Diary December 31, 1916


World War One Diary for Sunday, December 31, 1916: Home Fronts Russia: Rasputin murdered (night December 30-31). By now 14,648,000 men mobilized including 47.4% of the male peasants. Austria: Nearly 5 million men mobilized (800,000 killed, 1 million wounded and… learn more

Diary December 30, 1916

Emperor Charles at the Coronation as Hungarian King

World War One Diary for Saturday, December 30, 1916: Home Fronts Hungary: Emperor Charles crowned King Charles IV at Budapest. Germany: War Ministry dismounts 16 cavalry regiments. Russia: Tsar tells British Ambassador ‘In the event of revolution, only a small… learn more

Diary December 29, 1916

Field Marshal Sir Douglas Haig

World War One Diary for Friday, December 29, 1916: Western Front Somme: Haig’s Battle of the Somme Dispatch published, covers BEF operations from May 15 to November 18, 1916. He divides battle into four phases, lists capture of 38,000 PoWs… learn more

Diary December 28, 1916

Dead in front of a shattered dugout

World War One Diary for Thursday, December 28, 1916: Western Front Verdun: Fierce German counter-attack at Mort Homme. Secret War Salonika: Serb Colonel Dimitrievic (codename Apis) of Black Hand secret society arrested at Serb Third Army Headquarter on charges of… learn more

Diary December 27, 1916

battleship 'Gaulois'

World War One Diary for Wednesday, December 27, 1916: Sea War Aegean: ­Escorted French battleship Gaulois sunk by coastal submarine UB-47 (Steinbauer) 30 miles east of Cerigo between Crete and Peloponnese. Eastern Mediterranean: RNAS seaplanes damage Baghdad Railway‘s Chikaldir Bridge… learn more

Diary December 26, 1941

Assault of British commandos

WW2 War Diary for Friday, December 26, 1941: Sea War Norwegian Sea: British naval commando raid on Lofoten Islands. Black Sea: Russian landings on Kerch Peninsula, to assist garrison of Sebastopol (December 26-30). learn more

Diary December 26, 1916


World War One Diary for Tuesday, December 26, 1916: Western Front France: JOFFRE RESIGNS as C-in-C French Armies, is CREATED MARSHAL OF FRANCE, first since 1870. Eastern Front Rumania: Russian 124th Division holds Vizural against Bulgars until December 28 mainly… learn more

Diary December 24, 1916

British cavalry charging

World War One Diary for Sunday, December 24, 1916: Middle East Mesopotamia: British cavalry blow up Arab Fort Gusab 18 miles southeast of Kut. Eastern Front Dobruja: Bulgars attack Sakharov Macin bridgehead east of Braila, fails again on December 31.… learn more

Diary December 23, 1916

German soldiers in East Africa are attacking British troops.

World War One Diary for Saturday, December 23, 1916: African Fronts East Africa: NRFF (1,900 soldiers with 6 guns) advances from Lupembe against Captain Langenn to Mkapira (­arriving January 16, 1917) without trapping foe. Eastern Front Rumania – Battle of… learn more

Diary December 22, 1916

French poster appeals for economy

World War One Diary for Friday, December 22, 1916: Western Front France: Mangin in command of French Sixth Army, Micheler to head Reserve Army Group for 1917 spring offensive, Duchene takes over latter’s Tenth Army. Eastern Front Rumania – Battle… learn more

Diary December 20, 1916

Reich Chancellor Bethmann-Hollweg

World War One Diary for Wednesday, December 20, 1916: Home Fronts Germany: Chancellor Bethmann comes under sustained pressure from German Army and Navy for unlimited U-boat warfare without delay (December 20-26). Ludendorff urges immediate unrestricted U-boat war in view of… learn more

Diary December 19, 1916

Lloyd George (center) with Marshal Foch and Aristide Briand

World War One Diary for Tuesday, December 19, 1916: Politics Britain: Lloyd George’s first speech as Prime Minister rejects peace talks without definite proposals ‘… we shall put our trust rather in an unbroken army than in broken faith’. British… learn more

Diary December 18, 1916

French colonial Zouaves troops

World War One Diary for Monday, December 18, 1916: Western Front Verdun:- First offensive Battle of Verdun ends; 4th (French 126th Division) Zouaves recapture Les Chambrettes Farm. Mangin thanks his XI Corps ‘We have the method and we have the… learn more

Diary December 17, 1916

French greeting card World War One

World War One Diary for Sunday, December 17, 1916: Western Front Artois: Marwitz takes over German Second Army from Gallwitz (until September 22, 1918) who goes to Fifth Army at Verdun. Eastern Front Dobruja: Bulgars break through, causing chaos; 1… learn more

Diary December 16, 1941

Russian artillery enters the re-captured Klin

WW2 War Diary for Tuesday, December 16, 1941: Eastern Front Russians recapture Klin northwest of Moscow. Sea War Pacific: Dutch submarine O.16 torpedoes 4 Japanese transports in Gulf of Siam (O.16 later destroyed in British minefield off Singapore). Japanese land… learn more

Diary December 16, 1916

commander of the German Fifth Army at Verdun, Crown Prince Wilhelm

World War One Diary for Saturday, December 16, 1916: Western Front Verdun: French 133rd Division (Passaga) recaptures Bezon­vaux and Hardaumont. German counter-attack regains Les Chambrettes Farm on December 17. Eastern Front Pripet: Russian positions between Kovel and Lutsk captured (restored… learn more

Diary December 15, 1916

Germans captured at Verdun

World War One Diary for Friday, December 15, 1916: Western Front Verdun – GREAT FRENCH ATTACK (north of Fort Douaumont): 2-mile penetration at 1000 hours recaptures Vacherauville, Hill 342 (Poivre Hill), Louvemont and Les Chambrettes with 3,500 PoWs. Mangin employs… learn more

Diary December 14, 1916

War in cinema

World War One Diary for Thursday, December 14, 1916: Eastern Front Rumania: Falkenhayn enters Buzeu in push for Braila and Galatz (Danube towns); all Wallachia in German hands, military government established at Bucharest. Air War Turkey: RNAS bomb Kuleli­-Burgas rail… learn more

Diary December 13, 1916

British gunboat on the Tigris

World War One Diary for Wednesday, December 13, 1916: Middle East Mesopotamia: Maude begins Tigris offensive with 48,500 men; 174 guns and 24 planes against 20,600 Turks with 70 guns: Sannaiyat shelled and Shalt-el-Hai Canal bridged (6 pontoon bridges by… learn more

Diary December 12, 1916


World War One Diary for Tuesday, December 12, 1916: Western Front GERMANY MAKES PEACE PROPOSALS. France: Foch removed by Joffre from command of Northern Army Group (d’Esperey succeeds on December 27); JOFFRE SUCCEEDED BY HIS CHOICE, NIVELLE (announced December 16,… learn more