Diary July 31, 1915

Diary for Saturday, July 31, 1915: Middle East Gallipoli: 200 Australians storm Turk trenches opposite Tasmania Post (until August 1). So far 600 soldiers of 1st Australian Division evacuated with dental disease and 80,000 Turk sick evacuated. Sea War Black… learn more

Diary July 30, 1915

Diary for Friday, July 30, 1915: Western Front Flanders: 6 German trench flamethrowers used against BEF; 1/2-mile of British 41st Brigade (New Army 14th Division, arrived France on June 18) trenches stormed by German 126th Infantry Regiment (53rd Reserve Division)… learn more

Diary July 29, 1915

Diary for Thursday, July 29, 1915: Eastern Front Poland – Battle of Biskupice: Mackensen cuts Lublin-Kholm railway, Russians evacuate both (July 30 and 31) after II Siberian Corps broken and not helped by Russian Guard. Western Front Field Marshal French… learn more

Diary July 28, 1915

Diary for Wednesday, July 28, 1915: Western Front French adopt first gas mask and gas shell production begun on July 1. Southern Fronts Italians attack in Cordevole valley (Venetian Alps) until next day. Sea War Adriatic: 2 Austrian cruisers, 6… learn more

Diary July 27, 1915

Diary for Tuesday, July 27, 1915: Sea War Dardan­elles: French submarine Mariotte lost in Turk net defences. North Sea: U-boat torpedoes 3 Danish schooners. Western Front German artillery shells Reims and Soissons. Eastern Front STAVKA secret circular describes Bolshevik propa­ganda… learn more

Diary July 26, 1915

Diary for Monday, July 26, 1915: Southern Fronts Isonzo: Italians capture most of Mt Sei Busi (Carso) but impetus faltering. Western Front Argonne: German setback. Alsace – ‘Second Battle of Munster’: French advance on Lingenkopf until next day. Eastern Front… learn more

Diary July 25, 1915

Diary for Sunday, July 25, 1915: Air War Western Front: Captain Hawker of No 6 Squadron RFC in Bristol Scout armed with Lewis gun on own 45° mounting defeats 3 German two-seaters east of Ypres; first VC award for aircraft… learn more

Diary July 24, 1915

Diary for Saturday, July 24, 1915: Sea War Atlantic: Q-ship Prince Charles sinks U36. Western Front Vosges: La Fontenelle­-Laanois position stormed by French troops. Eastern Front Baltic Provinces: Charge by 1,600 men of Russian 1st Cavalry Division checks Germans south… learn more

Diary July 23, 1915

Diary for Friday, July 23, 1915: Air War Austria: Italian Caproni bombers bomb Innsbruck. Eastern Front Poland: Gallwitz storms Rozan and Pultusk fortress bridgeheads and crosses Narew (until July 25), takes Goworowo (July 27) after violent Russian counter­attacks (July 26-30).… learn more

Diary July 22, 1915

Diary for Thursday, July 22, 1915: Western Front Argonne: French advance near Bagatelle, Joffre sacks Sarrail from Third Army; Humbert replaces him for duration. Alsace: German counter­-attack near Metzeral. Neutrals USA: Ex-President Roosevelt denounces Americans as accessories after the fact… learn more

Diary July 21, 1915

Diary for Wednesday, July 21, 1915: Eastern Front Conrad urges Burian to keep separate peace with Russia in view (and on August 6) but no Russian interest. Poland: Woyrsch besieges Ivangorod (until August 5) and crosses Vistula to north on… learn more

Diary July 20, 1915

Diary for Tuesday, July 20, 1915: Sea War North Sea: British submarine C27 towed by Q-ship Princess Louise torpedoes and sinks U23 (Schulthess). Western Front Alsace: French advance toward Munster in Fecht Valley. Flanders: Canadian Prime Minister visits his troops… learn more

Diary July 19, 1915

Diary for Monday, July 19, 1915: Air War Western Front: Guynemer’s first victory (of 54) with gunner Guerder (wounded), an Aviatik near Soissons. Promoted to sergeant and awarded Medaille Militaire. Western Front Foch note to GQG urges ‘precise and defined… learn more

Diary July 18, 1915

Diary for Sunday, July 18, 1915: Southern Fronts Second Battle of the Isonzo (­until August 3): Italian Second and Third Armies (260 battalions against 129 Austrian battalions with 462 guns) again attack after shorter, better barrage, taking 4,000 PoWs by… learn more

Diary July 17, 1915

Diary for Saturday, July 17, 1915: Eastern Front Russian Corps report: ‘Super­-human efforts were required to keep the men in the trenches’. Middle East Gallipoli – Helles bridgehead: GOC VIII Corps Hunter-Weston invalided out with sunstroke (Davies succeeds). African Fronts… learn more

Diary July 16, 1915

Diary for Friday, July 16, 1915: Western Front Aisne: German attack near Fontenoy. Lorraine: German attack in Parroy Forest. Eastern Front Poland: Austrian first Army crosses river Bug. Sea War 3 US battleships transit Panama Canal. Politics Bulgaria: Lloyd George… learn more

Diary July 15, 1915

Diary for Thursday, July 15, 1915: Air War Western Front: About 12 Fokker EIs in use. Western Front BEF has now 7 company’s of special gas troops. Argonne: French repulse German attack. Eastern Front Baltic Provinces: Nieme­narmee strikes towards Riga,… learn more

Diary July 14, 1915

Diary for Wednesday, July 14, 1915: Southern Fronts Montenegro: Montenegrins repulse Austrian attack at Grahovo. Western Front Haig discovers King has lost confidence in Field Marshal French (Monarch tells CoS Robertson that he should be replaced). Flanders: Belgians repulse attack… learn more

Diary July 13, 1915

Diary for Tuesday, July 13, 1915: Western Front Argonne: Germans (including gas shell) make transient gains at Vienne-le-Chateau and La Fille Morte, but French Third Army casualties since 20 June are 32,395 soldiers including 4,000 PoWs. Flanders: BEF Third Army… learn more

Diary July 12, 1915

Diary for Monday, July 12, 1915: Middle East Gallipoli – Helles bridgehead: 12,748 Allied soldiers take a few trenches and 600 prisoners until next day for 3,900 casualties; British 155th Brigade refuses to advance a second time. General Masnou of… learn more