Diary October 19, 1917

gondola of L54

World War One Diary for Friday, October 19, 1917: Air War Britain – The ‘Silent Raid’: 13 German naval Zeppelins (5 lost) fly disastrous high-altitude mission against Northern England industrial centres (78 defence sorties cost 4 wrecked aircraft). L45 by… learn more

Diary October 18, 1917

This destroyer is needed to sink Hun submarines

World War One Diary for Thursday, October 18, 1917: Home Fronts USA: Navy Secretary Daniels calls Liberty loan U-boat (on display New York) ‘this stiletto of modern warfare’; 58 enemy aliens arrested at Hoboken Docks NJ. Hoover launches lower food… learn more

Diary October 17, 1917

Russian battleship 'Grashdanin'

World War One Diary for Wednesday, October 17, 1917: Sea War Baltic – Gulf of Riga 27-minutes battleship action: Russian battleship Slava damaged (3 hits) by Koenig and Kronprinz, goes aground and later scuttled west of Papilad island. Battleship Grashdanin… learn more

Diary October 16, 1917

Allied transshipment at Boulogne

World War One Diary for Tuesday, October 16, 1917: Western Front Aisne: French attack west of Craonne fails. 1,800 French guns and 460 mortars prepare way for limited offensive (until October 22) on 7 1/2-mile front, ie maximum of 1… learn more

Diary October 15, 1917

Battle of Nyangao and Mahlwa

World War One Diary for Monday, October 15, 1917: Africa East Africa – Battle of Nyangao and Mahiwa (­until October 18): ‘An equatorial Gettysburg’ (largest battle of the war), c.4,950 British, 12 guns, 4 mortars, 147 MGs vs 3,000 Germans… learn more

Diary October 14, 1917

Bulgarian PoWs

World War One Diary for Sunday, October 14, 1917: Southern Fronts Salonika: British 27th Division (47 casualties) recaptures Homondos (night October 13-14) village with 153 Bulgars (79 killed) and 3 MGs and occupies two villages to cover taking up of… learn more

Diary October 13, 1917

soldier struggles forward in Flander's field

World War One Diary for Saturday, October 13, 1917: Western Front Britain: French including Foch (at Chequers, England) demand BEF front extension before November 1, but matter left to C-in-Cs. Flanders: Haig cancels attacks until weather improves but approves Cambrai… learn more

Diary October 12, 1917

Zeppelin above a 'Kaiser' class battleship

World War One Diary for Friday, October 12, 1917: Eastern Front Baltic Provinces – German landings on Gulf of Riga Islands: Operation Albion with General Kathen’s 23,000 men (42nd Infantry Division); 5,000 horses; 1,400 vehicles and 54 guns in 19… learn more

Diary October 11, 1917

Airco DH4

World War One Diary for Thursday, October 11, 1917: Air War France: Royal Flying Corps’ 41st Wing (DH4s, FE2bs and 8 RNAS Handley Page bombers) formed, LAUNCHES 13­-MONTH DAY/NIGHT STRATEGIC BOMBING CAMPAIGN AGAINST INDUSTRIAL TARGETS IN WESTERN GERMANY and Alsace-Lorraine… learn more

Diary October 10, 1917

Portuguese machine gun position

World War One Diary for Wednesday, October 10, 1917: Africa East Africa: Kilwa Force No 1 Column takes Ruponda road and supply centre. Linforce (3,200 troops) resumes advance on Mtama. Portuguese take Mauta 26 miles north of river Rovuma. Western… learn more

Diary October 9, 1917

remains of the village of Zonnebeke in the Ypres sailent

World War One Diary for Tuesday, October 9, 1917: Western Front Flanders – Battle of Poelcapelle: Severe fighting. On 6-mile front 3 British divisions (nearly 7,000 casualties) gain crest of Broodseinde Ridge and reach south edge of Houthulst Forest, taking… learn more

Diary October 8, 1917

Petrograd Soviet

World War One Diary for Monday, October 8, 1917: Home Fronts Russia: Kerensky forms third Coalition Government to rule until Constituent Assembly meets. Trotsky now Petrograd Soviet chairman denounces it as a government of civil war. 1.2 million rail workers… learn more

Diary October 7, 1917

Women and children plowing in France

World War One Diary for Sunday, October 7, 1917: Home Fronts France: Scantiest harvest for 50 years announced. Western Front Ypres: German attack near Reutel. Steady rain falling. Haig refuses Plumer and Gough’s request to close down Ypres offensive. Champagne:… learn more

Diary October 6, 1917

Bavarian soldiers behind the Italian Front

World War One Diary for Saturday, October 6, 1917: Southern Fronts Italian Front: Italians have identified 43 Austro-German divisions. Intelligence warns of offensive for October 16-20. Western Front USA: Pershing and Bliss promoted first full US generals. Ypres: British repulse… learn more

Diary October 5, 1917

planes strafing a Turkish column

World War One Diary for Friday, October 5, 1917: Air War Palestine: Royal Flying Corps Palestine Brigade formed for Allenby’s offensive under Brigade-General W Salmond, 5 new Bristol fighters fly first sortie on October 7 and destroy 2 German fighters… learn more

Diary October 4, 1917

harvest of the battle of Ypres

World War One Diary for Thursday, October 4, 1917: Western Front Ypres – Battle of Broodseinde: British pre­emptive (without prelim bombardment) attack (including 12 tanks which help capture Poelcapelle) ridge on 8-mile front in drizzle, but gain on average only… learn more

Diary October 3, 1917

strafed wood

World War One Diary for Wednesday, October 3, 1917: Western Front Ypres: Battle of Polygon Wood ends. Champagne­: French guns disrupt German reserves massing for attacks east of Reims. Eastern Front Baltic Provinces: Intense artillery duel in Jakobstadt area. Bukovina:… learn more

Diary October 2, 1917

HMS Drake

World War One Diary for Tuesday, October 2, 1917: Sea War Atlantik: Cruiser HMS Drake (19 killed) sunk by U-79 (Rohrbeck) in shallow water north of Ireland. East Atlantic: Q-Ship Q 10 (ex-sloop Begonia) sinks in collision with U-151 off… learn more

Diary October 1, 1917

balloon wire barrage London

World War One Diary for Monday, October 1, 1917: Air War Britain: 6 of 18 Gothas sent bomb London; 6 others bomb Kent, Essex and Suffolk (53 casualties). British first use 15ft spherical sound locator near Dover to detect German… learn more