Hindenburg promoted to field marshal. Litvinov replaces Rennenkampf in command of Russian First Army due to Lodz fiasco.
Champagne: Germans bombard Reims Cathedral.
Serbia: Serbs retake Covka.
Mesopotamia: 17th Brigade completes 6th Indian Division.
Tripolitania: Fezzan-Revolt forces 191 Italians with 2 guns from Sebha to Brach where 2 companies joined on December 8.
USA: President Wilson condemns bombardment of unfortified towns.
Britain: Army and Admiralty able to take over private arms factories.