Palestine: Turk counterattack towards Jerusalem fails 3 miles north astride Nablus road despite fresh 1st Division. Deciphered radio message warns Allenby and Chetwode before December 24; British 60th Division repels eight Turk attacks; 10th and 74th Divisions capture Zeitun Ridge and village in 4,000 yards advance. 33,000 British troops and 180 guns advance up to 6 miles against strong but flagging resistance by 20,000 Turks and c.100 guns (December 28-30).
Germany: Second conference between Ludendorff and army group staff chiefs on 1918 offensive in the West. General Hutier, from Eastern Front, takes over new Eighteenth Army at St Quentin.
Baltic Provinces: Riga Council declares Latvian independence from Russia and requests Kaiser’s protection.