Diary July 31, 1916

Diary for Monday, July 31, 1916: Western Front 5 German divisions sent from Western Front to Eastern Front during July. Joffre summons Foch to get him to persuade (vainly) Haig to launch broad-front attacks. Battle of the Somme­: German casualties… learn more

Diary July 30, 1916

Diary for Sunday, July 30, 1916: Western Front Battle of the Somme: Very hot, clear day. Joint Franco-British attack north of Somme improves situation on Allied right flank, Guillemont entered (fighting continues until July 31), Maurepas reached. Eastern Front Germany:… learn more

Diary July 29, 1916

Diary for Saturday, July 29, 1916: Western Front Battle of the Somme: Two failed German attempts to retake Delville Wood. Hand-to-hand fighting north of Pozieres; Germans repulse Australian attack on the Windmill. CIGS letter to Haig, ‘The Powers that be… learn more

Diary July 28, 1916

Diary for Friday, July 28, 1916: Eastern Front Brusilov Offensive resumes. Pripet: 250,000 Russians (gas shell barrage on part of sector) against 115,000 Austro­-German troops. Lesch and Kaledin partly cross Upper Stokhod; Guard Army takes 3 villages, 46 guns, 65… learn more

Diary July 27, 1916

Diary for Thursday, July 27, 1916: Western Front Battle of the Somme: British advance in Delville Wood, fighting continues near Pozieres and at Longueval. Aisne and Cham­pagne: German diversionary attacks. Middle East Arabia: Yenbo (Medina‘s port, including Stotzingen mission to… learn more

Diary July 26, 1916

Diary for Wednesday, July 26, 1916: African Fronts East Africa: Gold Coast Regiment lands at Mombasa (2nd West Indian Regiment arrives on July 27). Western Desert: British-Italian armoured car raid from Sollum. Home Fronts Britain – Commissions of Enquiry into… learn more

Diary July 25, 1916

Diary for Tuesday, July 25, 1916: Western Front Battle of the Somme: All German troops cleared from Pozieres village. Haig, Foch and Fayolle agree joint attack for July 30. Rawlinson diary on Battle of the Somme film ‘Some of it… learn more

Diary July 24, 1916

Diary for Monday, July 24, 1916: African Fronts East Africa: NRFF (1,200 soldiers) defeats Captain Braunschweig’s Southern Detachment at Malangali, drives it towards Iringa. Belgian battalion takes Kasulu. Western Front Battle of the Somme: German counter­attacks at High Wood and… learn more

Diary July 23, 1916

Diary for Sunday, July 23, 1916: Western Front Battle of the Somme: Battle of Pozieres Ridge (second phase of Somme battle) begins (until September 3). Anzac Corps captures Pozieres village, XIII Corps recaptures most of Delville Wood. African Fronts East… learn more

Diary July 22, 1916

Diary for Saturday, July 22, 1916: Southern Fronts Trentino: Alpini battalion and 154th Regiment night attack and gain footing north of Mt Cimone summit (July 23) dominating Arsiero to south (Austrian counter-attacks repelled on July 31), but attack on Bocchetta… learn more

Diary July 21, 1916

Diary for Friday, July 21, 1916: Eastern Front Pripet: Bezobrazov‘s Guard Army (11 divisions, 134,000 men and 396 guns) formed. Brusilov Offensive – Galicia: Austrians retreat and begin to evacuate Brody. Heavy rain (July 23-28) delays Brusilov’s Seventh and Ninth… learn more

Diary July 20, 1916

Diary for Thursday, July 20, 1916: Western Front Battle of the Somme: 778 surviving South Africans relieved at Delville Wood. 4 British divisions begin attacks on High Wood (until July 30). Verdun: Mangin’s French attack in Souville-Thiaumont sector gains ground… learn more

Diary July 19, 1916

Diary for Wednesday, July 19, 1916: Western Front Flanders: British First Army diversionary attack but inept daylight attack at Fromelles (until July 20) fails bloody, new 5th Australian Division has 5,500 casualties. Battle of the Somme: Germans outflank left flank… learn more

Diary July 18, 1916

Diary for Tuesday, July 18, 1916: Western Front Battle of the Somme: Strong German counter-attacks at Longueval and Delville Wood. Middle East Armenia: Russians occupy Gumusane, capture 800 Turks 15 miles southwest of Bayburt. Arabia: British government ratifies treaty with… learn more

Diary July 17, 1916

Diary for Monday, July 17, 1916: Southern Fronts Macedonia: Serbs begin to move to take over 60 miles of front west of river Vardar. Sarrail told to be ready to attack on August 1 in combination with Russo­-Rumanian thrust south… learn more

Diary July 16, 1916

Diary for Sunday, July 16, 1916: Home Fronts Britain: War Savings Week. Western Front Battle of the Somme: British 62nd Brigade relieved at Mametz Wood (night July 15-16). Since July 12, heavy German guns have inflicted 950 casualties. Eastern Front… learn more

Diary July 15, 1916

Diary for Saturday, July 15, 1916: Western Front Battle of the Somme – Battle of Delville Wood (until July 20): 3,153-strong South African Brigade, ordered to capture and hold wood at all costs, secures most of it. For five nights… learn more

Diary July 14, 1916

Diary for Friday, July 14, 1916: Western Front Battle of the Somme – Battle of Bazentin Ridge: 4 BEF divisions (22,000 men) break into German second position on 3 1/2-mile front after dawn 0325 hours surprise attack and 5-minutes bombardment,… learn more

Diary July 13, 1916

Diary for Thursday, July 13, 1916: Eastern Front Brusilov offensive, Galicia: Heavy fighting in Suedarmee centre northwest of Buczacz on river Styrpa; Russian Seventh Army takes 12,000 PoWs. Neutrals Western Front Battle of the Somme: Battle of Albert ends. Champagne:… learn more

Diary July 12, 1916

Diary for Wednesday, July 12, 1916: Western Front Battle of the Somme: British repulse further counter-attacks at Contalmaison. Air War Western Front: French ace-to-be Xavier de Sevin scores his first victory over Chamouille (Champagne). RFC 18 Squadron night bombs 8… learn more