Diary August 31, 1916

Diary for Thursday, August 31, 1916: Sea War Allied shipping losses 205,000t (British 23 ships worth 43,354t with 8 lives lost). Total including 77 ships (129,368t) to U-boats in Mediterranean. 2 U-boats lost. At Pless Hindenburg and Ludendorff press for… learn more

Diary August 30, 1916

Diary for Wednesday, August 30, 1916: Air War Western Front: No 24 Squadron encounters first time 3 Albatros DI Destroyer-Scouts (Jasta 1). Macedonia: Allied air raid on Buk bridges northeast of Drama. Western Front France: Colonel Estienne promoted Brigade-General and… learn more

Diary August 29, 1916

Diary for Tuesday, August 29, 1916: Western Front Germany: FALKENHAYN (German CoS) DISMISSED BY KAISER, REPLACED BY FM HIN­DENBURG WITH GENERAL LUDENDORFF (1st QMG) AS HIS ASSISTANT. Battle of the Somme­: Since July 1, British have taken 15,469 PoWs, 86… learn more

Diary August 28, 1916

Diary for Monday, August 28, 1916: Western Front Battle of the Somme: Army Group Crown Prince Rupprecht created for duration. General Gallwitz in command of German Second Army records that since June 26 1,068 field guns of 1,208 plus 379… learn more

Diary August 27, 1916

Diary for Sunday, August 27, 1916: Eastern Front RUMANIA INVADES HUNGARIAN TRANSYLVANIA (Austria-Hungary) via eight major passes, a month earlier than Falkenhayn expected; Kaiser’s reaction ‘The war is lost’. Brusilov offensive, Carpathians: Lechitski (17 divisions) attacks on 75-mile front between… learn more

Diary August 26, 1941

Diary for Saturday, August 26, 1941: African Fronts East Africa: Rhodesians and Baluchis occupy Morogoro on Central Railway (Smuts enters August 27), 115 miles east of Dar-es-Salaam; 28,000 British oxen lost since May 25. Lake Force begins advance south on… learn more

Diary August 25, 1916

Diary for Friday, August 25, 1916: Western Front Battle of the Somme: British secure Delville Wood and repulse attacks south of Thiepval. Champagne: German attack west of Tahure repulsed. Ypres: New 4th Canadian Division arrives. Eastern Front Dobruja: Russian Dobruja… learn more

Diary August 24, 1916

Diary for Thursday, August 24, 1916: Western Front Battle of the Somme: British GHQ letter to General Rawlinson (Fourth Army) emphasizes it is vital to secure Ginchy, Guillemont and Falfemont Farm without delay. Foch’s co-operation secured (August 25); attack to… learn more

Diary August 23, 1916

Diary for Wednesday, August 23, 1916: Air War Western Front: Germans form first regular fighter squadron Jasta 1 (Captain Martin Zander), Boelcke’s Jasta 2 (August 30), both and two more units assigned to Somme. Britain: Army Zeppelin LZ97 scatters 34… learn more

Diary August 22, 1916

Diary for Tuesday, August 22, 1916: Eastern Front Galicia: Turk 19th (arrived August 13) and 20th Divisions (Gallipoli veterans) take over 12-mile sector between Suedarmee German divisions. Western Front Battle of the Somme: Haig chides Rawlinson for failing to take… learn more

Diary August 21, 1916

Diary for Monday, August 21, 1916: Sea War North Sea: Royal Navy submarine E54 torpedoes and sinks German mine-laying sub UC10 at Schouwen Bank. Western Front Battle of the Somme: Fresh German counter-attack near Thiepval (2 more to south fail… learn more

Diary August 20, 1916

Diary for Sunday, August 20, 1916: Sea War Mediterranean: U35 (Arnauld) returns to Cattaro after record-breaking 25-day cruise (since July 26) sinkings with 900 shells and 4 torpedoes: 54 ships (32 Italian carrying 50,000t coal), totalling 91.0001 mainly in Western… learn more