Aircrafts 1914-18

Aircrafts of World War One 1914-18

Hansa-Brandenburg reconnaissance aircraft

A Hansa-Brandenburg reconnaissance aircraft of the Austro-Hungarian army.

About 19 out of 20 aerial sorties flown during the entire World War One were reconnaissance missions. There is no doubt that such missions played an increasingly important role during this war.
Nevertheless, there was considerable resistance to the introduction of airplanes by the military before the beginning of the war. The military aviation was still in the infancy in 1914 and many of the responsible generals doubted about their value.

There were also comparatively few airplanes existing in 1914. The air forces of the leading nations had only recently been established and older generals had little idea of what they were to be used for.
Traditionally, the cavalry was regarded as the eye of the army, but the first aircraft had already proved their worth in the reconnaissance role.

Thus, shortly after the outbreak of World War One, a German Taube monoplane already played an important role during the Battle of Tannenberg on the Eastern Front in August 1914, when it watched the Russian troop movements.
Such aircraft were quickly becoming indispensable, especially after the start of the trench war, what the cavalry along the Western Front condemned to immobility.

After that, reconnaissance aircraft were deemed to be so important that special fighter aircraft were developed to shoot them down or protect them.
The aircraft also became more and more advanced. After the reports of the first reconnaissance planes were handed over by the crew, or when handwritten messages were thrown down with weights, there came soon immediate messages by built-in, smaller radios and photo cameras for the picturing of the enemy positions and lines of communications.
Later models had built-in cameras in the fuselage and were freed from any superfluous weight – even armament – to fly higher and faster.
Soon aircraft were omnipresent on every front, and more than half of the 80 kills of the Red Baron Manfred von Richthofen were reconnaissance aircrafts.

The first aircrafts were not more than so much as possible stable aircraft platforms, and they did not have to be particularly fast or maneuverable, since there were very few dangers in the sky.
Only the more and more armed airplanes from the end of 1914 and the specially developed fighter aircraft ended these ‘peaceful’ times over the ground battlefields.
At the same time, the larger aircrafts, especially the original reconnaissance aircraft, were able to attack enemy troops or even entire cities with the first bombs.

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F.E.2

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Martinsyde G.100 Elephant

British long-range escort fighter Martinsyde G.100 and G.102 ‘Elephant’. History, development, service, specifications, pictures and model. Martinsyde G.100 and G.102 Elephant Type: single-seat long-range escort fighter (later ground-attack and bomber aircraft). History: Developed by A. A. Fletcher of Martinsyde Limited… learn more

B.E.2

British reconnaissance, bomber, night-fighter and training aircraft Royal Aircraft Factory B.E.2. History, development, service, specifications, pictures and 3D model. Royal Aircraft Factory B.E.2. Type: two-seat reconnaissance and bomber aircraft. History: Royal Aircraft Factory B.E.2, B.E.2a und B.E.2b The initial B.E.… learn more

Caudron G

French Caudron G series of two-seater reconnaissance bombers. History, development, service, specifications, pictures and model. Caudron G.III, G.IV and G.VI Type: two-seat reconnaissance bomber and training aircraft. History: The majority of nacelle-and-tailboom aero­planes of 1914-19 had been pusher bi­planes; the… learn more

Albatros B

German two-seat reconnaissance planes Albatros B types. History, development, service, specifications, pictures and model. Albatros B.I, B.II, B.III Type: Two-seat reconnaissance plane. History: This none armed two-seat Albatros bi­planes which were used in Germany in one functionality as well as… learn more

Airco DH2

Model Airco DH2

British first true single-seat fighting scout Airco de Havilland 2. Airco DH2 Type: single-seat fighting scout. History: Now generally recognized as the RFC’s first true fighter, the Airco D.H.2 reached France early in 1916. By that time the Fokker E… learn more

Nieuport 11

French scout and single-seat fighter Nieuport 11 and 16 ‘Bebe’ Nieuport 11, 16 Type: single-seat fighting scout. History: The Nieuport 11 found its roots in a tiny, single-seat biplane, operated by a 80 hp Gnome power plant, de­signed by Gustave… learn more

Fokker Eindecker

3D model of Fokker E.

German Fokker E monoplane Fokker Eindecker Type: single-seat fighting scout. History: Anthony Fokker’s Eindecker (literally ‘one wing’) monoplanes were the man­ifestation of his design philosophy combining manoeuvrability with a syn­chronized machine-gun of acceptable reliability. The original M5k prototype was in… learn more

Sopwith Camel

3d model Sopwith Camel F1

Sopwith Camel – British fighter plane The Sopwith F I Camel, the First World War’s most successful fighter, with 1,294 air­craft downed to its credit. Is generally an enlarged and modified Sopwith Pup. It was designed specially for hight perforfance… learn more