de Havilland Vampire

british-flagBritish jet fighter planes De Havilland Vampire DH 100.
History, development, service, specifications, pictures and 3D model.

De Havilland Vampire of the historical squadron of the RAF

De Havilland Vampire (back) of the historical squadron of the RAF and the last machine of this type which is able to fly, together with a Gloster Meteor (front).

De Havilland Vampire DH 100
Type: British jet fighter planes.

History:

The de Havilland Vampire was the first true design for a British jet fighter plane. This demanded a completely new classification of the individual assemblies to each other.
Frank Halford had designed a jet engine, called H 1 and later Goblin, with a thrust of about 2,530 lb. The aircraft designers found this sufficient for a small fighter with one engine. They constructed a short torso, where the pressure cabins was in front of the engine. The tail was carried by two thin legs and the horizontal stabilizer was above the exhaust jet.

The prototype was the first Allied aircraft which reached 500 mph, but the first production aircrafts didn’t reach the squadrons during WW2. Because the De Havilland company had no free capacities, these were built by English Electric.

This first jet fighters were replaced by the F 3, with a typical DH-tail, lowered horizontal tail and more fuel capacity. The FB 5 had straight wing ends with wing rackets and the FB 6 was an export model which was built in Switzerland.
There were a huge range of export models, such as the Australian FB 30 with Nene engine and air entrance on the body, or the French Mistral SNCASE with Hispano Nene engine and enlarged air entrances at the wing roots.

The final version of the RAF was the tropicalised FB 9. Also a Sea Vampire F 20 was built in small numbers.
The total production figure, including all variants, amounted to 4,206 – more than any other British post-war aircraft.


Animated 3D model de Havilland Vampire, Swiss Air Force


Specifications de Havilland DH 100 Vampire F1

Specifications
DH 100 Vampire F1 Specification
Type British jet fighter planes
Power plant 1 x 3,124 lb (1,420 kg) thrust de Havilland Goblin turbojet engine
Accommodation 1
Wing span 40 ft (12.19 m)
Length overall 30 ft 8.9 in (9.37 m)
Height overall 8 ft 10.3 in (2.70 m)
Weight empty 6,380 lb (2,890 kg)
Weight loaded 8,587 lb (3,890 kg)
Maximum speed 540 mph (869 km/hr)
Initial climb 4,200 ft / min. (1,280 m/min)
Service ceiling 41,000 ft (12,500 m)
Range 730 miles (1,175 km)
[/type]
DH 100 Vampire F1 Specification
in front 4 x 20 mm Hispano (150 rounds per gun)
under wing racks 2 x 1,000 lb (450 kg) bombs or 8 x 60 lb (27 kg) rockets (for fighter-bomber F6)
Service statistics
DH 100 Vampire F1 Data
First flight 20 September 1943
Production start 20 April 1945
Service delivery December 1945
Final delivery from British production December 1953
Total production figure (all) 4,206
Call of War
Related Reports:
Bookmark the permalink.

Leave a Reply