Prophetic cartoon from a US newspaper from 1920

Prophetic cartoon from a US newspaper from 1920 after the treaty of Versailles which ended WWI – the French P.M. Clemenceau (nicknamed the ‘Tiger’) leaving the conference, which had met to ensure peace, hears one of the children it had doomed to become a soldier in 1940 weeping at his fate.

Battles, Military Production and Personages of WW2.

WW2 History defines that war as beginning in 1939 in Europe with the battles for Poland.
Post-Versailles Poland was a country of some 24 million. Poland was only 75 percent Polish; the rest was Russian or Ukrainian in the east or German in the west. The Polish Corridor (including the port of Danzig) not only was heavily German but separated East Prussia from the Fatherland, a source of tension that Hitler eagerly exploited.

Poland had beaten the Red Army during the Russian civil wars after 1918 and remained impressive enough to motivate France to sign a mutual defense treaty in the 1920s. But if the Poles detested Germany, they detested Russia even more and so rejected French entreaties to permit Soviet troops into Poland if Germany attacked.
By mid-1939 Hitler, deprived of war in Czechoslovakia, was committed to one in Poland. Despite the Franco-Polish treaty and the growing alarm in London, he did not think the West would interfere, particularly after he signed a startling nonaggression and trade pact with Premier Joseph Stalin that included a secret protocol allowing the Soviets to occupy eastern Poland in case of war.
Even so, the Poles did not altogether despair. They believed that France and Britain would eventually respond and that the Polish army could withstand the Wehrmacht for many months, long enough for the West to mobilize and confront Hitler with what he feared most – a two-front war. This proved only partly accurate. When the Germans attacked on September 1, France and Britain, after issuing an ultimatum, did declare war. But they intended less to fight for Poland, which they considered indefensible without Russian involvement, than to signal to Hitler that they would fight him at some point.
The Poles moreover did not hold out, largely because the Germans fought a war that emphasized surprise and velocity as well as firepower. However, WW2 History has begun…

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Second World War overview 1943-45

Soldiers of the 69th US Division and the Soviet 1st Ukrainian Front

Second World War, overview of the course from 1943 to 1945 with the defeat of the Axis powers by the Allies (Part III). Here to Part II: Second World War overview 1941-42. Home Front Germany Under the leadership of the… learn more

Second World War overview 1941-42

Panzer 3 in street fightings.

Second World War, overview of the course of the ‘Axis high tide’ from 1941 to 1942 (Part II). Mediterranean theater, Russian campaign, the global conflict and ideological war. Here to Part I: Second World War overview 1939-40. Mediterranean With the… learn more

Hitler – Character

The pensive Hitler

The Five Faces of Adolf Hitler. An attempt to describe the character of the German leader or ‘Fuehrer’ of the Third Reich and supreme commander during WW2. Whoever deals with Hitler has to visualize what Alfred Jodl wrote about Hitler… learn more

Second World War overview 1939-40

capture of Paris

Second World War, overview of the course of the ‘Blitzkriege’ (lightning wars) from 1939 to 1940 (Part I). Polish campaign, Stalin’s territorial claims, Western campaign and Battle of Britain. Lightning wars – Blitzkriege From the outset Hitler had set himself… learn more

Lend-Lease tanks and aircrafts

P-63 Kingcobra lend-lease aircrafts for Russia

Lend-Lease tanks and aircraft for the Red Army 1941 to 1945. Figures of supplied armored vehicle and aircraft types from the United States and Britain to Soviet Union during the Second World War. Lend Lease Tanks The Red Army used… learn more

German AFV production

Final assembly of StuG assault guns.

