Avro Manchester

british-flagBritish heavy strategic night bomber Avro Manchester.
History, development, service, specifications, pictures and 3D model.

Avro Manchester of 207 Sqn

Avro Manchester of 207 Sqn, the first unit to receive the new heavy strategic night bomber in November 1940. This aircraft was a Mk IA.

Avro Manchester
Type: RAF heavy strategic night bomber.

History:

Rolls-Royce’s decision in 1935 to produce a very powerful engine by fitting two sets of Peregrine cylinder-blocks to one crankcase (the lower pair being inverted, to give an X arrangement) prompted the Air Ministry to issue specification P.13/36 for a twin-engined heavy bomber of unprecedented capability.
Handley Page changed to four Merlins (see Halifax bomber) but Avro produced the Avro Manchester with the Vulture engine.
In most respects it was the best of all the new heavy bombers, but the engine was grossly down on power, and had to be derated further because of extreme unreliability.

Originally the Avro Manchester had two fins; in the production Mk I a fixed central fin was added, and the bulk of the 209 bombers delivered had two larger fins (no central fin) and were designated Mk IA.

So hopeless was the engine situation that the plans to build Manchesters at Armstrong Whitworth and Fairey were cancelled, and Metropolitan­Vickers stopped at No 32.
Avro went on until the vastly superior Avro Lancaster could take over, the first batches of Lancasters having Manchester fuselages with a row of small windows along each side.
The Avro Manchesters were removed from front line service in 1942.

Users: Great Britain (RAF).


Animated 3D model Manchester


Specifications Avro 679 Manchester Mk IA

Specifications
Avro 679 Manchester Mk IA Specification
Type heavy strategic night bomber
Power plant two Rolls-Royce Vulture I 24-cylinder X-form, rated at 1,760 hp (but in fact derated to 1,480-1,500hp)
Accommodation 7
Wing span 90 ft 1 in (27.46 m)
Length overall 70 ft 0 in (21.34 m)
Height overall 19 ft 6 in (5.94 m)
Weight empty 31,200 lb (14,152 kg)
Weight loaded 56,000 lb; in fact never authorised above 50,000 lb (22,680 kg)
Maximum speed 250 mph (402 km/hr)
Service ceiling 19,500 ft (5,852 m)
Range 1,200 miles with maximum bomb load (1,930 km)
Armament
Avro 679 Manchester Mk IA Specification
Power turrets 2 with each 2 x 0.303in Browning (nose, mid-upper)
Tail turret 1 with 4 x 0.303in Browning
Machine-guns total 8
Bomb load internal fuselage bay bomb load up to 10,350 lb
Service statistics
Manchester data
First flight 25 July 1939
Service delivery November 1940
Final delivery November 1941
Withdrawal from front line service June 1942
Total production figure 209
Operations in WW2 1,269 (983 as bomber)
Losses 76 (16.7 ops per loss)
Bomb tonnage on targets 1,826 (1.86 tons per bomber op)
3d model Avro Manchester

3D model Avro Manchester

Call of War
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