Diary October 5, 1915

Diary for Tuesday, October 5, 1915: Southern Fronts Salonika: 13,000 French and British troops land. Serbia: Austro-German artillery bombardment begins including c. 170 guns (nearly 40 x 305mm and 420mm superheavy mortars) for Belgrade crossing. Trentino: Italian progress towards Rovereto.… learn more

Diary September 30, 1915

Diary for Thursday, September 30, 1915: Western Front Sir J French and Kitchener Order of the Day congratulates BEF. King sends a message to Sir John. Champagne: Minor French gains. Joffre announces close of operations with the capturing of 25,000… learn more

Diary September 29, 1915

Diary for Wednesday, September 29, 1915: Middle East Mesopotamia: Townshend’s cavalry occupy Kut but ships stuck in falling river for two days. Western Front Flanders: Germans capture British trenches at Hooge, but next day BEF recaptures most back. Artois: French… learn more

Diary September 28, 1915

Diary for Tuesday, September 28, 1915: Middle East Mesopotamia – Battle of Kut: after night flank march, Townshend (1,233 casualties) storms Turk defences (700 casualties) at Es Sinn, taking 1,153 PoWs and 14 guns. Nureddin makes orderly retreat towards Baghdad.… learn more

Diary September 27, 1915

Diary for Monday, September 27, 1915: Western Front Loos: British pushed back in cold and rain between Fosse 8 and Hohenzollern Redoubt but Guards Division storms Pit 14 and chalk pits, recaptures Hill 70. German reserves stabilize French sector. Champagne:… learn more

Diary September 26, 1915

Diary for Sunday, September 26, 1915: Western Front Loos: 2 BEF reserve ‘New Army’ divisions (21st and 24th) attack too late and are shattered (8,246 casualties in 3 1/2 hours) before 19-feet-thick wire. American-born playwright Harold Chapin killed as Lance-Corporal… learn more

Diary September 25, 1915

Diary for Saturday, September 25, 1915: Western Front Champagne – FRENCH AUTUMN OFFENSIVE: with 16 divisions with flags flying and bands playing at 0915 hours in drenching rain (until September 29), 10th Colonial Division (General Marchand, wounded) advances 2,500 yards… learn more

Diary September 24, 1915

Diary for Friday, September 24, 1915: Southern Fronts Serbia: Austrian aircraft bomb Pozharevats. Drina crossing attempts foiled. Greece: Kitchener suggests British 10th and 11th Divisions be sent from Suvla bridgehead (Gallipoli) to Salonika. African Fronts Southeast Cameroons: Germans have forced… learn more

Diary September 23, 1915

Diary for Thursday, September 23, 1915: Western Front Joffre Order of the Day to ‘Soldiers of the Republic … … Your elan will prove irresistible’. Eastern Front Brusilov’s 4th Division (Denikin) retakes Lutsk with 12,000 PoWs. Austrian CoS Conrad sacks… learn more

Diary September 22, 1915

Diary for Wednesday, September 22, 1915: Middle East Gallipoli: Australian casualties to date 19,183 soldiers. Syria: Turk preparations for attack on Egypt reported. Eastern Front Tsar’s stern order to restore discipline. Fabeck replaces Gallwitz in command of German Twelfth Army.… learn more

Diary September 21, 1915

Diary for Tuesday, September 21, 1915: Home Fronts Germany: 1915 field service uniform introduced. Austria: Army adopts field grey in September. Britain: Third War Budget income tax up 40%, 50% on excess profits tea and tobacco duties. War costing now… learn more

Diary September 20, 1915

Diary for Monday, Septenmber 20, 1915: African Fronts East Africa – Action of Longido, just west across German border: 80 dug-in German soldiers repel 450 British. King’s African Rifles carry flag in action for last time (probably last time for… learn more

Diary September 19, 1915

Diary for Sunday, September 19, 1915: Eastern Front Falkenhayn forces Hindenburg to release more than 7 divisions, Kaiser backs him. Galicia: Army Group Böhm-Ermolli (Colonel-General) formed from Austrian Second Army and German Südarmee. Southern Fronts Serbia: Danube artillery fire exchanges… learn more

Diary September 18, 1915

Diary for Saturday, September 18, 1915: Air War Western Front: Immelmann and Boelcke share a victory, latter’s third. Eastern Front German Tenth Army (Eichhorn) takes Vilna and 22,000 PoWs. Sea War Holtzendorff withdraws all U­-boats from Southwest Approaches and Channel… learn more

Diary September 17, 1915

Diary for Friday, September 17, 1915: Western Front German First Army dissolved. French Chemical Warfare Service formed (commission since April 28). Eastern Front Brusilov’s 4 divisions check Austrian Fourth Army west of Rovno until September 22. African Fronts Southwest Africa:… learn more

Diary September 16, 1915

Diary for Thursday, September 16, 1915: Eastern Front Kaiser visits Kovno. Pripet: ­Bugarmee occupies Pinsk. African Fronts East Africa: British officials’ home leave ended except on medical grounds. Sea War Adriatic and Mediterranean: Now 5 U­-boats based at Cattaro, they… learn more

Diary September 15, 1915

Diary for Wednesday, September 15, 1915: Sea War Mediterranean: 3 Royal Navy S-class small submarines transferred to Italian Navy. Baltic: 3 more Royal Navy E-class submarines have reached Reval. Western Front Kitchener announces that 11 New Army divisions have been… learn more

Diary September 14, 1915

Diary for Tuesday, September 14, 1915: Western Front Flanders: 2nd Canadian Division moves to France (from Folkestone­ to Boulogne until September 17), enters front line before Kemmel on September 23. Eastern Front Western Russia: German 1st Cavalry Division occupies Smorgoni… learn more

Diary September 13, 1915

Diary for Monday, September 13, 1915: Eastern Front Western Russia: Prince Leopold and Woyrsch’s Battle of Sionim (­until September 18), their advance checked. Southern Fronts Bulgars and Macedonians reservists called up. African Fronts Southern Tunisia: More than 500 Tripolitanian rebels… learn more

Diary September 12, 1915

Diary for Sunday, September 12, 1915: Middle East Mesopotamia: Townshend’s 11,080 men and 30 guns begin Tigris and land advance to Kut-el-Amara in 110-120° F until September 26. Syria: French battleship Guichen with 4 other warships begin taking 4,000 Musa… learn more