Diary August 31, 1917

submarine detains a merchant vessel

World War One Diary for Friday, August 31, 1917: Sea War North Sea: Royal Navy Air Service raids Belgian coast airfields. Allied and neutral August shipping losses to U-boats, 186 (84 British) ships worth 509,142t (U-Boat figure 472,372t including 79,549t… learn more

Diary August 30, 1917

Eddie Rickenbacker with his Spad XIII

World War One Diary for Thursday, August 30, 1917: Air War France: Government agrees to supply US with 5,000 aircraft and 8,500 engines (Spad and Breguet). Western Front Artois: British troops repulse night raid on trenches southeast of Lens. Politics… learn more

Diary August 29, 1917

Italian women munition workers

World War One Diary for Wednesday, August 29, 1917: Southern Front Isonzo: Cadorna orders Bainsizza operations suspended except for blow north and east of Gorizia. Italian Front: General Waldstatten submits Austrian offensive plan to General Arz for offensive with 13… learn more

Diary August 28, 1917

French officers awarding medals to Rumanian troops

World War One Diary for Tuesday, August 28, 1917: Eastern Front Russia: CoS Kornilov appeals at Moscow National Conference for restoration of Army’s discipline and supply. Kerensky tells General Barter that troops will winter in trenches and regain discipline. Rumania:… learn more

Diary August 27, 1917

Turkish reservists

World War One Diary for Monday, August 27, 1917: Southern Fronts Salonika: British artillery shelling until August 30 and small raids on Lake Doiran sector. Home Fronts Turkey: ‘Armenian Conspiracies’ Report published. learn more

Diary August 26, 1917

field gun in mud at Ypres

World War One Diary for Sunday, August 26, 1917: Western Front Ypres: 4 British divisions and 12 tanks fight north of St Julien; sea of mud restricts progress to 2,000 yards. Somme­: British III Corps captures 1/2 mile of position… learn more

Diary August 25, 1917

Delegates from the Russian army

World War One Diary for Saturday, August 25, 1917: Home Fronts Russia: Kerensky opens Moscow National Conference (­until August 29), Bolsheviks boycott. Western Front Ypres: Second phase of Third Ypres ends. Haig decides to transfer battle from Gough to Plumer… learn more

Diary August 24, 1917

French officers try to spread optimism

World War One Diary for Friday, August 24, 1917: Western Front Verdun: French advance 1 1/2 miles on 2,000-yards front taking Hill 304 and Camard Wood and reach south bank of Forges Brook, gains north of Mort Homme. Southern Fronts… learn more

Diary August 23, 1917

Cadorna at the front

World War One Diary for Thursday, August 23, 1917: Southern Fronts Isonzo­: Italians take 5 mountain peaks on 12 1/2 mile front as Austrian fires and demolitions signal their retreat (night August 23/24) to new defence line. Macedonia: Allied lengths… learn more

Diary August 22, 1917

battlefield of Ypres

World War One Diary for Wednesday, August 22, 1917: Western Front Ypres: 4 British divisions with 16 tanks engaged before St Julien, 2 more with 18 tanks south of Fortuin while 3 more with tanks battle along Menin Road (until… learn more

Diary August 21, 1917

Bersaglieri, crack troops of the Italian army

World War One Diary for Tuesday, August 21, 1917: Southern Fronts Isonzo: Bersaglieri storm Ossoinica and Osedrih (lost). Tortona Brigade takes Mt Kuk (2,004 ft); Mt Jelinek taken from 3 sides on August 22, breakthrough near Auzza on 2,000-yard front… learn more

Diary August 20, 1917

Wounded German carried at Ypres

World War One Diary for Monday, August 20, 1917: Western Front Ypres: Since July 31, 17 German divisions ‘used up’ according to General Kuhl, CoS to Rupprecht. British attack profitably with 7 tanks. Verdun – Second Offensive Battle of Verdun… learn more

Diary August 19, 1917

British tank was stuck in the mud

World War One Diary for Sunday, August 19, 1917: Western Front Ypres: Slight advance by British troops on Ypres-Poelcapelle road in which 12 tanks (1 ditched) capture pillboxes at St Julien for 26 casualties; Germans retake briefly on August 25.… learn more

Diary August 18, 1917

Austro-Hungarian soldier on sentry duty

World War One Diary for Saturday, August 18, 1917: Southern Fronts Italian Front – ELEVENTH BATTLE OF THE ISONZO (the Bainsizza, until September 12): After barrage from 0600 hours Italian Second and Third Armies (44 divisions; 3,566 guns, 1,760 mortars)… learn more

Diary August 17, 1917

Zeppelin L58

World War One Diary for Friday, August 17, 1917: Air War Germany: Kaiser decides Navy will be limited to 25 Zeppelins and only build replacements every 2 months instead of 2 per month. Macedonia­: Anglo-French aircraft bomb various targets (until… learn more

Diary August 16, 1917

Wilhelm Groener

World War One Diary for Thursday, August 16, 1917: Home Fronts Germany: OHL remove General Groener from War Office (to 33rd Division at Verdun), General Scheuch succeeds, but put under War Minister on August 22. Britain: Prime Minister speech on… learn more

Diary August 15, 1917

US-Soldaten marschieren durch London

World War One Diary for Wednesday, August 15, 1917: Politics Britain: US troops pass through London. War Cabinet decides to send 8 guns to Russia (none sent since March and 150 promised). France: Dmowski’s Polish National Committee set up in… learn more

Diary August 14, 1917

ruins of Termond

World War One Diary for Tuesday, August 14, 1917: Eastern Front Rumania: German Alpenkorps storms Height 334 as Russian VIII Corps flees. Sea War Germany: Scheer writes to Navy Minister Capelle urging a ‘political prosecution’ of the USPD (Independent Social… learn more

Diary August 13, 1917

French railroad gun

World War One Diary for Monday, August 13, 1917: Western Front Verdun: French 2,400-gun bombardment begins (including 1,100 heavy gun) on 12 1/2-mile front until August 20. German artillery fire response 1 million rounds (2,500t) mustard gas shells at French… learn more

Diary August 12, 1917

Ex-Tsar Nicholas on the way to Siberia

World War One Diary for Sunday, August 12, 1917: Home Fronts Russia: Ex-Tsar with family moved to Abalak Monastery, Tobolsk, Siberia. Sea War North Sea: Destroyer HMS Oracle rams and sinks U-44 off South Norway coast. Biscay: 2 French destroyers… learn more