Diary September 3, 1915

crew of E11

The Dardanelles straits had dangerous currents and were heavily mined by the Turks; passing through on the surface meant braving the powerful forts. Here the triumphant crew of E11 celebrate their return.

Diary for Friday, September 3, 1915:

Sea War

Germany: Chief of Naval Staff Admiral Bachmann resigned and replaced by Admiral Holtzendorff for advocating un­restricted U-boat warfare but both refuse to send more U­-boats to Mediterranean (13 already sent, only 18 for home waters) or declare that sea to a war zone.
Aegean: British troop liners Mauretania (5,000 troops on board) and Empress of Britain arrive at Mudros (Lemnos). British sub E11 returns from its second patrol in Sea of Marmora (2 warships, 27 steamers and 57 sailing craft sunk).

Middle East

Gallipoli: At Dardanelles committee in London Churchill and Lloyd George press for priority over Western Front offensive.

African Fronts

East Africa – Action near Maktau: 67 British mmounted infantry lose heavily against German train raiders, but hit 14 Germans. Australian Lieutenant Dartnell wins posthumous Victoria Cross.
Cameroons: ­French troops occupy Akoafim.

Air War

North Sea: German airship L 10 crashes (19 killed, no survivors) in flames off Cuxhaven, struck by lightning while valuing hydrogen to lose height.

Neutrals

Switzerland: ­Czech nationalists Masaryk and Dr Benes meet in Geneva, latter left Prague via Bavaria and is sent to Paris.

Call of War
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