Diary March 31, 1916

Diary for Friday, March 31, 1916: Western Front In April German Army ration strength 6,767,144 soldiers and c.8,000 MGs in service. Verdun: French evacuate Malancourt and also lose ground at Vaux. German setback at Mort Homme. German casualties now 81,607… learn more

Diary March 30, 1916

Diary for Thursday, March 30, 1916: Western Front Verdun: German attacks at Fort Douaumont and Malancourt. France: British GHQ leaves St Omer for Montreuil. Sea War Black Sea: U33 sinks Russian hospital ship Portugal (115 lost) off Ofi near Trebizond… learn more

Diary March 29, 1916

Diary for Wednesday, March 29, 1916: Home Fronts Russia: Reforming War Minister General Polivanov resigns after Tsarina and Rasputin’s intrigues; General Shuvaev succeeds. Japan: ­War Minister Lieutenant General Oka resigns, Lieutenant General Oshima succeeds following day. Western Front Verdun –… learn more

Diary March 28, 1916

Diary for Tuesday, March 28, 1916: Western Front Flanders: Haig writes ‘all reports agree as to the efficiency of the 3-in Stokes mortar’. Eastern Front Galicia: Russian success north of Bojan. Middle East Egypt: II Anzac Corps formed for Western… learn more

Diary March 27, 1916

Diary for Monday, March 27, 1916: Russian Front Western Russia: Front line totally waterlogged, Russian north wing ceases attacks (West Front losses 70,000 men). Western Front Flanders: British 3rd Division attack at St Eloi craters south of Ypres, captures 1st… learn more

Diary March 26, 1916

Diary for Sunday, March 26, 1916: Western Front Flanders: British success at Hohenzollern Redoubt Southern Fronts Carnia: Austrians surprise capture Pal Piccolo, but Italians retake it after four attempts with 689 casualties. Politics France – Briand opens Allied Paris Conference… learn more

Diary March 25, 1916

Diary for Saturday, March 25, 1916: Air War Western Front: First British aircraft (Bristol Scout) with MG interrupter gear arrives in France. Eastern Front Western Russia: Baluyev’s first vain attack on ‘Ferdinand’s Nose’ salient (repeated on March 27, 31 and… learn more

Diary March 24, 1916

Diary for Friday, March 24, 1916: Sea War Channel: British Folkestone­-Dieppe ferry Sussex torpedoed by coastal submarine UB29 (Flanders Flotilla) as suspected troopship, 50 dead, including 3 Americans and Spanish composer Granados. North Sea: Harwich Force sorties with carrier Vindex… learn more

Diary March 23, 1916

Diary for Thursday, March 23, 1916: Sea War Mediterranean: U35 sinks 13,543t British Transport Minneapolis (12 lives lost) 195 miles east of Malta. First Pola-built U-boat in service; coastal submarine UB UB42. Western Front Somme: British trench raid at Gommecourt.… learn more

Diary March 22, 1916

Diary for Wenesday, March 22, 1916: Sea War First depth charge submarine kill: Q-ship Farnborough (Campbell) sinks U68 off Southwest Ireland. Germans aware of new weapon after vain attacks on April 15 and 20. Aegean: Royal Navy minesweeper Whitby Abbey… learn more

Diary March 21, 1916

Diary for Tuesday, March 21, 1916: Western Front Verdun: German shell Hill 304. French now have 1,294 guns (570 medium and heavy), the 155mm heavy guns alone fire 278,000 rounds in March. Eastern Front Baltic Provinces – Russian North Front… learn more

Diary March 20, 1916

Diary for Monday, March 20, 1916: Western Front Verdun, West bank: 11th Bavarian Division captures Avocourt Wood and 2,825 French PoWs, with flame­throwers, but Germans are repulsed on Poivre Heights (East bank). Eastern Front Russian strength now total 1,670,928 infantryman… learn more

Diary March 19, 1916

Diary for Sunday, March 19, 1916: Eastern Front Galicia: Russian success northwest of Uscieczko bridgehead on river Dniester (until March 21). Middle East Egypt: Murray succeeds Maxwell as C-in-C after 2-day conference on Kut at Ismailia and Cairo. MEF and… learn more

Diary March 18, 1916

Diary for Saturday, March 18, 1916: Eastern Front Western Russia – First Battle of Lake Naroch (until April 14): Record of 1,271 Russian guns fire blind for 8 hours before Ragoza’s Second Army (20 divisions with 350,000 men) of Evert’s… learn more

Diary March 17, 1916

Diary for Friday, March 17, 1916: Eastern Front Spring thaw begins unexpect­edly early, but Russian offensive not postponed. learn more

Diary March 16, 1916

Diary for Thursday, March 16, 1916: Western Front Verdun: Renewed German assaults on Mort Homme and Vaux, latter repels five attacks. German III (Brandenburg) Corps withdrawn to regain strength (1916 class conscripts joining since March 7). Middle East Armenia: Russians… learn more

Diary March 15, 1916

Diary for Wednesday, March 15, 1916: Southern Fronts Italian Front – Italian Third Army losses in the Fifth Battle of the Isonzo: 1,882 men, Austrians 1,985 men. Middle East Mesopotamia: Tigris rises by 3 ft, floods Dujaila Redoubt and damages… learn more

Diary March 14, 1916

Diary for Tuesday, March 14, 1916: African Fronts Western Desert – Major-General Peyton reoccupies Sollum: 10 armoured cars storm Senussi camp 20 miles in the west, take 3 guns, 9 MGs and 40 PoWs including Turk officers. 9 armored cars… learn more

Diary March 13, 1916

Diary for Monday, March 13, 1916: Southern Fronts Italian Front: Italian 21st Division gains one hump of Mount San Michele. Salonika: French 243rd Brigade (122nd Division) begin skirmishing advance up Vardar to frontier, drives German patrol from Machukovo village on… learn more

Diary March 12, 1916

Diary for Sunday, March 12, 1916: Sea War Germany: TIRPITZ RESIGNS. Adriatic: Admiral Haus memo to Conrad prevents Austrian Fleet making a ‘ruthless undertaking’ with Army’s planned Tyrol offensive, cites 25 or more narrow escapes by cruisers and below from… learn more