East Prussia: Russian attacks.
Poland – Second Battle of Warsaw (until December 30): German offensive.
Galicia: Russians bombard forts north of Cracow.
Mesopotamia: 3,700 British and 16 guns renew attack against 3,000 Turks with 10 guns. Another Royal Navy launch disabled, but they hold Tigris bank.
South Africa: Rebel General Beyers defeated, drowned fleeing (with c. 25 followers) in river Vaal.
USA: Congress’ private arms embargo bills brought (but shelved in January).
France: Paris Bourse reopens.
Britain: Compulsory registration of Belgian refugees.
Japan: Diet opens with Emperor’s speech.