Diary August 31, 1915

Diary for Tuesday, August 31, 1915: Southern Fronts Italy: Mussolini called up aged 32, joins 11th Bersaglieri training at Brescia, arrives at front on September 16. Albania: Serb troops at Durazzo. Western Front British Guards Division constituted. 21,581 Canadian troops… learn more

Diary August 30, 1915

Diary for Monday, August 30, 1915: Sea War U-boats ordered not to sink liners without warning and to allow crews and passengers time to abandon ship. No neutral ships to be sunk unless taking cargo to Britain. Eastern Front New… learn more

Diary August 29, 1915

Diary for Sunday, August 29, 1915: Western Front Argonne: Fierce artillery duel. Eastern Front Baltic Provinces: Nieme­narmee storms Friedrichstadt bridgehead south of river Dvina. Western Russia: Germans storm Lipsk, 20 miles from Grodno. Middle East Gallipoli – Suvla bridgehead: 3000… learn more

Diary August 28, 1915

Diary for Saturday, August 28, 1915: Eastern Front Ludendorff orders Tenth Army advance on Vilna. Air War France: German air raid on Compiegne. Politics Russia: Foreign and War Ministers say no peace with Germany while single enemy soldier on Russian… learn more

Diary August 27, 1915

Diary for Friday, August 27, 1945: Eastern Front Falkenhayn orders divisions from Mackensen to Danube despite Hindenburg and Ludendorff’s opposition; another 10 divisions follow later. Galicia­: Austrian ‘Black Yellow Offensive’ until September 12. Western Front Alsace: French storm trenches between… learn more

Diary August 26, 1915

Diary for Thursday, August 26, 1915: Eastern Front Poland: Gallwitz occupies Bialystok (110 miles northeast of Warsaw), Eichhorn occupies Fort Olita on Niemen. Bugarmee crosses Brest-Kovel road. Southern Fronts Trentino: Italian progress in Val Sugana, capture Monte Gisa on August… learn more

Diary August 25, 1915

Diary for Wednesday, August 25, 1915: Air War Germany: 62 French bombers (2 lost by anti-aircraft fire) attack Dillingen steelworks near Trier using converted 155mm artillery shells. Eastern Front Poland: Linsingen’s Bugarmee occupies Brest­-Litovsk as Mackensen advances to north. Southern… learn more

Diary August 24, 1915

Diary for Tuesday, August 24, 1915: Southern Front Italian Front: Austrian counter-offensive. Sea War East Africa: Royal Navy C-in-C reports 2 planes and 2 guns landed at Mombasa, 150 men available, but fears U-boats’ arrival ! Air War Germany: French… learn more

Diary August 23, 1915

Diary for Monday, August 23, 1915: Sea War Channel: Dover Patrol monitors shell Zeebrugge and Knocke. Adriatic: German U-boats U34 and U35 reach Cattaro after leaving Heligoland (August 4), sail for Mediterranean (August 27 – 28) after Liman von Sanders… learn more

Diary August 22, 1915

Diary for Sunday, August 22, 1915: Sea War North Sea: 2 French destroyers sink German A15 coastal torpedo boat near Ostend (night August 22-23). Western Front Vosges: French gains include trenches on Tingenkopf and Barrenkopf. Eastern Front Pripet: Austrian Fourth… learn more

Diary August 21, 1915

Diary for Saturday, August 21, 1915: Middle East Gallipoli, Suvla bridgehead – Battle of Scimitar Hill and Western Hills: 4 British divisons fail to break through, lose 5,300 casualties, but Hamilton rejects proposed evacuation next day. Sea War Allies declare… learn more

Diary August 20, 1915

Diary for Friday, August 20, 1915: Home Fronts Germany: In Reichstag Liebknecht demands immediate peace talks and votes alone against a new war credit. Britain: Munitions Inventions Department of 20 scientists and engineers (482 by January 1918) first meets. Kitchener… learn more

Diary August 19, 1915

Diary for Thursday, August 19, 1915: Sea War Baltic: Submarine E1 torpedoes battlecruiser Moltke in Gulf of Riga, she returns to Kiel at 15 kts. Russian gunboat Sivach sunk. German Baltic Fleet abandons attempt since August 17 to penetrate Gulf… learn more

Diary August 18, 1915

Diary for Wednesday, August 18, 1915: Western Front Vosges: French storm trenches on Ablain-Angres road, but Germans retake it next day. French storm trenches on Schratzmännele crest and take the crest on August 22. Southern Fronts Isonzo: Italian progress towards… learn more

Diary August 17, 1915

Diary for Tuesday, August 17, 1915: Home Fronts Germany claims 2 million PoWs (330,000 Anglo-French­-Belgian). Actually 726,694 Russians (August 10); Austria has 699,254 (September 1). Russia: Special Councils of Defence for Fuel, Food and Transport set up. Eastern Front Litzmann… learn more

Diary August 16, 1915

Diary for Monday, August 16, 1915: Home Fronts Britain: All-Party manifesto on National Service. Lloyd George tells War Policy Cabinet Committee ‘The longer you delay, the nearer … disaster’. But Kitchener defends voluntary service on August 24. Western Front Kitchener… learn more

Diary August 15, 1915

Diary for Sunday, August 15, 1915: Sea War East Africa: Cruiser HMS Hyacinth shells Tanga. Baltic: Russian cruiser-minelayer Ladoga (ex-Minin) lost on mine of UC4 off Oro Island. North Sea: Royal Navy submarines E8 (Goodheart) and E13 (Layton) sail for… learn more

Diary August 14, 1915

Diary for Saturday, August 14, 1915: Eastern Front West Russia: Russian sortie from Kovno repulsed until next day. Bukovina: Russians attack near Czernowitz. African Fronts East Africa: Tighe reports his non-African infantry as only 4,000 men, situation serious. Air War… learn more

Diary August 13, 1915

Diary for Friday, August 13, 1915: Sea War Aegean – First British transport lost: Coastal U-boat UB14 (Heim­burg) (towed from Cattaro on July 16) sinks 11,117t Royal Edward near Cos Island, 865 of 1,366 troops lost. Adriatic: French destroyer Bisson… learn more

Diary August 12, 1915

Diary for Thursday, August 12, 1915: Secret War Britain – First tank begun: No 1 Lincoln or Tritton Machine called ‘Little Willie‘, moves on tracks on September 8). Lloyd George orders 1,000 Stokes mortars. Italian Front­: Austrians have solved 63… learn more