Russia: Grand Duke Nicholas warns Tsar of Tsarina and Rasputin’s harmful influence.
Germany: 1918 conscript class, all under 19 year, begins to join for training; malnutrition a problem.
France – CHANTILLY CONFERENCE: Allies discuss (Joffre presiding) 1917 offensives on Western, Eastern and Southern fronts to be timed from first fortnight of February 1917 to cause maximum dispersal of German forces.
Battle of the Somme: German counter-attack north of Chaulnes.
Russia: Brusilov says ‘Rumania is a difficult ally’. His Southwest Front has only 412 heavy guns (over 122mm).
Transylvania: Falkenhayn brings heavy guns through Toerzburg Pass and captures Tirgu Jiu. He is now 20-25 miles inside Rumania.
Germany: Lieutenant-General EW von Hoeppner appointed C-in-C Air Force; Kommandierender General der Luftstreitkraefte (Kogenluft). Chief of Staff is Colonel Thomsen, previously Feldflugchef.