Crusader

british-flagBritish Cruiser Tank Mk VI (A15) Crusader.
History, development, service, specifications, statistics, pictures and 3D model.

Crusader I

Crusader I with auxiliary front machine gun turret.

Crusader (A15)
Type: British cruiser tank Mk VI

History:

The genuine A15 model for a ‘1938 Class Medium Tank’ had been postponed in the preparation phase because of concerns regarding specifications, and it was re-designated. The authorization to go forward for the A15 was provided in July 1939 having a primary acquire for Two hundred tanks as well as the pilot unit. The pilot model had been available by March 1940. In mid-1940 the request for A15s was raised to Four hundred, after that to 1062, and Nuffields took over as ‘parent’ enterprise to a number of 9 firms involved in A15 manufacturing. The new tank was designated Crusader at the end of 1940. Total output till 1943 was 5,300 tanks.

However the majority of the original flaws had been fixed to a degree, the Crusader constantly been hit by unreliability and the tempo and emergency with which it had been hurried into manufacturing didn’t enable extended development trials, especially for desert operations, where the Crusader took over as primary British tank from Spring 1941 onwards. It initial saw combat near Capuzzo in June 1941, was notable in all the significant North African desert battles which followed, and was still operating, in its later 6pdr-armed variety during the time of the Battle of Alamein in October 1942, however at that time in the process of being replaced by American-built M3 Grant and M4 Sherman medium tanks. The final Crusaders in North Africa were ultimately removed from first line use in May 1943.

The Germans regarded the Crusader because of its speed, but it was no match for the Panzer III with 50mm gun, its primary desert adversary, in striking power, armour thickness, or serviceability. The German 50mm, 75mm and 88mm anti-tank guns furthermore didn’t have any difficulty in destroying the Crusaders during the desert battles.

Main versions:

Crusader I (Cruiser Mk VI): Initial production type with 2-pounder gun as well as auxiliary front machine gun turret, which was later eliminated on some tanks operating.

Crusader I CS (Cruiser Mk VI CS): As above however with 3in howitzer (76.2mm) exchanging 2-pounder gun for close support actions.

Crusader II (Cruiser Mk VIA): As Crusader I however with front machine gun turret removed in the course of the manufacturing process. Additional frontal armour on turret and hull.

Crusader II CS (Cruiser Mk VIA CS): As Cruiser I CS with upgrades as for typical Mk II.

Crusader III: Ultimate manufacturing model with 6-pounder gun exchanging 2pdr weapon, and improved armour on hull and turret along with other areas of hull. Prototype tested November-December 1941. In manufacturing from May 1942 and 144 finished by July 1942.

Users: UK (for all variants).


Animated 3D model Crusader Mk I


Specifications for Crusader Mk II (Cruiser Mk VIA)

Specifications
Crusader Mk II Specification
Type medium tank
Engine Nuffield Liberty V12 with 340hp
Gearbox ?
Crew total 4
Turret crew 3
Length 19 ft 8 in (5.99 m)
Width 8 ft 8 in (2.64 m)
Height 7 ft 4 in (2.23 m)
Weight42,560 lb
Maximum speed 27 mph (43 km/hr)
Cross-country speed15 mph (24 km/hr)
Petrol consumption per 100 km ?
Petrol ?
Road radius100 miles (160 km); 127 miles (204 km) with extra fuel tank
Cross-country radius ?
Vertical obstacle 2 ft 3 in (0.69 m)
Trench crossing 8 ft 6 in (2.59 m)
Fording depth 3 ft 3 in (0.99 m)
Turning circle ?
Gradient 60 %
Armour
Crusader Mk I mm angle
Turret front 49 ?
Turret side 24 ?
Turret rear 30 ?
Turret top 12 ?
Superstructure front 20 (driver 40) ?
Superstructure side 28 ?
Superstructure rear 28 ?
Superstructure top 7 ?
Hull front 33 ?
Hull side 10-28 ?
Hull rear 28 ?
Hull bottom ? ?
Gun mantlet? ?
Armament and Equipment
Crusader Mk II Specification
Main armament2pdr QQF (Mks IX or X)
Rounds 110 (HE only available from May 1942)
Traverse360°
Elevation ?
Max effective range200 yds (APCBC)
Secondary armamentone or two 7.92 cal BESA MG with maximum of 5,000 rounds
Radio?
Telescopic sight?
Penetration mm at 30° armour plates of the gun
Range AP APCBC (May 1942) SV (Jan 1943)
100 yds ? ? ?
500 yds 57 mm 53 mm 88 mm
1000 yds 40 mm 49 mm 72 mm
1500 yds - 44 mm 60 mm
2000 yds - 40 mm 48 mm
Muzzle velocity2,800 ft/s (919 m/s)2,600 ft/s (853 m/s)4,200 ft/s (1,280 m/s)
Shell weight2.6 lbs (1.1 kg)2.11 lbs (1.2 kg)1.0 lbs (0.453 kg)
Production
Cruiser Tank Mk VI (A15) data
Production 1940-1943 (all variants)
Combat deliverySpring 1941 (North Africa), first combat action June 1941
Price per tank ?
Total production figure5,300 (all variants)
Service statistics of all Cruiser Tank Mk VI (A15) variants
Year Available Production Losses
before 1939-
1939 - -
1940 -5,300 (1940-43)
1941 ? ?
1942 153 (30.6); 294 (23.10) with 8th Army ?
1943 ? ?
1944
1945
Total -5,300 ?
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