History

Prophetic cartoon from a US newspaper from 1920

Prophetic cartoon from a US newspaper from 1920 after the treaty of Versailles which ended WWI – the French P.M. Clemenceau (nicknamed the ‘Tiger’) leaving the conference, which had met to ensure peace, hears one of the children it had doomed to become a soldier in 1940 weeping at his fate.

Battles, Military Production and Personages of WW2.

WW2 History defines that war as beginning in 1939 in Europe with the battles for Poland.
Post-Versailles Poland was a country of some 24 million. Poland was only 75 percent Polish; the rest was Russian or Ukrainian in the east or German in the west. The Polish Corridor (including the port of Danzig) not only was heavily German but separated East Prussia from the Fatherland, a source of tension that Hitler eagerly exploited.

Poland had beaten the Red Army during the Russian civil wars after 1918 and remained impressive enough to motivate France to sign a mutual defense treaty in the 1920s. But if the Poles detested Germany, they detested Russia even more and so rejected French entreaties to permit Soviet troops into Poland if Germany attacked.
By mid-1939 Hitler, deprived of war in Czechoslovakia, was committed to one in Poland. Despite the Franco-Polish treaty and the growing alarm in London, he did not think the West would interfere, particularly after he signed a startling nonaggression and trade pact with Premier Joseph Stalin that included a secret protocol allowing the Soviets to occupy eastern Poland in case of war.
Even so, the Poles did not altogether despair. They believed that France and Britain would eventually respond and that the Polish army could withstand the Wehrmacht for many months, long enough for the West to mobilize and confront Hitler with what he feared most – a two-front war. This proved only partly accurate. When the Germans attacked on September 1, France and Britain, after issuing an ultimatum, did declare war. But they intended less to fight for Poland, which they considered indefensible without Russian involvement, than to signal to Hitler that they would fight him at some point.
The Poles moreover did not hold out, largely because the Germans fought a war that emphasized surprise and velocity as well as firepower. However, WW2 History has begun…

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Military Expenditures, Strategic Raw Materials, Oil Production

Production of Russian KV-1

Comparison of military expenditures, distribution of vital strategic raw materials, oil and fuel production in World War II. Comparison of Military Expenditures Overview about the relative comparison of the military production and wartime expenditures of the Axis and Allies in… learn more

Russian arms production

Production of ZIS3 field guns

Russian (Soviet) armaments production in the Second World War. Following are tables of the annual Russian (Soviet) armaments production (excluding ammunition) and a comparison of the necessary strategic raw materials. Russian (Soviet) armaments production by weapon types Annual Soviet production… learn more

Operation Torch

Operation Torch fleet

Operation Torch, the Allied landings in North Africa. Operation Torch On the morning of November 8, 1942, a force of over 70,000 American and British soldiers went ashore on the coast of Vichy-French North-West Africa during Operation Torch, and a… learn more

Hitler Pictures

Collection of pictures about Adolf Hitler. Hitler was the driving force and uncontested leader of National Socialism, whose rise and design he caused. He led his ‘movement’ from the smallest beginnings to everything dominant power in Germany. And it was… learn more

Were there alternatives to Operation Barbarossa ?

Molotov at Berlin visit

Were there alternatives for Hitler to Operation Barbarossa ? Part II to the question ‘Why the Germans invaded Russia ?‘ In the four months from July to December 1940, Hitler had strange swayings in relation to the final German strategy… learn more

Why Hitler attacked Russia ?

Crowds cheer Hitler

Why Hitler attacked Russia ? (Part I) Looking on the subsequent events appearing after Hitler’s decision to attack Russia, it looks like sheer madness. Already Napoleon had found in the campaign of 1812 the beginning of his inglorious end. Was… learn more

Second World War overview 1943-45

Soldiers of the 69th US Division and the Soviet 1st Ukrainian Front

Second World War, overview of the course from 1943 to 1945 with the defeat of the Axis powers by the Allies (Part III). Here to Part II: Second World War overview 1941-42. Home Front Germany Under the leadership of the… learn more

Second World War overview 1941-42

Panzer 3 in street fightings.

