Diary August 31, 1916

Diary for Thursday, August 31, 1916: Sea War Allied shipping losses 205,000t (British 23 ships worth 43,354t with 8 lives lost). Total including 77 ships (129,368t) to U-boats in Mediterranean. 2 U-boats lost. At Pless Hindenburg and Ludendorff press for… learn more

Diary August 30, 1916

Diary for Wednesday, August 30, 1916: Air War Western Front: No 24 Squadron encounters first time 3 Albatros DI Destroyer-Scouts (Jasta 1). Macedonia: Allied air raid on Buk bridges northeast of Drama. Western Front France: Colonel Estienne promoted Brigade-General and… learn more

Diary August 29, 1916

Diary for Tuesday, August 29, 1916: Western Front Germany: FALKENHAYN (German CoS) DISMISSED BY KAISER, REPLACED BY FM HIN­DENBURG WITH GENERAL LUDENDORFF (1st QMG) AS HIS ASSISTANT. Battle of the Somme­: Since July 1, British have taken 15,469 PoWs, 86… learn more

Diary August 28, 1916

Diary for Monday, August 28, 1916: Western Front Battle of the Somme: Army Group Crown Prince Rupprecht created for duration. General Gallwitz in command of German Second Army records that since June 26 1,068 field guns of 1,208 plus 379… learn more

Diary August 27, 1916

Diary for Sunday, August 27, 1916: Eastern Front RUMANIA INVADES HUNGARIAN TRANSYLVANIA (Austria-Hungary) via eight major passes, a month earlier than Falkenhayn expected; Kaiser’s reaction ‘The war is lost’. Brusilov offensive, Carpathians: Lechitski (17 divisions) attacks on 75-mile front between… learn more

Diary August 26, 1916

Diary for Saturday, August 26, 1916: African Fronts East Africa: Rhodesians and Baluchis occupy Morogoro on Central Railway (Smuts enters August 27), 115 miles east of Dar-es-Salaam; 28,000 British oxen lost since May 25. Lake Force begins advance south on… learn more

Diary August 25, 1916

Diary for Friday, August 25, 1916: Western Front Battle of the Somme: British secure Delville Wood and repulse attacks south of Thiepval. Champagne: German attack west of Tahure repulsed. Ypres: New 4th Canadian Division arrives. Eastern Front Dobruja: Russian Dobruja… learn more

Diary August 24, 1916

Diary for Thursday, August 24, 1916: Western Front Battle of the Somme: British GHQ letter to General Rawlinson (Fourth Army) emphasizes it is vital to secure Ginchy, Guillemont and Falfemont Farm without delay. Foch’s co-operation secured (August 25); attack to… learn more

Diary August 23, 1916

Diary for Wednesday, August 23, 1916: Air War Western Front: Germans form first regular fighter squadron Jasta 1 (Captain Martin Zander), Boelcke’s Jasta 2 (August 30), both and two more units assigned to Somme. Britain: Army Zeppelin LZ97 scatters 34… learn more

Diary August 22, 1916

Diary for Tuesday, August 22, 1916: Eastern Front Galicia: Turk 19th (arrived August 13) and 20th Divisions (Gallipoli veterans) take over 12-mile sector between Suedarmee German divisions. Western Front Battle of the Somme: Haig chides Rawlinson for failing to take… learn more

Diary August 21, 1916

Diary for Monday, August 21, 1916: Sea War North Sea: Royal Navy submarine E54 torpedoes and sinks German mine-laying sub UC10 at Schouwen Bank. Western Front Battle of the Somme: Fresh German counter-attack near Thiepval (2 more to south fail… learn more

Diary August 20, 1916

Diary for Sunday, August 20, 1916: Sea War Mediterranean: U35 (Arnauld) returns to Cattaro after record-breaking 25-day cruise (since July 26) sinkings with 900 shells and 4 torpedoes: 54 ships (32 Italian carrying 50,000t coal), totalling 91.0001 mainly in Western… learn more

Diary August 19, 1916

Diary for Saturday, August 19, 1916: Sea War North Sea: British Grand Fleet cruisers Nottingham and Falmouth (3 hits each) sunk in actions between 0557 hours and noon (August 20) by U52, U63 and U66, forcing Jellicoe’s 29 battleships northward… learn more

Diary August 18, 1916

Diary for Friday, August 18, 1916: Sea War North Sea: Whole High Seas Fleet puts to sea (until August 19) for penultimate time until April 1918 with aim of shelling Sunderland and drawing British warships onto five lines of U-boats… learn more

Diary August 17, 1916

Diary for Thursday, August 17, 1916: Home Fronts Germany: Meat ration fixed. Western Front Battle of the Somme: British capture trench northwest of Bazentin. German counter-attack held northwest of Pozieres. Verdun­: French Moroccan Colonial Regiment secure Fleury and Thiaumont (­August… learn more

Diary August 16, 1916

Diary for Wednesday, August 16, 1916: Air War Somme: Second Lieutenant Ball in Nieuport 17 attacks 5 Rolands, forcing 2 down, destroys 2 more on August 22 in 11 Squadron action with about 15 German aircraft (4 lost); makes another… learn more

Diary August 15, 1916

Diary for Tuesday, August 15, 1916: Eastern Front Brusilov offensive: Brusilov has received 26 extra divisions since June 12 (but Austro­-Germans 33 1/2, including 23 German). Galicia: Lechitski reaches Solotwina west of Stanislau, gains heights south of Jablonitsa Pass (August… learn more

Diary August 14, 1916

Diary for Monday, August 14, 1916: Southern Fronts Isonzo: General Italian attack all along line (until August 17) without appreciable gains but heavy losses. Eastern Front Germany; Hoffmann diary: ‘Continual friction with the Austrians and almost more with OHL’. Russia:… learn more

Diary August 13, 1916

Diary for Sunday, August 13, 1916: Western Front Battle of the Somme: British 15th Division captures Munster Alley. Artillery duels north and south of the river on August 14. Eastern Front Transylvania: Austrian First Army (Arz) formed against Rumania. Southern… learn more

Diary August 12, 1916

Diary for Saturday, August 12, 1916: Western Front France: Joffre (with Foch) and Haig confer at Beauquesne. Haig proposes prelim combined attack from the Somme to High Wood on August 18. King George and President Poincare also meet at Beauquesne… learn more