Diary October 31, 1915

Diary for Sunday, October 31, 1915: Western Front Official issue of steel helmets to British troops. Southern Fronts Serbia: British join French, relieve 2 battalions northwest of lake Doiran. Sea War Gallipoli: Royal Navy destroyer Louis wrecked at Suvla, later… learn more

Diary October 30, 1915

Diary for Saturday, October 30, 1915: Sea War Dardanelles: French submarine Turquoise having been first French boat into Marmora, but forced ashore by gunfire and captured by Turks with details of British sub E20 rendezvous. Southern Fronts Serbia: Mackensen’s armies… learn more

Diary October 29, 1915

Diary for Friday, October 29, 1915: Sea War Black Sea: Salvaged ex-Turk cruiser Medjidieh incorporated in Russian Fleet at Nikolayev under the name Prut. Adriatic: Austrian CinC Conrad writes to Admiral Haus saying Serbia cut off from Salonika and attack… learn more

Diary October 28, 1915

Diary for Thursday, October 28, 1915: Western Front KING GEORGE SERIOUSLY INJURED. He visits British First Army at Labuissiere, southwest of Charleroi, then goes on to Hesdigneul and inspects parade of 1st Wing RFC. As he rides past the men… learn more

Diary October 27, 1915

Diary for Wednesday, October 27, 1915: Home Fronts Britain: Food Home Production Committee urges more intense farming, use of female labour and guaranteed prices. Western Front King George visits French armies and issues Orders of the Day. Writes in his… learn more

Diary October 26, 1915

Diary for Tuesday, October 26, 1915: Southern Fronts Serbia: Germans troops link with Bulgars south of Danube. Isonzo: Italians capture Globna and Zagora but lose latter. Air War Western Front: Observer Lt Hallam, hit in hand, lands a 10 Squadron… learn more

Diary October 25, 1915

Diary for Monday, October 25, 1915: Western Front King George writes to Lord Stamfordham, his private secretary and confidante: ‘The troops here are all right but … several of the most important Generals have entirely lost confidence in the C-in-C… learn more

Diary October 24, 1915

Diary for Sunday, October 24, 1915: Middle East German general Goltz relinquished First Army (Thrace) for Sixth (Mesopota­mia and Persia). Mesopotamia: London allows Nixon to continue advance, partly to influence Persia; Indian Corps to come from France. Arabia: ­McMahon’s letter… learn more

Diary October 23, 1915

Diary for Saturday, October 23, 1915: Southern Fronts Serbia: Serbs retake Veles (until October 29), forcing Bulgars back on Stip and fight north of Pirot. Troops of German general Gallwitz has advanced 25 miles up the Morava since October 19… learn more

Diary October 22, 1915

Diary for Friday, October 22, 1915: Southern Fronts Serbia: Austrian 62nd Division cross river Drina from Bosnia, causing mass civilian exodus towards Novipazar. Salonika: British troops authorized to leave and to help French. Eastern Front Baltic Provinces: Russian landing party… learn more

Diary October 21, 1915

Diary for Thursday, October 21, 1915: Western Front King George V visit to BEF, stays at Chateau de la Jumelle at Aire near St Omer. Eastern Front Western Russia: Fighting at Baranovichi, Russians take 3500 PoWs, but Germans storm Illukst… learn more

Diary October 20, 1915

Diary for Wednesday, October 20, 1915: Southern Fronts Dolomites: Italian 17th Division captures Cima Layazuoi and secures Cima Falzarego. Western Front Champagne: German gas attack east of Reims. Eastern Front Hindenburg’s HQ moves from Lötzen to Kovno. Galicia: ­Russian general… learn more

Diary October 19, 1915

Diary for Tuesday, October 19, 1915: Western Front Champagne: German 10­-mile wide gas cloud attack (500t chlorine/phosgene mix) on Fort Pompelle near Reims. Total French gassed: 5,096 (815 dead). Loos: Unsuccessful German counter-attacks at Quarries, Hulluch and Hohenzol­lern Redoubt. No… learn more

Diary October 18, 1915

Diary for Monday, October 18, 1915: Southern Fronts Italian Front – Third Battle of the Isonzo (until November 4): Cadorna deploys 19 divisions (5 in reserve) and 1,250 guns (1 million shells collected for 3-day barrage) against 11 Austrian divisions… learn more

Diary October 17, 1915

Diary for Sunday, October 17, 1915: Eastern Front Baltic Provinces: German Eighth Army active about Jacobstadt and Mitau (October 19); captures Dvina bank east of Riga (October 20). Western Russia: Russian attacks south of Dvinsk (and on October 23). Southern… learn more

Diary October 16, 1915

Diary for Saturday, October 16, 1915: Home Fronts France: Food Supply Ministry organized. Southern Fronts Serbia: Bulgars storm frontier forts east of Zajecar. Gallwitz has advanced only 8 miles on 40-mile front for 5,000 casualties since October 7. Serbs retreat… learn more

Diary October 15, 1915

Diary for Friday, October 15, 1915: Southern Fronts Serbia: Bulgar regiment seizes Vranje in Morava valley after daring mountain march, cutting Nis-Salonika railway. Others bombard Valandova. Trentino: Italians occupy Pregasina (north of lake Garda), offensive resumed on October 19. Western… learn more

Diary October 14, 1915

Diary for Thursday, October 14, 1915: Southern Fronts Serbia: MAIN BULGAR INVASION BEGINS with First Army (Boyadiev) attack along river Nisava. Germans storm Pozarevac east of Morava valley. Salonika: French 57th Division (18,000 strong) begins landing (ready October 23) as… learn more

Diary October 13, 1915

Diary for Wednesday, October 13, 1915: Western Front Loos: British fresh 46th (N Midland) Division captures main trench of Hohenzollern Redoubt, but 2 other divisions fail against the Quarries and Hulluch. War poet Captain Charles Sorley of Suffolk Regiment killed,… learn more

Diary October 12, 1915

Diary for Tuesday, October 12, 1915: Occupied countries Belgium – NURSE CAVELL EXECUTED BY GERMAN COURT MARTIAL (began October 7) at Brussels: ‘Patriotism is not enough. I must have no hatred or bitterness towards anyone’. Southern Fronts Sarrail lands at… learn more