Diary March 31, 1917

German base for submarines and destroyers

World War One Diary for Saturday, March 31, 1917: Sea War For March Allied shipping losses 556,775t or 310 ships (German official figures 564,497t or 281 Allied ships including 61,917t in Mediterranean). Of 1,200 British collier March sailings (con­voyed) to… learn more

Diary March 30, 1917

British cavalry close to Jebel Hamrin

World War One Diary for Friday, March 30, 1917: Middle East Mesopotamia: British Cavalry Division occupies Delli Abbas, Keary occupies Jebel Hamrin (March 31). Palestine: War Cabinet telegram makes Jerusalem Murray’s objective. Western Front Somme: Heavy rain. British occupy 8… learn more

Diary March 29, 1917

Attack of German Albatros fighters

World War One Diary for Thursday, March 29, 1917: Air War Western Front: Richthofen scores 4 victories (total 10 in March). Middle East Mesopotamia – Action of Duqma (‘the burning Marl’): Caley’s 13th Division (514 casualties including Second Lieutenant Slim… learn more

Diary March 28, 1917

Sopwith Triplane

World War One Diary for Wednesday, March 28, 1917: Air War Macedonia: 10 KG 1 bombers attempt raid on Snievche airfield (No 47 Squadron Royal Flying Corps) but are intercepted by 4 Sopwith 1-1/2-strutters, 1 Sopwith triplane & and BE… learn more

Diary March 27, 1917

U-155

World War One Diary for Tuesday, March 27, 1917: Sea War Germany: Long-range ocean U-cruiser Flotilla formed with U-155; 5 boats by September 22. In or outside prohibited zones ships without lights to be sunk without warning. Western Front France:… learn more

Diary March 26, 1917

urkish artillery battery fires on British troops

World War One Diary for Monday, March 26, 1917: Palestine – First Battle of Gaza (until March 27): Dobell’s British Eastern Force (39,000 men and 136 guns against 16,000 Turks with 74 guns) cuts off Gaza with 8500 cavalry and… learn more

Diary March 25, 1917

'Billy' Bishop

World War One Diary for Sunday, March 25, 1917: Air War Western Front: Bishop gains first of 72 victories. Only one of 6 Sopwith two-seater (No 70 Squadron) survive reconnaissance to Valenciennes (2 lost before on March 24). Eastern Front… learn more

Diary March 24, 1917

Swearing of Russian troops

World War One Diary for Saturday, March 24, 1917: Eastern Front Russia – Russian Army proclaims loyalty to Provisional Government: Junior officer writes ‘There was a gulf between the troops and the officers which could not be bridged’. Western Front… learn more

Diary March 23, 1917

Grneral Robert Nivelle

World War One Diary for Friday, March 23, 1917: Western Front Germans flood Oise valley and La Fare (French near suburbs on March 24). Nivelle confesses to King Albert that ‘many people are against the offensive’. Eastern Front Germany: German… learn more

Diary March 22, 1917

Ex-Zar Nicholas from his prison

World War One Diary for Thursday, March 22, 1917: Politics Russia: USA as first, Allies and Switzerland recognize Russian Provisional Government. Air War Eastern Front: German aircraft shoots down Russian Morane Parasol (No 317) into German wire southwest of Dünaburg.… learn more

Diary March 21, 1917

US merchant ship 'Illlinois'

World War One Diary for Wednesday, March 21, 1917: Sea War North Sea: US tanker Healdton sunk (20 die) by U-boat in Holland safety zone. Politics USA: French Military Mission sails for New York. Occupied Territories Belgium: German decree partitions… learn more

Diary March 20, 1917

God punish England

World War One Diary for Tuesday, March 20, 1917: Western Front Aisne: Germans demolish irreplaceable medieval castle of Coucy-le-Chateau, 10 miles north of Soissons, to remove potential observation post. Artois: BEF preparatory bombardment for Arras offensive opens. Eastern Front Russia:… learn more

Diary March 19, 1917

Frech battleship 'Danton'

World War One Diary for Monday, March 19, 1917: Sea War Mediterranean: U-64 sinks modern French battleship Danton (296 lost) southwest of Sardinia. Kaiser Wilhelm II approves announcement that Allied hospital ships in Mediterranean no longer to be spared except… learn more

Diary March 18, 1917

Turkish staff officer with a ten-year-old boy soldier

World War One Diary for Sunday, March 18, 1917: Middle East Armenia Kemal C-in-C Turk Second Army (Deputy since March 5) in new Army Group Caucasus (Ahmed Izzet Pasha), only 40,000 strong, and still typhus-ridden. Russians reoccupy Van. Mesopotamia: British… learn more

Diary March 17, 1917

British 'tribal transport' porters

World War One Diary for Saturday, March 17, 1917: African Fronts East Africa: Hoskins asks for 15,000 carriers per month to replace wastage plus 500 American light lorries (200 promised for mid­-May), orders 300 new KAR (mainly ex-German Askari) to… learn more

Diary March 16, 1917

remains of L39

World War One Diary for Friday, March 16, 1917: Air War France: German airship L39 shot down by French anti-aircraft fire near Compiegne (night March 16-17). Western Front­: Guynemer achieves first French ace’s triple victory and receives Russian Order of… learn more

Diary March 15, 1917

Russia's Czar Nicholaos II

World War One Diary for Thursday, March 15, 1917: Politics Russia: TSAR ABDICATES. Miliukov new Russian Foreign Minister. Neutrals Switzerland: Lenin gets news of Revolution, envisages train journey through Germany (March 19), publicly opposes new Provisional Government (March 27). Home… learn more

Diary March 14, 1917

ection of the German Hindenburg Line

World War One Diary for Wednesday, March 14, 1917: Western Front Somme – MAIN GERMAN RETREAT TO THE HINDENBURG LINE begins (until April 5): German Second and First Armies involved. BEF Fifth Army follows cautiously including 4th (1st Indian) Cavalry… learn more

Diary March 13, 1917

British and Indian Military Mounted Police

World War One Diary for Tuesday, March 13, 1917: Western Front Britain: In London Haig and Nivelle sign clarifications of command spheres. Somme: British advance guard now 11 miles from Bapaume. Further gains east and northeast of Gommecourt. Aisne: ­Germans… learn more

Diary March 12, 1917

Students and army deserters fire on police

World War One Diary for Monday, March 12, 1917: Home Fronts Russia: FIRST RUSSIAN REVOLUTION (­until March 15). Whole 17,000 Petrograd garrison joins crowds. Temperature 0°F. Duma prorogued but forms Provisional Government at Tauride Palace. No bread or transport. Only… learn more