Diary September 30, 1916

Great War Diary for Saturday, September 30, 1916: Air War Western Front: German September losses 27 aircraft to 123 Anglo­-French, RFC attacks 3 airfields. Trenchard writes to War Office via Haig for more numerous efficient fighters. RFC has flown a… learn more

Diary September 29, 1916

Great War Diary for Friday, September 29, 1916: Western Front Battle of the Somme: British capture strongly fortified Destremont Farm. Colonel H Elles, aged 36, appointed to command British tank force. Haig orders offensive for October 12. Eastern Front Transylvania… learn more

Diary September 28, 1916

Great War Diary for Thursday, September 28, 1916: Western Front Battle of the Somme: British capture most of Schwaben Redoubt and Canadian Corps advance 1,000 yds north and northeast of Courcelette (until September 30). French advance at Morval. Politics Austria-Hungary:… learn more

Diary September 27, 1916

Great War Diary for Wednesday, September 27, 1916: Western Front Battle of the Somme: British attack Stuff Redoubt and advance north of Flers. Thiepval (ruins) captured by British after hand-to-hand fighting. Verdun: French repulse attack at Thiaumont­-Fleury. African Fronts East… learn more

Diary September 26, 1916

Great War Diary for Tuesday, September 26, 1916: Western Front Battle of the Somme – Battle of Thiepval Ridge (until September 28): British with 13 Tank Mk I capture Thiepval (18th Division German soldier writes ‘… it was absolutely crushing’),… learn more

Diary September 25, 1916

Great War Diary for Monday, September 25, 1916: Western Front Battle of the Somme – Battle of Morval (­until September 28): Allied attack at 1235 hours. British with 2 tanks capture Lesboeufs and Morval and almost surround Combles. Slight French… learn more

Diary September 24, 1916

Diary for Sunday, September 24, 1916: Western Front Battle of the Somme: British repulse counter-attack west of Lesboeufs. Air War Western Front: 60 RFC fighters (3 lost) destroy at least 4 German aircraft, in group attacks on Cambrai area airfields.… learn more

Diary September 23, 1916

Diary for Saturday, September 23, 1916: Air War Britain: 9 of 12 Zeppelins reach East England (night September 23-24), drop 371 bombs causing 170 civilian casualties (151 in London) but L32 forced to crash-land after anti-aircraft and fighter hits, L33… learn more

Diary September 22, 1916

Diary for Friday, September 22, 1916: Western Front Battle of the Somme: Battle of Flers­-Courcelette ends. British advance east of Courcelette on fine sunny day. Robertson and Rawlinson take tea; GIGS intimates that Lloyd George concerned about casualties toll and… learn more

Diary September 21, 1916

Diary for Thursday, September 21, 1916: Western Front Battle of the Somme: NZ troops take ‘Cough Drop Alley’ and a section of Flers line. British 1st Division captures ‘Starfish Trench’. Sea War North Sea: German warships capture SS Colchester (Dutch… learn more

Diary September 20, 1916

Diary for Wednesday, September 20, 1916: Western Front Battle of the Somme: Rawlinson delays next Fourth Army attack to September 23, he and Haig agree that British cavalry should be withdrawn. Fierce German counter-attack almost retakes Bouchavesnes but driven out… learn more

Diary September 19, 1916

Diary for Tuesday, September 19, 1916: African Fronts East Africa: Belgians occupy Tabora (largest inland town) after 400­-mile march, take 2,000 captives and release c.195 interned civilians. 2,700 Portugese invade across river Rovuma, occupy Menasi Bay on September 29. 1st… learn more

Diary September 18, 1916

Diary for Monday, September 18, 1916: Western Front Battle of the Somme: British Guards Division captures the ‘Quadrilateral’ (to depth of 1,000 yds). French I Corps executes two successful local (evening) surprise attacks and gain ground south and southeast of… learn more

Diary September 17, 1916

Diary for Sunday, September 17, 1916: Air War Western Front: Captain O Boelcke leads first combat patrol of 6 Jasla 2 brand-new Albatros DII fighters to shoot down 5 No 12 Sqn BE2cs (one to Boelcke) returning from Marcoing station… learn more

Diary September 16, 1916

Diary for Saturday, September 16, 1916: Eastern Front Brusilov offensive, Galicia – Second Battle of the Narajowka and Zlota Lipa (until September 17): 4 Russian divisons with gas attack Turk XV Corps which holds despite c.5,000 casualties. Transylvania: Rumanian Second… learn more

Diary September 15, 1916

Diary for Friday, September 15, 1916: Western Front Battle of the Somme– Battle of Flers­-Courcelette (until September 22): From 0620 hours, after 40-minutes shelling, 14 divisions (2 Canandian and 1 NZ) and 32 of 49 FIRST TANK MK I‘s IN… learn more

Diary September 14, 1916

Diary for Thursday, September 14, 1916: Southern Fronts Italian Front – Seventh Battle of Isonzo (until September 17): Alter lengthy artillery preparation including gas shells Italian Third Army (14 divisions, 966 guns, 584 mortars) attacks at 0900 hours on 6­-mile… learn more

Diary September 13, 1916

Diary for Wednesday, September 13, 1916: Western Front Germany: HINDENBURG ACHIEVES DE FACTO COMMAND OF CENTRAL POWERS’ ARMIES. OHL (German Supreme Forces Command) for the purpose becomes OKL (Supreme War Command). Battle of the Somme: French I Corps advance southeast… learn more

Diary September 12, 1916

Diary for Tuesday, September 12, 1916: Southern Fronts Macedonia: Allied offensive begins on west flank at 0600 hours. Serb First Army captures foothills of Mt Kajmakcalan (‘butter-churn’; 8,284 ft) 25 miles east-south-east of Monastir. Bulgars occupy Kavalla port. French 156th… learn more

Diary September 11, 1916

Diary for Monday, September 11, 1916: Eastern Front Russia: General Averyanov to STAVKA: ‘… we are close to complete exhaustion of the manpower reserve’. Brusilov Offensive – Carpathians­: Lechitski takes Mt Capel Kapul (5,000 ft) and links with Rumanian Fourth… learn more