War Diary for Monday, November 23, 1914:
Poland: Isolated Germans launch breakout against Russian line Rzgov-Koliuszki southeast of Lodz. Night temperature 10°F. Lechitski’s Russian Ninth Army (14 divisions) only 93,000 men strong instead of 196,000.
Ypres: German artillery carries out heavy ‘hate shoot’: Cathedral and Cloth Hall damaged.
Serbia: Serbs evacuate Maljen line. First Army split from Uzice Army, but Austrians slow advance to let supply convoys come up.
Mesopotamia: Royal Navy sloops Espiegle and Odin are reconnoitre Qurna, Turkish position 45 miles from Basra at Tigris-Euphrates junction.
Channel: 2 British Channel Fleet battleships shell Zeebrugge. U-21 (Hersing) sinks (with deck gun) 2 small British steamers off Le Havre.
North Sea: U-18 (Hennig) enters Scapa Flow (Grand Fleet at sea), is rammed leaving by minesweeper close to Hoxa entrance, then by destroyer Garry, has to surrender. 26 of 27 crew members saved.
France: Ie Group de Bombardement (1st Bombing Group) formed of 18 Voisins under Cdt de Goys.
Portugal: Congress allows Government to join Allies when it deems fit.
Mexico: Last US troops evacuate Vera Cruz.
Switzerland: Government complains that Friedrichshafen raiders overflow their land and killed citizen; British Government regrets on December 3.
Holland: Netherlands Overseas Trust formed.