Diary May 31, 1916

Diary for Wednesday, May 31, 1916: Sea War North Sea – BATTLE OF JUTLAND (until June 1, German Battle of the Skaggerak): Scheer orders northward sweep to raid Allied shipping off Scandinavia and perhaps attack British 10th Cruiser squadron. German… learn more

Diary May 30, 1916

Diary for Tuesday, May 30, 1916: Sea War North Sea: Royal Navy’s Room 40 gives early warning of German Fleet sortie and that 16 U-boats on sea. Main body of Grand Fleet (Jellicoe) leaves Scapa and Invergordon at 2200 hours.… learn more

Diary May 29, 1916

Diary for Monday, May 29, 1916: Western Front Verdun: German attacks on Hill 304 (unsuccessful) and northwest of Cumieres (trenches carried). Eastern Front Kaiser and Falkenhayn visit Hindenburg and Ludendorff at Kovno. Southern Fronts Italian Front: Italians lose Mt Aralta,… learn more

Diary May 28, 1916

Diary for Sunday, May 28, 1916: Western Front Verdun: German Alpenkorps (from Champagne) again in action. Flanders: Haig warns Second Army (Plumer) to hasten preparations for offensive as it might be needed (ie before planned Somme offensive) due to French… learn more

Diary May 27, 1916

Diary for Saturday, May 27, 1916: Southern Fronts Salonika: Bulgar division and German troops occupy by Greeks evacuated Fort Rupel and 3 villages south of frontier thus blocking Struma valley. Trentino: Austrians closing on Arsiero. Eastern Front Poland: Linsingen tells… learn more

Diary May 26, 1916

Diary for Friday, May 26, 1916: Southern Fronts Italian Front: Archduke Eugene shifts main thrust east onto Asiago Plateau so as to reach Brenta valley towards Bassano and Venetian plains. Italian supreme commander Cadorna orders surplus heavy artillery and stores… learn more

Diary May 25, 1916

Diary for Thursday, May 25, 1916: Southern Fronts Italian Front: Austrian III Corps occupies Corno di Campo Verde (6,815 ft) and captures Portule line east of Val d’Assa. Western Front Verdun: Great German attack between Hardaumont Wood and Thiaumont Farm,… learn more

Diary May 24, 1916

Diary for Wednesday, May 24, 1916: Western Front Verdun – Fighting on whole front: Germans regain Fort Douaumont and Caillette woods with 100 PoWs. Mangin temporarily disgraced. French recapture part of Cumieres (west bank). One French division’s artillery relieved on… learn more

Diary May 23, 1916

Diary for Tuesday, May 23, 1916: Western Front Artois, Vimy: BEF IV Corps counter-attack with 2 brigades ruined by German counter-barrage; British losses 2,500 to 1,344 German. Verdun: German counter­-attack cuts off French in fort Douaumont who cannot be reinforced.… learn more

Diary May 22, 1916

Diary for Monday, May 22, 1916: Air War Verdun: French Nieuport 11s of Esc N65 destroy 6 kite-balloons using very short-range firework­-type rocket projectiles devised by French Navy Lieutenant Le Prieur. Western Front: 2nd Lieutenant Ball forces down 2 German… learn more

Diary May 21, 1916

Diary for Sunday, May 21, 1916: Southern Fronts Italian Front: Cadorna forms reserve Fifth Army (whose 5 Corps and 2 cavalry divisions concentrate in Vicenza-Padua­-Citadella triangle by June 5); puts Lieutenant-General Lequio from Carnia in command Sette Commune area north… learn more

Diary May 20, 1916

Diary for Saturday, May 20, 1916: Western Front Verdun: Gallwitz’s 5 German divisions assault Mort Homme, seize the top summit of Hill 295. Eastern Front Russia: Italy appeals to STAVKA for diversionary Russian offensive, culminates in King’s telegram from May… learn more

Diary May 19, 1916

Diary for Friday, May 19, 1916: Southern Fronts Trentino: Italians abandon Mt Toraro-Mt Melignone line, destroying their forts, but after 5-mile advance Austrian XX Corps waits for artillery to come up for next phase as Italian First Army commits last… learn more

Diary May 18, 1916

Diary for Thursday, May 18, 1916: Western Front Verdun: Unsuccessful German attack on Avocourt Wood and Hill 304 (repeated following day); 300 French guns (including 4 x 14.5-in mortars) begin shelling Fort Douaumont sector. Southern Fronts Trentino: Austrian VIII Corps… learn more

Diary May 17, 1916

Diary for Wednesday, May 17, 1916: Southern Fronts Trentino: Austrians claim 6,300 PoWs. Tyrol Kaiserjager capture Mts Maggio and Sima di Campulozzo. Salonika: British War Committee rejects Macedonian offensive. Western Front Russia: By now 103,000 of Brusilov’s men have seen… learn more

Diary May 16, 1916

Diary for Tuesday, May 16, 1916: Southern Fronts Italian Front: Cadorna arrives at Thiene from Udine to conduct Trentino defence. Middle East Armenia: 15,000 Russians (new 127th Division) sail from Mariupol (Azov Sea) for Trebizond in 28 ships and land… learn more

Diary May 15, 1916

Diary for Monday, May 15, 1916: Southern Fronts AUSTRIAN TRENTINO OFFENSIVE begins on 21-mile front with 4 hours intensive barrage from 0600 hours. Elite XX Edelweiss Corps (Archduke Charles) has 253 guns in direct support plus 140 from III Corps,… learn more

Diary May 14, 1916

Diary for Sunday, May 14, 1916: Southern Front Salonika: Joffre forwards 1916 Macedonian offensive plan to British, asks for 2 more divisions. Isonzo: Austrians recapture Adria shipyard with Hills 12 and 93 at Monfalcone. Neutrals China: Huimin Corporation signs contract… learn more

Diary May 13, 1916

Diary for Saturday, May 13, 1916: Sea War Adriatic: Royal Navy Otranto Barrage drifter sinks Austrian sub U6 and forces her to scuttle, the only definite Otranto Barrage U­-boat kill of the war. Western Front Artois: British repulse attack on… learn more

Diary May 12, 1916

Diary for Friday, May 12, 1916: Western Front Verdun: German attacks on French centre. Middle East Mesopotamia: Captured British general Townshend leaves Baghdad, reaches Mosul on May 19. African Fronts Lake Tanganyika: Commander Spicer­-Simpson returns to Lukuga (left on February… learn more