War Diary December 13, 1914
War Diary World War One for Sunday, December 13, 1914:
Return of the British submarine B11 (Lieutenant Holbrook) after the sinking of the Turkish battleship in the Dardanelles. Holbrook’s B11 was making the first deep-water penetration of the Dardanelles strait and diving beneath the Turkish mines. Finding the battleship ‘Messudieh’ lying at anchor, he hit her with a single torpedo at 800m; she went down quite rapidly but opened a heavy fire on B11, which had trouble submerging in the very shallow water. B11 escaped down the straits in an epic nine-hour submerged journey.
Dardanelles – First battleship sunk by submarine: old Turk battleship Messudieh sunk at anchor in shoal water north of Kephez Point by RN submarine B11 (Holbrook) after passing five rows of mines and returning without compass. Holbrook awarded first naval Victoria Cross of the war.
Flanders: Germans pull back from Yser Canal.
Serbia: Frank informs Potiorek that Belgrade cannot be held. Serb Third Army retakes Obrenovac. Serb First Army reoccupies Loznica-Sabac line. Fighting in the west almost over.
Italy: Mussolini speaks in Parma ‘Neutrals never dominate events. They always sink. Blood alone moves the wheels of history’.