass offensive renewal. Eastern Front Galicia:… learn more

Diary June 12, 1915

Diary for Saturday, June 12, 1915: Southern Fronts Carnic Alps: Italians occupy two passes and repel Austrian attacks on June 25. Isonzo : Italians attack Hill 383 seven times. Eastern Front Poland: Gas aids Germans advance almost 4 miles on… learn more

Diary June 11, 1915

Diary for Friday, June 11, 1915: Air War North Sea – First-ever use of reconnaissance seaplanes with battlefleet at sea: Sopwith Baby seaplanes from HMS Campania observe movements of ‘hostile’ squadrons in British Grand Fleet exercises. Western Front Artois: French… learn more