Military production of Japan

flag-japanMilitary production and imports of Japan in World War II.

The annual Japanese armaments and military equipment production (excluding ammunition) and a comparison of the necessary strategic raw materials. Since Japan was virtually dependent on full import of key raw materials, also a breakdown of the development of import figures during the war.

Japanese aircraft factory

Japanese aircraft factory for Ki-43 Hayabusa fighters.

Military production figures of Japan by weapon type

Construction of a Japanese aircraft carrier.

Construction of a Japanese aircraft carrier.

The Japanese annual production figures of the known main arms and military equipment (without ammunition) during WW2 from 1939-1945.

Armaments
Type of Weapon 1939 1940 1941 1942 1943 1944 1945 TOTAL
Tanks (without light tanks and tankettes) - 315 595 557 558 353 137 2,515
Field and infantry guns ? ? 2,250 2,550 3,600 3,300 1,650 13,350
Machine-guns (without sub-machine guns) ? ? ? ? ? ? ? 380,000
Sub-machine guns - - 10,000 (1941-44) ? ? ? 7,000 17,000
Military trucks and lorries ? 38,056 46,389 35,386 c.24,000 20,356 1,758 165,945
Fighter planes ? ? 1,080 2,935 7,147 13,811 5,474 30,447
Bomber planes ? ? 1,461 2,433 4,189 5,100 1,934 15,117
Reconnaissance planes ? ? 639 967 1,046 2,147 855 5,654
Training planes ? ? 1,489 2,171 2,871 6,147 2,523 15,201
Aircraft carriers (CV) - - 1 6 4 5 - 16
Battleships (BB) - - 1 1 - - - 2
Cruisers (CA) - - - 4 3 2 - 9
Destroyers (DD) - - - 10 12 24 17 63
Submarines - - - 61 37 39 30 167
Merchant shipping tonnage 320,466 293,612 210,373 260,059 (Tankers: 20,361) 769,085 (Tankers: 169,491) 1,699,203 (Tankers: 754,889) 599,563 (Tankers: 351,028) 4,152,361

Raw material production for the military weapon production above:

Annual strategic raw material production (m. metric tons)
1939 1940 1941 1942 1943 1944 1945
Coal ? ? ? 61.3 60.5 51.7 11.0
Ore ? ? ? 7.4 6.7 6.0 0.9
Steel ? ? ? 8.0 8.8 6.5 0.8
Aluminium (in 1,000 metric tons – especially important for aircraft production) ? ? ? 103.0 141.0 110.0 7.0

Import of raw materials

kip-bombing by 5th US Air Force A-20s on a Japanese freighter

This one will also not arrive: skip-bombing by 5th US Air Force A-20s on a Japanese freighter.

A vital sector of the decisive battle of production for the Japanese was that of import of raw materials, especially of oil.

Annual tonnage of Japanes tankers built, sunk and extant:

Japanese Tankers Tonnage
Tonnage built Tonnage sunk Tonnage available at the end of the year
1941 - - 578,000
1942 20,316 9,538 686,000
1943 254,927 169,491 873,000
1944 624,290 754,889 860,000
1945 85,651 351,028 266,948

Annual Japanese imports of key strategic raw materials and foodstuffs in 1,000 metric tons:

Annual Japanese imports
1941 1942 1943 1944 1945
Oil 1,090 1,360 1,880 650
Coal 6,460 6,390 5,180 2,630 548
Iron ore 6,310 4,700 4,300 2,150 341
Iron and steel 921 993 997 1,100 170
Scrap iron 246 50 43 21 12
Bauxite 150 305 909 376 15
Lead 86 11 25 17 4
Tin 5 4 27 23 4
Zinc 8 8 10 6 2
Raw rubber 68 31 42 31 18
Total strategic raw material imports 15,344 13,852 13,413 7,004 1,114
Food: rice 2,110 2,250 990 652 201
Food: peas and beans 546 684 276 ? ?
Overall 18,000 16,786 14,679 7,656 1,315
Call of War
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