Tanks, Assault guns, Self-propelled guns production in Germany during WW2 In the following table is summarized the production of all types of armored vehicles manufactured for the German Army. In the case where foreign equipment was officially issued to the… learn more

Battle of Britain

pilots were running to their Spitfires

The Battle of Britain in 1940-1941. Operation Sea lion, strengths of the German Navy and Luftwaffe vs RAF, the air battle and the ‘Blitz’. Operation Sealion The Battle of Britain was fought in the air to prevent a seaborne invasion… learn more

Arctic convoy PQ-17

Narrow missed hit on a Allied destroyer

Artic convoys to Russia 1941 and 1942. First convoys, the destruction of PQ-17 and losses of PQ-18, new tactics with JW-51 and the interruption between spring and winter 1943. Hazardous duty fell to the men who convoyed supplies to Russia… learn more

End of Polish campaign

Polish PoW's 1939

The Polish campaign from the Battle of Bzura, the invasion of the Red Army to the surrender of Warsaw and the last Polish troops on 6 October 1939 (Part II). Here to Part I: Polish Campaign. Battle of Bzura The… learn more

Eastern Front 1944

Soldiers of the 214th Infantry Division with truck

The Eastern Front from winter 1943-44 until late summer 1944. Ending the siege of Leningrad and Operation Bagration, the destruction of the German Army Group Center. During the winter of 1943-1944, the Red Army had increased its forces in the… learn more

Polish campaign 1939

'Schleswig-Holstein' bombards the Westerplatte

The campaign against Poland in September 1939 (Part I). Deployment, the German attack and the advance on Warsaw until 9 September. The German attack on Poland began on September 1, 1939, at 4:45 a.m., when the old German pre-dreadnought ‘Schleswig-Holstein’… learn more

Hitler – Biography

Adolf Hitler

A compressed Biography of the German Führer (Leader) of the Third Reich and Supreme Commander Armed Forces, Adolf Hitler (1889-1945). HITLER, Adolf (1889-1945) Compact biography and Course of Life of Adolf Hitler. German Führer (Leader) of Third Reich, Supreme Commander… learn more

17-Battle at the Vistula 1945

pain of an innocent creature, as well as the millions of humans, in a terrible war

The last Russian Winter Offensive of the war started with the Battle of the Vistula. On January 12, 1945 the 1st Belorussian Front (Marshal Zhukov) and the 1st Ukrainian Front (Marshal Konev) attacked on a wide front line from Warsaw… learn more

German arms production

assembly line of German Focke-Wulf Fw 190

German arms production in WW2 from 1939-1945 The annual German armaments and military equipment production (excluding ammunition) and a comparison of the necessary strategic raw materials. Additional, the origins of the strategic raw materials and effect of the Allied bombing… learn more

Battle of Kursk

Panzer III under fire at Kursk

Battle of Kursk in July 1943, the greatest tank battle in military history. The German leadership had initially planned to attack on the Eastern Front after the spring melt, when the terrain had dried so much that the armored troops… learn more

Hitler’s declaration of war to the USA

Roosevelt is talking with his foreign minister Cordell Hull.

Part III of ‘Why did Hitler declare war on the US?’ back to PART II: The ‘undeclared war’ of the USA against Germany The road to the ‘real’ World War. At the beginning of August 1941, however, the situation changed.… learn more

Undeclared War

US destroyer Kearny (DD-432) was also damaged by a German U-boat

Part II of ‘Why did Hitler declare war on the US?’ back to PART I: Why did Hitler declare war on the US? The ‘undeclared war’ of the USA against Germany There had been a ‘undeclared war’ between the US… learn more

Why did Hitler declare war on the US?

Hitler declares war on USA

Hitler’s declaration of war to the United States appears to be difficult to understand, superfluous, and sealed the fate of the Third Reich. On 12 December 1941, Adolf Hitler declared war on the USA with a long Reichstag speech. In… learn more

Losses in World War II

Pioneer Tombs

Losses and casualties during World War II. Military and civilian losses of the combatants from 1939 to 1945 Note on the Soviet Union: During the Communist era documents about the Second World War in the Soviet Union were kept under… learn more

Operation Rhine Exercise

Bismarck is firing on Hood

Operation Rheinuebung (‘Rhine Exercise’), the final cruise of the Bismarck Detailed action, numerous photos and video. here to Part I: development, specifications, and 3d model of Bismarck Operation Rhine Excercise, the final cruise of the Bismarck In that month, in… learn more