Diary September 22, 1917

Curtiss H12 America flying boat

World War One Diary for Saturday, September 22, 1917: Sea War North Sea – Only British air kill of a U-boat: Royal Navy Air Service H12 America flying boat (Flt sub-lt N Magor) bombs coastal submarine UB-32. Channel: Dover Patrol… learn more

Diary September 21, 1917

German PoWs

World War One Diary for Friday, September 21, 1917: Western Front Ypres: British take 3,243 PaWs on September 20 and 21, repulse attacks on ‘Tower Hamlets’ ridge. Eastern Front Baltic Provinces: Russian XXVIII Corps evacuates Dvina bridgehead at Jakobstadt, held… learn more

Diary September 20, 1917

soldiers attempt to identify dead at Ypres

World War One Diary for Thursday, September 20, 1917: Western Front Ypres – Battle of the Menin Road Ridge (until September 25): Third Allied attack of ‘Third Ypres’, directed by Plumer begun in mist. Main weight of attack with 11… learn more

Diary September 19, 1917

British infantrymen in East Africa

World War One Diary for Wednesday, September 19, 1917: Africa East Africa: Kilwa Force action at Mihambia (until September 20) costs 145 casualties and fails to cut off over 1,100 German troops retreat behind burning grass. British advance resumes on… learn more

Diary September 18, 1917

Italian soldiers in the trench

World War One Diary for Tuesday, September 18, 1917: Southern Fronts Italy: Cadorna cancels 12th Isonzo offensive and starts defensive preparations, tells Allies this on September 20 who halt guns for the Italians on September 25. Trentino­: Italian battalions take… learn more

Diary September 17, 1917

Women as workers in a coal mine

World War One Diary for Monday, September 17, 1917: Politics France: Churchill meets French Munitions Minister Loucheur in Paris, latter urges Allied Munitions Council. Home Fronts Britain: Bread subsidy with 9d loaf. BST ends 2am. Coalminers flat wage up 1s… learn more

Diary September 16, 1917

'Lawrence of Arabia'

World War One Diary for Sunday, September 16, 1917: Middle East Arabia: Lawrence leads 100 Arabs against Mudauwara Station on Hejaz Railway, blows up and captures Turk train (over 180 casualties including Austrian gunners) to south on September 19 and… learn more

Diary September 15, 1917

messenger dog

World War One Diary for Saturday, September 15, 1917: Western Front Flanders: British capture strongpoint north of Inverness Copse. Portuguese repulse attack at Neuve Chapelle. Aisne: Petain adopts plan for limited attack. Eastern Front Russia: Kerensky proclaims himself C-in-C with… learn more

Diary September 14, 1917

Bolshevik Colossus

World War One Diary for Friday, September 14, 1917: Home Fronts Russia: Kerensky proclaims Republic and Council of Five, but power really passing to Petrograd Soviet. USA: $2 billion naval spending in last year. Canada: War-Times Election Act enfranchises close… learn more

Diary September 13, 1917

war blinds demonstrate in Russia

World War One Diary for Thursday, September 13, 1917: Eastern Front Germany: Hoffmann diary ‘A German advance on Petersburg now would bring about the complete collapse of Russia’. Galicia­: Germans evacuate Gusiatyn on border. Russia: Rebel Kornilov surrenders to Alexeiev… learn more

Diary September 12, 1917

Killed Italian soldiers.

World War One Diary for Wednesday, September 12, 1917: Southern Fronts Italian Front: Italian losses since August 10 a record of 166,000 men (18,000 PoWs) so far. Austrians c.85,000 (29,000 PoWs). Albania: French advance ends after 414 Austro-Bulgar PoWs and… learn more

Diary September 11, 1917

French fighter ace Georges Guynemer

World War One Diary for Tuesday, September 11, 1917: Air War Ypres: Legendary French ace Guynemer (54 victories) missing over Poelcapelle aged 22, first revealed in London (September 27) on a day Germans claim 6 Allied single-seaters. Eastern Front Russia:… learn more

Diary September 10, 1917

British ships of the Orion class

World War One Diary for Monday, September 10, 1917: Sea War North Sea: US Atlantic Fleet C-in-C Admiral Mayo visits Grand Fleet (since September 9). Mediterranean: German U-boats ordered not to attack unescorted Allied hospital ships (Spanish naval officer commissioners… learn more

Diary September 9, 1917

Etaples training camp

World War One Diary for Sunday, September 9, 1917: Western Front France­: c.2,000 British troops mutiny at Etaples Infantry Base Depot (until September 14) due to poor conditions and Third Ypres reinforcement system, 3 sentenced to death after GHQ detachments… learn more

Diary September 7, 1917

soldiers of the Austro-Hungarian army

World War One Diary for Friday, September 7, 1917: Southern Fronts Albania: General Jacquemot’s mixed French division begins advance on Austrian-held Pogradec, having been joined by Essad Pasha’s 500 Albanians from Salonika on September 6. France: Petain ordered to send… learn more

Diary September 6, 1917

rear gunner of a Halberstadt CLII ground-attacker

World War One Diary for Thursday, September 6, 1917: Air War Western Front: 6 Squadrons of newish German Halberstadt CLII ground-attack aircraft decimate British division reserves crossing Somme bridges. Eastern Front Russia: Provisional Government decree restores death penalty in interior… learn more

Diary September 5, 1917

Berlin 1917

World War One Diary for Wednesday, September 5, 1917: Home Fronts Russia: Grand Dukes Michael and Paul arrested. USA: Federal agents raid IWW offices in 23 cities (168 arrests). 687,000 draftees begin assembling by rail. Turkey­: Army Commissariat put in… learn more

Diary September 4, 1917

aftermath of a German bomber raid on London

World War One Diary for Tuesday, September 4, 1917: Air War Britain: 5 of 11 Gotha bombers sent (1 lost due to anti-aircraft fire) bomb London (night September 4-5, 90 civilian casualties, Cleopatra’s Needle scarred). British think 26 raiders bombed,… learn more

Diary September 3, 1917

German troops in Riga

World War One Diary for Monday, September 3, 1917: Eastern Front Baltic Provinces: German 2nd Guard and 1st Reserve divisions enter Riga, claim many thousand PoWs and 150 guns, but Russians still held south of highway and railway. Rumania –… learn more

Diary September 2, 1917

bombing raid on Pola

World War One Diary for Sunday, September 2, 1917: Air War Adriatic: Pola bombed by 148 Caproni bombers and 11 flying boats; Austrians bomb Venice (September 7) which has balloon barrage defence. Gales abort RNAS attempt to attack Cattaro naval… learn more