Second World War, overview of the course of the ‘Axis high tide’ from 1941 to 1942 (Part II). Here to Part I: Second World War overview 1939-40. Mediterranean With the attack on the Soviet Union, Hitler wanted to realize his… learn more

Hitler – Character

The pensive Hitler

The Five Faces of Adolf Hitler Description of the charakter of Hitler. Whoever deals with Hitler has to visualize what Alfred Jodl wrote about Hitler in his cell at Nurnberg just before his execution: ‘Did I know this man really,… learn more

Second World War overview 1939-40

capture of Paris

Second World War, overview of the course of the ‘Blitzkriege’ (lightning wars) from 1939 to 1940 (Part I). Lightning wars – Blitzkriege From the outset Hitler had set himself the goal of transforming Europe by military means to gain the… learn more

Lend-Lease tanks and aircrafts

P-63 Kingcobra lend-lease aircrafts for Russia

Lend-Lease tanks and aircrafts for Russia 1941-1945 Lend Lease Tanks The Red Army used extensive quantities of Lend-Lease tanks and other armoured vehicles from the USA, Great Britain and Canada. A total of 22,800 armoured vehicles were supplied to the… learn more

German AFV production

Final assembly of StuG assault guns.

Tanks, Assault guns, Self-propelled guns production in Germany during WW2 In the following table is summarized the production of all types of armoured vehicles manufactured for the German Army. In the case where foreign equipment was officially issued to the… learn more

Battle of Britain

RAF fighter partnership that won the Battle of Britain

From ‘Operation Sealion’ to ‘the Blitz’ Operation Sealion The Battle of Britain was fought in the air to prevent a seaborne invasion of the British Isles. The German invasion plan, code-named Operation ‘Seelöwe’ (Sealion), took shape when Britain failed to… learn more

Arctic convoy PQ-17

Narrow missed hit on a Allied destroyer

Artic convoys to Russia 1941-1942 Hazardous duty fell to the men who convoyed supplies to Russia after the German invasion of June 1941. The forces of nature on the arctic run posed a threat equal to that of the Germans.… learn more

Eastern Front 1944

Soldiers of the 214th Infantry Division with truck

The Eastern Front until late summer 1944. During the winter of 1943-1944, the Red Army had increased its forces in the bridgehead of Oranienbaum and expected that the German troops of the Army Group North would be pushed back, that… learn more

Hitler – Biography

Adolf Hitler

German Fuehrer (Leader) of the Third Reich. HITLER, Adolf (1889-1945) Compact biography and Course of Life of Adolf Hitler. German Führer (Leader) of Third Reich, Supreme Commander Armed Forces and the man who launched WW2 to his own surprise… Megalomania… learn more

Battle at the Vistula 1945

pain of an innocent creature, as well as the millions of humans, in a terrible war

Last Russian Winter Offensive On January 12, 1945 the 1st Byelorussian Front (Marshal Zhukov) and the 1st Ukrainian Front (Marshal Konev) attacked on a wide front line from Warsaw to Jaslo. At the same time, north of Warsaw, Rokossowskis 2nd… learn more

German arms production

assembly line of German Focke-Wulf Fw 190

German arms production in WW2 from 1939-1945 The annual German armaments and military equipment production (excluding ammunition) and a comparison of the necessary strategic raw materials. Additional, the origins of the strategic raw materials and effect of the Allied bombing… learn more

Battle of Kursk

Panzer III under fire at Kursk

Battle of Kursk in July 1943, the greatest tank battle in military history. The German leadership had initially planned to attack on the Eastern Front after the spring melt, when the terrain had dried so much that the armored troops… learn more

Hitler’s declaration of war to the USA

Roosevelt is talking with his foreign minister Cordell Hull.

Part III of ‘Why did Hitler declare war on the US?’ back to PART II: The ‘undeclared war’ of the USA against Germany The road to the ‘real’ World War. At the beginning of August 1941, however, the situation changed.… learn more