Diary January 31, 1916

Diary for Monday, January 31, 1916: Air War Britain: First German airship raid on the Midlands by 9 Zeppelins (night January 31-February 1) sporadic and off course, Liverpool not reached but frequent false alarms (until March 5). Naval Airship Division… learn more

Diary January 30, 1916

Diary for Sunday, January 30, 1916: Home Fronts Britain: War Savings Committees begun. France: BEF arrest Attorney-General F E Smith for visiting Churchill’s HQ without a pass. He, Bonar Law and Lloyd George agree following day at St Omer that… learn more

Diary January 29, 1916

Diary for Saturday, January 29, 1916: Secret War Britain: Mother prototype tank begins successful trials. Western Front Somme: German Second Army success northeast of Dampierre. Eastern Front Alexeiev (Russian Chief of Staff) to Admiral Eberhardt (Black Sea Fleet): ‘… we… learn more

Diary January 28, 1916

Diary for Friday, January 28, 1916: Eastern Front Russia: Prince Lvov and the Mayor of Moscow visit General Alexeiev; Army morale much improved but hardly an able officer above regiment commanders. Tsar does not interfere. Southern Fronts Albania: Austrians occupy… learn more

Diary January 27, 1916

Diary for Thursday, January 27, 1916: Western Front Flanders and Artois: German attacks at Loos and Neuville-St Vaast. Argonne: Mining and counter-mining activity. Verdun: Falkenhayn‘s final orders for Operation ‘Gericht’, ‘an offensive in the Meuse area in the direction of… learn more

Diary January 26, 1916

Diary for Wednesday, January 26, 1916: Southern Fronts Falkenhayn orders Gallwitz to prepare attack across Greek frontier; despite Bulgar protests Germans stock shells at Veles, but single-line railway overstrained. African Fronts Southern Cameroons: Allies occupy Nkan; the 550 or more… learn more

Diary January 25, 1916

Diary for Tuesday, January 25, 1916: Middle East Armenia: Russian battalion seizes key Kargapazar (‘Crow Bazaar’) Ridge (c.9750 ft); 15 miles northeast of Erzerum. Whole 4th Caucasus Rifle Division concen­trates there by January 31. Mesopota­mia: Aylmer encamps at El Owasa;… learn more

Diary January 24, 1916

Diary for Monday, January 24, 1916: Sea War North Sea: Vice-Admiral Reinhard Scheer becomes C-in-C German High Seas Fleet in succession to Pohl (resigns January 19, dies in February of cancer, aged 60). Scheer advocates offensive and proposes battlecruiser raids… learn more

Diary January 23, 1916

Diary for Sunday, January 23, 1916: Air War First Royal Flying Corps all-FE2b two-seat pusher squadron (No 20) reaches France (No 25 on 20 February; No 23 on 16 March; No 22 on 1 April). Western Front Artois: Violent German… learn more

Diary January 22, 1916

Diary for Saturday, January 22, 1916: Southern Fronts Montenegro: Austrians occupy Antivari and Culcigno on coast. Albania: ­Austro-Bulgarian troops take Berat. Sea War Montenegro: Allied evacuation at San Giovanni di Medusa (8,338 men) ends. Air War Britain: Hit-and-run single or… learn more

Diary January 21, 1916

Neutrals Switzerland: Severely wounded Franco­-German PoW exchange. Politics US ‘Colonel’ House in Paris, at Berlin on January 26, returns to Paris on February 2. Eastern Front Renewed Russian attack in East Poland. Southern Fronts Albania: Austrian patrols enter Scutari. Middle… learn more

Diary January 20, 1916

Diary for Thursday, January 20, 1916: Middle East Gallipoli: 36,000 Turkish soldiers (more than 2 divisions) leave for Mesopotamia. Western Front Verdun: Castelnau, Joffre‘s deputy, inspects defences, puts improvements in hand. African Fronts Southern Cameroons: French Southern Force takes Mansin,… learn more