Diary November 22, 1916

merchant raider Seeadler

World War One Diary for Wednesday, November 22, 1916: Sea War North Sea: The only sailing raider of the World Wars; German square-rigged Seeadler leaves Germany for South Seas disguised as Norwegian timber ship (had been British-built 1878 and US­… learn more

Diary November 21, 1916

The emperor is dead

World War One Diary for Tuesday, November 21, 1916: Politics Austria-Hungary: JOSEPH OF AUSTRIA peacefully died, aged 86, having told Prime Minister ‘if that is the case [domestic discontent] we must make peace without taking any ally into consideration at… learn more

Diary November 20, 1916

General Alexeyev, Russian Army Chief of Staff

World War One Diary for Monday, November 20, 1916: Eastern Front Russia: Tsar summons Gourko from Special Army to act as Chief of Staff (Alexeiev ill until March 1917), he arrives at STAVKA on November 23. learn more

Diary November 19, 1916

French troops Monastir

World War One Diary for Sunday, November 19, 1916: Southern Fronts Serbia – Fall of Monastir to Allies: Serb and French cavalry ride in 4 years to the day since Serbs captured town from Turks in First Balkan War, 1912.… learn more

Diary November 18, 1916

Russian soldiers in front of Monastir

World War One Diary for Saturday, November 18, 1916: Southern Fronts Serbia: Despite deep snow Serb Danube Division captures Hill 1378, Italians storm Ostretz Hill and two other features (until November 19), French ford river Viro and Russians capture three… learn more

Diary November 17, 1916

British troops Somme first snow

World War One Diary for Friday, November 17, 1916: Western Front Battle of the Somme: First snow falls, night November 17-18. Air War Germany: French bomber pilot Captain Beauchamp in 1/2 Strutter ‘Ariel’ flies epic 812­-mile first ever ‘shuttle’ raid… learn more

Diary November 16, 1916

Albatros D I fighter

World War One Diary for Thursday, November 16, 1916: Air War Britain: Haig asks for an extra 20 fighter squadrons for 1917. RFC capture first Albatros D1 fighter, forced down by a BE2. Somme: RFC helps knock out at least… learn more

Diary November 15, 1916

The Russian Royal Family

World War One Diary for Wednesday, November 15, 1916: Home Fronts Russia: Grand Duke Nicholas warns Tsar of Tsarina and Rasputin’s harmful influence. Germany: 1918 conscript class, all under 19 year, begins to join for training; malnutrition a problem. Western… learn more

Diary November 14, 1916

village of Beaumont-Hamel Somme battle

World War One Diary for Tuesday, November 14, 1916: Western Front Battle of the Somme: British 190th Brigade (63rd Royal Navy Division) with 2 Tank Mk I capture Beaucourt (Ancre) with 400 PoWs, driving major salient into German Ancre defences.… learn more

Diary November 13, 1916

crater of a single mine explosion

World War One Diary for Monday, November 13, 1941: Western Front Battle of the Somme – Battle of the Ancre begins (until November 18): with 10 divisions, 5 tanks and 282 heavy guns in wet fog at 0545 hours Fifth… learn more

Diary November 12, 1916

Portuguese captain

World War One Diary for Sunday, November 12, 1916: Eastern Front Transylvania: Rumanian First Army retreats in Jiu and Aluta Valleys. Middle East South Persia: Sykes occupies Shiraz, organises 3,700 South Persian Rifles and 6 guns by December 1. African… learn more

Diary November 11, 1916

British 18-pdr field guns deployed

World War One Diary for Saturday, November 11, 1916: Western Front Battle of the Somme – Battle of the Ancre Heights ends: British artillery preparation begins, British infantry capture Farmers Road near Regina Trench. Eastern Front Transylvania – Second Battle… learn more

Diary November 10, 1916

German S or V destroyer

World War One Diary for Friday, November 10, 1916: Sea War Baltic: During attempted raid (night November 10-11) on Russian patrol lines in Gulf of Finland, near Reval, 7 wartime-built German destroyers (V75, 857, V72, G90, S58, S59 and V76)… learn more

Diary November 9, 1916

Air battle of the Western Front

World War One Diary for Thursday, November 9, 1916: Air War Belgium: 6 RNAS Short seaplanes (1 FTR) bomb Ostend docks and Zeebrugge (repeated November 15 and 17), 19 RNAS bombers raid Ostend (November 10; 10 bombers repeat on November… learn more

Diary November 8, 1916

black sergeant of the German Schutztruppe

World War One Diary for Wednesday, November 8, 1916: African Fronts East Africa: Wahle attacks British Malangali post (until November 12) which is relieved by Murray’s 400 British soldiers. Western Front Battle of the Somme: German counter­-attack at Saillisel (slight… learn more

Diary November 7, 1916

Female supporters campaign for US President Woodrow Wilson

World War One Diary for Tuesday, November 7, 1916: Neutrals USA: WILSON RE-ELECTED PRESIDENT. Jeanette Rankin (Montana) first Congress-woman. Greece: Admiral Fournet seizes Salamis naval arsenal, sees King on November 9. Western Front Battle of the Somme: British gain ground… learn more

Diary November 6, 1916

German sailors take aim for mines

World War One Diary for Monday, November 6, 1916: Sea War Black Sea: Coastal submarine UB45 mined off Varna, UC15 also lost to unknown cause in November. UB46 mined off Bosphorus on December 7. Eastern Mediterranean: UB43 (Mellenthin) torpedoes and… learn more

Diary November 5, 1916

French troops under fire at Verdun

World War One Diary for Sunday, November 5, 1916: Western Front Verdun: French 9th Division reoccupies whole of Vaux. Battle of the Somme: British in see-saw action near Butte de Warlencourt. French capture most of Saillisel and attack St Pierre… learn more

Diary November 4, 1916

Italian commander-in-chief Cadorna

World War One Diary for Saturday, November 4, 1916: Southern Fronts Isonzo: After turning move on Salone fails, Cadorna halts offensive due to bad weather and heavy losses (28,000 casualties); 9,000 Austrian PoWs taken. Italian losses in Seventh to Ninth… learn more

Diary November 3, 1916

Loading an Italian 58mm trench mortar

World War One Diary for Friday, November 3, 1916: Southern Fronts Isonzo: 4 Italian brigades take Volkovniak, Dosso Faiti, Hills 123 and 126. Salonika: French War Minister General Roques visits (until November 12) and largely clears Sarrail from Allied complaints.… learn more