Diary December 31, 1917

US troopship in France

World War One Diary for Monday, December 31, 1917: Western Front British took 1,018 PoWs and 4 guns. 183,896 AEF (American Expedition Force) personnel now in Europe. Sea War Allied and neutral December shipping losses to U-boats: 160 ships (76… learn more

Diary December 30, 1917

dressing station on the Italian Front

World War One Diary for Sunday, December 30, 1917: Southern Fronts Piave: French 47th Division (259 casualties) recaptures Mt Tomba in 25 minutes with nearly 1,564 PoWs. Austrians forced to evacuate Zenso bend bridgehead, Lower Piave. Salonika: Sir R Ross… learn more

Diary December 29, 1917

propaganda sees the 'bestial Germans'.

World War One Diary for Saturday, December 29, 1917: Home Fronts Britain: National Labour Convention demands general rationing. Churchill letter ‘I am strongly pressing that the cavalry should be put by regiments into the Tanks’. Masterman of War Propaganda Bureau… learn more

Diary December 28, 1917

Major James Thomas Byford McCudden

World War One Diary for Friday, December 28, 1917: Air War Western Front: ­Royal Flying Corps ace McCudden shoots down 3 LVGs in 20 minutes (4 kills on December 23). Italy: Austrians bomb Padua (until December 30), cause 79 casualties,… learn more

Diary December 27, 1917

Turkish troops at Jerusalem.

World War One Diary for Thursday, December 27, 1917: Middle East Palestine: Turk counter­attack towards Jerusalem fails 3 miles north astride Nablus road despite fresh 1st Division. Deciphered radio message warns Allenby and Chetwode before December 24; British 60th Division… learn more

Diary December 26, 1917

Brandenburg D.I

World War One Diary for Wednesday, December 26, 1917: Air War Italy: Large air battle 18 miles north of Venice, 9 of 30-40 Austrian aircraft shot down bombing Istrana airfield (RFC hangars suffer minor damage, 2 Italian aircraft destroyed). Raids… learn more

Diary December 25, 1917

KAR (Kings African Rufles) Native troops

World War One Diary for Tuesday, December 25, 1917: Africa Mozambique: British patrols pursue Germans 40 miles south of river Rovuma. Lettow receives Christmas dinner from his officers. Eastern Front Ukraine: RNAS Armoured Car Squadron rear party disable remaining cars… learn more

Diary December 24, 1917

Meeting of British Naval Officers

World War One Diary for Monday, December 24, 1917: Sea War Britain: Jellicoe resigns as First Sea Lord at Geddes’ request (made public on December 26). Admiral Sir W Wemyss succeeds, Admiral Sir S Fremantle replaces Oliver as DCNS; Bacon… learn more

Diary December 23, 1917

Austrian 10.4cm Langrohrkanone

World War One Diary for Sunday, December 23, 1917: Southern Fronts Italian Front: French Tenth Army C-in-C Fayolle informs Foch that Italians ‘had recovered their spirit and wanted to fight’. Trentino: Conrad’s final attempt to break through before winter snows,… learn more

Diary December 22, 1917

town of Ypres

World War One Diary for Saturday, December 22, 1917: Western Front Britain: Lieutenant-General Sir R Maxwell BEF QMG since January 1915 resigns; succeeded by Lieutenant-General Sir T Clarke. France: General Debeney in command of French First Army for duration of… learn more

Diary December 21, 1917

Christmas 1917 on the front

World War One Diary for Friday, December 21, 1917: Western Front Alsace: Fierce clashes at Harmannsweilerkopf, Germans ejected. Eastern Front Russia: Antonov, People’s Commissar for War, made C-in-C ‘for the struggle with counter­-revolution’. Home Fronts Italy: now 3,500 munition plants… learn more

Diary December 20, 1917

British field artillery in Palestine

World War One Diary for Thursday, December 20, 1917: Middle East Palestine – Battle of Jaffa (­until December 22): XXI Corps’ 8,100 men and 88 guns surprise cross river Auja on December 21, take 259 PoWs and 5 MGs from… learn more

Diary December 19, 1917

Gigant' bomber

World War One Diary for Wednesday, December 19, 1917: Air War Britain: Air defences finally told of Giant bomber, codenamed Bertie, after its eight raid. Sea War Channel: New Dover Straits minefield claims first victim, coastal submarine UB-56 after Vice-Admiral… learn more

Diary December 18, 1917

mountain gun Italian front

World War One Diary for Tuesday, December 18, 1917: Southern Fronts Piave: Austrian 4th Division captures Mt Asolone (5315 ft) with 2,000 PoWs and view of plains below, farthest Austrian advance. Rommel’s Wurttemberg Mountain Batallion withdrawn from final but local… learn more

Diary December 17, 1917

Don't waste bread

World War One Diary for Monday, December 17, 1917: Home Fronts Britain: Lord Rhondda says ‘Food queues must be stopped’, rationing probably inevitable. No post to neutrals, except to PoWs or under permit. Russia: All Church property to be confiscated,… learn more

Diary December 16, 1917

war donations at Christmas 1917

World War One Diary for Sunday, December 16, 1917: Western Front Artois: British success east of Avian. Sea War Bristol Channel: Sloop HMS Arbutus sunk by U-boat. Home Fronts Britain: Lieutenant-Colonel Freyberg – Victoria Cross – condemns Sassoon’s anti-war attitude… learn more

Diary December 15, 1917

Fraternisation between Austro-Hungarian and Russian soldiers

World War One Diary for Saturday, December 15, 1917: Eastern Front BREST-LITOVSK 28-DAY ARMISTICE (until January 14, 1918) signed between Russia and Central Powers to begin noon on December 17. Fraternization centres fixed, week’s notice of termination. Germans given police… learn more

Diary December 14, 1917

Italian PoWs

World War One Diary for Friday, December 14, 1917: Southern Fronts Piave: Austrian 4th Divison takes Col Captile on Brenta valley side but shell shortage postpones exploitation. Sea War Naval Allied Council to be formed (ministers and CNSs). Ionian Sea:… learn more

Diary December 13, 1917

Italian propaganda after Caporetto

World War One Diary for Thursday, December 13, 1917: Southern Fronts Italy: After Austrian Czernin status quo peace hint from December 5, Prime Minister Orlando tells deputies in secret session Italy will fight on even if armies have to fall… learn more

Diary December 12, 1917

General Oskar von Hutier

World War One Diary for Wednesday, December 12, 1917: Eastern Front Russia: Bolsheviks fight Cossacks at Rostov, occupy it on December 14. General Kaledin retakes it on December 15 with Alexeiev’s Volunteer Army forcing local Reds to flee to Black… learn more